Wood Derivatives, Lignin and its Products and Projects

Wood is an organic material, a natural composite of cellulose fibers (which are strong in tension) embedded in a matrix of lignin which resists compression. In the strict sense wood is produced as secondary xylem in the stems of trees (and other woody plants). wood is used for millennia for many purposes, primarily as a fuel or as a construction material for making houses, tools, weapons, furniture, packaging, artworks, and paper. Wood is composed of cells, and the cell walls are composed of micro-fibrils of cellulose (40% – 50%) and hemicellulose (15% – 25%) impregnated with lignin (15% – 30%).The derivation of chemicals from wood is carried out wherever technical utility and economic conditions have combined to make it feasible.

Chemicals derived from wood include: bark products, cellulose, cellulose esters, cellulose ethers, charcoal, dimethyl sulfoxide, ethyl alcohol, fatty acids, furfural, hemicellulose extracts, kraft lignin, lignin sulfonates, pine oil, rayons, rosin, sugars, tall oil, turpentine, and vanillin. Most of these are either direct products or by-products of wood pulping, in which the lignin that cements the wood fibers together and stiffens them is dissolved away from the cellulose. They are suitable for a wide variety of applications in textile dyestuff, Concrete admixture, metallurgic engineering, petroleum industry, pesticides, Carbon black, Animal feed, and porcelain, etc.

Wood used in construction includes products such as glued laminated timber, laminated veneer lumber (LVL), parallam and I-joists. On the one hand these allow the use of smaller pieces, and on the other hand allow bigger spans. They may also be selected for specific projects such as public swimming pools or ice rinks where the wood will not deteriorate in the presence of certain chemicals. These engineered wood products prove to be more environmentally friendly, and sometimes cheaper, than building materials such as steel or concrete.

Wood unsuitable for construction in its native form may be broken down mechanically (into fibers or chips) or chemically (into cellulose) and used as a raw material for other building materials such as chipboard, engineered wood, hardboard, medium-density fiberboard (MDF), oriented strand board (OSB). Such wood derivatives are widely used: wood fibers are an important component of most paper, and cellulose is used as a component of some synthetic materials. Wood derivatives can also be used for kinds of flooring, for example laminate flooring.

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NameCapacityCost *Return %
Sodium lignosulfonates (Wood Chemicals) 0.000.00
Ammonium lignosulfonates (Wood Chemicals) 0.000.00
Ferrochrome lignosulfonates (Wood Chemicals) -0.000.00

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  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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