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SOYA LECITHIN - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Lecithin is a synonym for phosphatidylcholine. It is the main lipid component in biological membranes, like our cell membranes or cell walls of plants. On the other hand, commercial lecithin is actually a natural mixture of neutral and polar lipids, including glycolipids, triglycerides, sterols, and small quantities of fatty acids, carbohydrates, and sphingolipids. The polar lipid Phosphatidyl choline is present in commercial lecithin in concentrations of 20 to 90%. Lecithin is a generic term to designate any group of yellow-brownish fatty substances occurring in animal and plant tissues, and in egg yolk, composed of phosphoric acid, choline, fatty acids, glycerol, glycolipids, triglycerides, and phospholipids (e.g., phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, and phosphatidylinositol). Lecithin is one of the principal natural emulsifiers for the industry. It is used in many products from food industrial chemicals to animal feed stuffs and pharmaceuticals. Lecithin is unique amongst natural emulsifiers for the sheer diversity of functions it performs in the food industry. Lecithin that contains phosphatidyl choline is produced mainly from vegetable sources, although it may also be found in animal and microbial sources. Majority of commercial lecithin sold in the market today come from soybean (mostly), sunflower, and grape seed. Soybean lecithin comprises of phospholipids and triglycerides with minor amounts of phytoglycolipids, phytosterols, tocopherols and fatty acids. Lecithin is anti-oxidant and emulsifying agent. The multi functional properties of emulsifying, wetting, colloidal and antioxidant properties make soya lecithin to be an ideal food ingredient. It is an emerging application as health protection food. Lecithin has been shown to lower total plasma cholesterol. Pharmaceutical industry uses lecithin in a number of formulations. For these applications, pure lecithin is needed, i.e. free of all other substances, primarily oil and fatty acids. Soy lecithin consists of three types of phospholipids; phosphatidylcholine (PC), phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphotidylinositol (PI). It is extracted from soybean oil and is generally used as a natural emulsifier or stabilizer in various food applications. Lecithin's multifunctional properties and its `natural' status make it an ideal food ingredient in cake mixes, cheese, candy, salad products, chewing gum, chocolate, dehydrated foods and margarine on account of it emulsifying, wetting, colloidal and antioxidant properties. Lecithin is a combination of naturally-occurring phospholipids, which are extracted during the processing of soybean oil. The soybeans are tempered by keeping them at a consistent temperature and moisture level for approximately seven to 10 days. This process hydrates the soybeans and loosens the hull. The soybeans are then cleaned and cracked into small pieces and the hulls are separated from the cracked beans. Next, the soybean pieces are heated and pressed into flakes. Soybean oil is extracted from the flakes through a distillation process and lecithin is separated from the oil by the addition of water and centrifugation or steam precipitation. The present Indian demand is around 7500 tonnes per annum and the export demand around 10500 tonnes per annum where as the global demand is around 225,000 tonnes per annum according to estimate. Major Manufacturers • Archer Daniels Midland Company (ADM) • Degussa Texturant Systems (USA, Netherland, Germany) • Cargill • Lucas Meyer of Hamburg, Germany • Beijing Nanyuan Vegetable Oil Plant, China • Hellongjiang Anda Oil & Fat Plant, China • Qiqihar Xinghua Soya Bean, China • Nanjing Food Additive Plant, China • Lecithin Economic & Technology Development Corporation, China • Agro Solvent Products, Madhya Pradesh • Ruchi Group, Madhya Pradesh • Kriti Industries., Madhya Pradesh • Sakthi Soya, Coimbatore • Gujarat Ambuja Exports Ltd., Ahmedabad • Krishna Oil Extraction, Madhya Pradesh
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Natural Colours - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

-Capsanthin(paprika oleoresin) from chilly/ paprika capsicum -Curcumin from turmeric -Lycopen from tomatoes and other red fruits India, recognized as one of the hotspots of biodiversity is home to a range of economically important plants. Some of these plant species have found use in the preparation of natural dyes. Natural dyes are colorants having several applications in textiles, inks, cosmetics, etc. ‘Natural’ has become a word consumers like to see on food product packages, while ‘clean label’ is an industry term to describe an E-number-free ingredients list. Natural colours have an advantage over synthetic colours in that they are perceived as being preferable because they are natural.The market for colours is shifting to favour natural colours, but there is still a big need for certain synthetic colours. Natural dyes are a great source from plants. Roots, nuts and flowers are just a few common natural ways to get many colors. Yellow, orange, blue, red, green, brown and grey are available. While natural plant extracts were largely used in the food colourings earlier, the synthetic colours have replaced the natural plant extracts in recent times. With imposition of ban on use of several synthetic colours particularly in Europe in recent years, the natural colours are gaining importance. The six colours identified by the Southampton study are: sunset yellow E110, tartrazine E102, carmoisine E122, ponceau 4R E124, quinoline yellow E104 and allura red E129. These were identified in a study conducted at Southampton University and published in The Lancet in 2007, and were linked to hyperactivity in children. Products containing any of the so-called Southampton Six food colours will have to carry a warning on packaging under European law. Although plants exhibit a wide range of colours, not all of these pigments can be used. * Some do not dissolve in water * Some cannot be adsorbed on substrates * Some others fade when washed or exposed to air or sunlight. * Therefore, the use of plant materials as natural colour is selective. Some natural colours include anthocyanin from strawberries, raspberries, grape peel, blueberries etc, capsanthin (paprika oleoresin) from chilly/ paprika capsicum, curcumin from turmeric, lycopen from tomatoes and other red fruits etc. Betalains are water-soluble natural pigments that include red-violet betacyanins and yellow betaxanthins. Market potential Natural colours – which lost their appeal when synthetic colours arrived on the scene, promising higher consistency, heat stability, colour range and cost – are coming back into fashion as consumer awareness increases over the link between diet and health. Natural colours now make up 31 per cent of the colourings market, compared with 40 per cent for synthetics, according to Leatherhead Food International, LFI. Market growth The colours market is estimated by RTS to be worth USD $1.7billion, with natural colours said to make up USD $0.65 billion. Speaking at the HiE conference, Steve Rice of RTS said the colours market was an “important but changing market”, noting the recent shift towards more natural colours has meant the market for synthetics has decreased, with demand for natural colours growing at a much faster rate. “Total colour usage has been growing by about 4 per cent year on year, but naturals are growing by 6.5 per cent year on year, so inevitably we can see that it’s synthetic colours that are being squeezed out,” said Rice. “Our forecasts now show very little growth for synthetics, with all of the growth coming from naturals.” Emerging markets Jamie Rice, also of RTS, said that the largest value markets for natural colours remained Western Europe and North America, accounting for 32 and 29 per cent of the market share respectively, but emerging markets offer growth. “A lot of the high growth is in actually in the emerging markets of Eastern Europe, Central and South America, and Asia pacific. These regions are offering growth rates in excess of 8 per cent,” he said. “It’s very important to understand that there is good value is in developed markets, but there is very big growth coming from the emerging markets,” he added. Segmentation Jamie Rice noted the split between natural and synthetic is very different in different product categories. For soft drinks, he said that in the last ten years natural colours have taken an increasing share of the market, and the same applies to confectionery: “We forecast over the next five years that the confectionery market will see almost a 50:50 split between naturals and synthetics,” said Mr Rice. In meat and savoury products there has always been a high use of natural colours, however yogurts and deserts have been increasing the use of natural colours, and currently use just over half use natural colours at the moment – which, according to Jamie Rice “looks set to increase even more looking to the future.” This has accelerated the drive towards using ‘natural colours’. The Natural Food Colours Association (NatCol) has a list classifying colours according to whether they occur in nature and are naturally-sourced, occur in nature but can be synthetically manufactured, or do not occur in nature and are manufactured synthetically, but these are not legal definitions. Both colours that are naturally sourced and synthetically manufactured are attributed an E-number which has to be used on product packaging in the EU – but consumers may not be aware that no all E-numbers are artificial. A way to avoid having to use an E-number coloured is to use a colouring foodstuff, that is, ingredients that used in their natural food form to lend their colour to the formulation, without any purification having taken place. Food companies tend to couch references to colourings carefully. For instance, a manufacturer may declare their products contain ‘no artificial colourings’, but they may still have colours that do exist naturally but which tend to be synthetically produced when used on an industrial scale. Forecast According to RTS, one key point is that manufacturers are looking ever more intensely at the stability of natural colours, and at potential new natural extracts. Jamie Rice added that the area “is going to become much more competitive over the coming years.” However, he warned that for now at least, industry should not get “too carried away” with natural colours, because not all ingredients can be natural and synthetics are still important in the production of certain products. “Yes there is a shift towards naturals, but it’s not the end of synthetics … yet! There are still cases where synthetics are necessary, whether that’s because of the production processes or because of the final colour presentation needed,” he said. Moreover, since July 2010 products containing the six additives (E 110, E 104, E122, E129, E102 E124) must now carry warning labels, which is undesirable for both manufacturers or retailers from a sales perspective. Indian supply scenario Installed capacity for natural colours (other than natural Indigo) is around 250 tonnes per annum while the production of natural colours (other than natural indigo) is around 100 tonnes per annum. To compete in the global market, quality parameters and sustainable supply capability are vital needs for the Indian units. Indian units have to go a long way for capturing market. Some Indian producers * Aarkay Food Products Ahmedabad * Asian Herbox Ltd.,Hyderabad * Akay Flavours, Kerala * AVT Natural Products,Tiptur, Karnataka * Bhagat International Pvt. Ltd., / Vinayak Ingredients Mumbai * Chillies Export House Ltd., Virudhunagar, Tamil Nadu * Enjayes Spices Chemicals & Oils Ltd., Kottayam,Kerala * Kancor Ingredients Ltd * KCP Biotech Ltd, Hyderabad * Sanat Products New Delhi * Sears Phytochem Ltd.,Madhya Pradesh
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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TAURINE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Taurine, or 2-aminoethanesulfonic acid, is an organic acid. It is a major constituent of bile and can be found in the lower intestine and, in small amounts, in the tissues of many animals, including humans. Taurine is a derivative of the sulfur-containing (sulfhydryl) amino acid cysteine. Taurine is one of the few known naturally occurring sulfonic acids. Taurine is possibly best known as a health supplement, and is used in a variety of products. Bodybuilders take supplements of taurine coupled with creatine which may help in reducing muscle fatigue and soreness. Energy drinks, which are becoming hugely popular, especially among the teen and young adult set, often list taurine as one of its main supplemental ingredients. Applications: The main use of taurine is in infant formula to make it more like human milk (cow's milk is deficient in taurine). Taurine is also used in a wide variety of different functional drinks, ranging from "smart drinks" to "energy tonics" and is often used in conjunction with caffeine. Taurine is used in milk, dairy products, beverages, supplements, complex monosodium glutamate and certain specific foods. In the recent research on the effect of taurine on human intelligence and health, it has been discovered that taurine plays an active role in promoting the development of brain, maintaining the physiological functions of retina, regulating the conduction of nerve, enhancing the absorption and the acid- base metabolism of gall and promoting the functions of heart, liver and internal secretion. Emerging application: The new applications include that taurine can be used to treat “hangover” symptoms caused by excessive drinking and help the treatment of anxiety disorders and obesity. In the future, the demand from weight control food and alcoholism preventing health care products will drive the continuing growth of the international taurine consumption. A deficiency may impair vision and problems with fat metabolism may appear. Synthetic taurine is obtained from isethionic acid (2-hydroxyethanesulfonic acid), which in turn is obtained from the reaction of ethylene oxide with aqueous sodium bisulfite. Another approach is the reaction of aziridine with sulfurous acid. This leads directly to taurine. The global demand for taurine is in the region of 100 000 tonnes per annum and It is expected that the annual growth rate of the international taurine market will reach 15% in the few years. The import of taurine to India is around 11-12 MT per annum. There is an ample space and market for this product. Major taurine producers:Hubei Qianjiang Yongan Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd, China, Hubei Fu Chi chemical Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd,China , Changshu Renoke Food-additive Science Co., Ltd, China and others.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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GLYCERIN - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Glycerin is a simple polyol compound. It is a colorless, odorless, viscous liquid that is widely used in pharmaceutical formulations. Glycerol has three hydrophilic hydroxyl groups that are responsible for its solubility in water and its hygroscopic nature. The glycerol backbone is central to all lipids known as triglycerides. Glycerol is sweet-tasting and of low toxicity. Glycerin is a 3 carbon polyol. It is an inevitable constituent of all animal and vegetable oils and fats. It is a product with many applications in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. It is also a chemical intermediary in adhesives, tensio-actives and explosives. It is extracted chemically from castor oil before cracking. Glycerin is also a by-product in soap and oleochemical production, using natural fats and oils as raw materials or as a by-product in biodiesel production, during transesterification of vegetable oils into methyl esters. It is a clear, water-white, viscous, sweet tasting hygroscopic liquid. Crude glycerine is an essential by-product obtained from the manufacture of soaps, fatty acids, fatty alcohols and fatty acids methyl esters. After refining, glycerine will be used in many applications which cover pharmaceutical, cosmetics/toiletries, resins, cellulose films, paper, polyols, tobacco, food and drink, esters, nitration and other chemical uses and applications. Glycerin is an important raw material used in the manufacture of synthetic resins, namely alkyd resins and explosives. It is also used in the manufacture of lubricants, drugs, plasticizers, etc. In foods and beverages, glycerol serves as a humectant, solvent and sweetener, and may help preserve foods. It is also used as filler in commercially prepared low-fat foods and as a thickening agent in liqueurs. Glycerol is also used to manufacture mono- and di-glycerides for use as emulsifiers, as well as polyglycerol esters going into shortenings and margarine. The market for glycerine in domestic and international market is good. Some of the highest quality glycerin produced in the world is supplied by Malaysia and Indonesia. Glycerine competes in the market with other products such as sorbitol, glycols and many polyols from petrochemical feedstocks. If glycerine prices drop dramatically, also these products will be confronted with the unfair competitive situation created by the reduction in excise duties. Price of glycerin has increased in recent times,largely due to increase in vegetable oil prices. The forecast growth for glcerine is around 2.2% per year, driven mainly by personal care and food products. Good solubility, taste and lower pricing give glycerin an edge on sorbitol in toothpastes and mouth washes. Glycerin is used in food products either directly or as one of its derivatives, such as glycerol mono-stearate. The demand for glycerin in the food sector is growing as a result of the continuing trend toward lowering the fat content in foods. There is a very good scope for this product and new entrepreneurs should venture into this field.
Plant capacity: ---Plant & machinery: -
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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GUAR GUM - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Guar Gum is a white to yellowish white powder. It is nearly odorless. When dissolved in hot or cold water guar gum forms a paste of high viscosity. Guar's viscosity is a function of temperature, time and concentration. Guar gum can best be described as a natural food thickener, similar to locust bean gum, cornstarch or tapioca flour. Guar gum is said to have significantly more thickening ability than cornstarch. Guar gum is not just a thickening agent, but a binder and plasticizer as well. Guar gum has excellent thickening, emulsifying, stabilizing and film forming properties. At very low concentration, guar gum has excellent settling (flocculation) properties and it acts as a filter aid. Guar gum is compatible with a variety of inorganic and organic substances including certain dyes and various constituents of food. It is also used in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics Industry. Guar gum is extracted from the guar bean. The guar plant 'Cyamopsis Tetragonalobus' is an annual plant. The legume is an important source of nutrition to animals and humans. Guar or cluster beans is a legume crop that grows in the semi-arid regions of India during kharif season. India is the major producer of guar seed and gum, making up 80 to 85 per cent of the total global supply. Guar is primarily grown in Rajasthan, besides Haryana, Punjab, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. Export demand for guar gum is substantial .Major producers of guar gum in India are India Glycols, Vikas WSP and Vimta Labs, etc. Vimta Labs has been nominated by the European Union to certify that guar gum shipments are free from dioxins and pentacholorophenols (PCP). Guar gum has gained popularity over other gums and polysacchrides because of its increasing uses.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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POLYVINYLIDENE FLUORIDE (PVDF) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Polyvinylidene fluoride is a specialty plastic material in the fluoropolymer family. It is used generally in applications requiring the highest purity, strength, and resistance to solvents, acids, bases and heat and low smoke generation during a fire event. Polyvinylidene fluoride is made up of 59% fluorine, 38% carbon and 3% hydrogen. The compatibility of the carbon and fluorine is such that it offers resistance to UV degradation and atmospheric chemical attach, which is far superior to the acrylic topcoat. PVDF is the material of choice when the porous structure will be exposed to ozone or chlorine. A fine powder grade is also used as the principal ingredient of high-end paints for metals. PVDF is known particularly for its creep resistance over a broad range of temperatures. It is widely used for gasketing and the lining of pipes and tanks. Its highly desirable solubility and electrical properties result from the polarity of alternating CH2 and CF2 groups on the polmer chain. PVDF tubing is ideal for fluid applications which require a high degree of purity such as the transfer of ultra-pure deionized water. Thinner walled PVDF tubing is translucent making it easier to confirm fluid movement. Thin wall PVDF tubing is also more flexible than FEP and PFA tubing but does not have as broad a working temperature range. If one needs a polymer that will withstand exposure to harsh thermal, chemical or ultraviolent conditions, PVDF offers superior stability similar to the performance of fluoropolymers in these environments. PVDF, an extremely hard material, may be used at temperatures from -80°F to 300°F (–62°C to 149°C). No oxidation of thermal degradation occurs during continuous exposure to 300°F (149°C). PVDF is a fluorocarbon and is classified as “Self Extinguishing, Group 1 by Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. Thus it is used as good anti-corrosion material in chemical industry, especially in the circumstances of acid, organic solvents, halogens, as well as their mixture. Widely used as insulation material in electronic / electric industries, computer industry, air/space industry to make cable sheathing, coating layer, and condenser film, etc. PVDF may be synthesized from the gaseous VDF monomer via a free radical (or controlled radical) polymerization process. This may be followed by processes such as melt casting, or processing from a solution (e.g. solution casting, spin coating, and film casting).At present, Vinylidene fluoride/Polyvinylidene Fluoride resin is not produced in India. A number of Indian organisations who need to use PVDF in pumps, membranes, electronic parts either import the PVDF product itself or import PVDF sheet/powder for the production of PVDF product. PVDF sheets and rolls are imported in various thickness and sizes depending upon the requirement of individual organizations. The use of PVDF membrane is very selective in India and is imported. Indian demand for PVDF is much less than potential. There is a considerable efforts put forward to increase the demand for PVDF in India by setting up application laboratories and carrying out strong technical services oriented market campaign.
Plant capacity: --Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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THIONYL CHLORIDE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Thionyl chloride is an inorganic compound with the formula SOCl2. It is a reactive chemical reagent used in chlorination reactions. It is a colorless, distillable liquid at room temperature and pressure that decomposes above 140 °C. Thionyl chloride is reactive chemical reagent used mainly as chlorinating agent in organic synthesis, as intermediates in pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals and dyestuff. Thionyl chloride is used as co-reactant in sulphonations and chlorosulphonations. It is used as chlorinating agent in the preparation of acid chlorides from carboxylic acids, aliphatic alkyl chlorides, aromatic sulphonyl chlorides including the important organic reactant acetyl chloride. Acid chlorides are used to prepare many carboxylic acid derivative, anhydrides, esters or amides. Also used in the preparation of alkyl chlorides. Thionyl chloride is used in the preparation of fatty acid chlorides, which in turn are reacted to form a variety of surface-active agents. Thionyl chloride is used as a catalyst for the production of target molecules such as pesticides, dyes, photographic chemicals and pharmaceuticals. Thionyl chloride is a component of lithium-thionyl chloride batteries, where it acts as the positive electrode(cathode) with lithium as the negative electrode (anode). Main demand driver for thionyl chloride is the growth of pesticide sector as well as vinyl sulphone and acid chloride. Viscose dye pigments are frequently used by the dye industries and thionyl chloride is the precursor for the manufacture of viscose dye pigments. The Indian demand for thionyl chloride is around 54,000 tonnes per annum where as the global demand is around 0.5 million tonnes per annum. Thionyl chloride has a good scope owing to its application and cost competitiveness in the domestic market.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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CHLORINATED POLYETHYLENE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Chlorinated polyethylene (CPE) is one kind of high molecule elastic material developed in late years, which is one of the random chloride produced through reaction of polyethylene and chlorine. It is an odorless nontoxic and white or pale yellow powder having a chemical formula (-CH2-CHCl-)n CPE has good aging resistance and stability, perfect weather ability and can have long service life under bad weather conditions, bending and cracked deformation resistance, chemical resistance and organic Solvent resistance, excellent low-temperature resistance and electrical specifications, and superior high filling property, the physical property cannot be changed after adding A lot of filling agent into CPE. CPE is mainly used as impact modifier for PVC or compounded with LDPE or HDPE film to improve toughness. Its films are used as pond liners and for agricultural applications. It is also used for rubber processing industry. It can be solely or cross-blended with other materials to Produce plastic profile shapes, waterproof winding materials, anti-flaming conveyer belts, wire and Cable covers, color bike tires and magnetic adhesive strips of refrigerator. It is a kind of Perfect modifier for hard plastic product and plasticizer of Soft plastic product. CPE products are made by chlorinating polyethylene (PE) to form chlorinated polyethylene (CPE). The production processes of CPE include the aqueous suspension method, the acid phase suspension method, the solid phase method and the solution method. The demand for CPE is driven due to replacement of wood and steel with plastics in manufacturing doors/windows. With the development of PVC plastic profiles for doors and windows, the demand for CPE has grown rapidly. However, the demand growth is likely to be affected to some extent due to the possible replacement of better impact modifiers such as ACR and MBS resins. The global total CPE capacity and output are about 530 000 tonnes per annum and 265 000 tonnes per annum, respectively. CPE is the most widely used impact modifier in the PVC profiles industry. About 80% of CPE is used for PVC modification and about 20% for the production of wires, cables and ABS modification. World consumption of CPE is forecast to grow at an average annual rate of about 4%. CPE is presently not produced in India.
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Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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CELLULOSE ACETATE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Cellulose acetate is a man-made substance that is derived from the naturally occurring organic compound - cellulose. Cellulose is the main structural ingredient of plants, and is usually considered to be the most common organic compound on earth. Cellulose acetate fibres are used for textiles and clothing. Cellulose acetate is also used in filtering and other applications like magnetic computer tape, wound dressings, personal hygiene products, absorbent cloths and wipes, as specialty papers, as filter media, including cigarette filters etc. Such materials are often referred to as “tow”. Cellulose acetate film is also used in photography. Cellulose acetate polymers have some good properties like good toughness, deep gloss, and high transparency with a feel that can be described as “natural”. Commercially, cellulose acetate is made from processed wood pulp. The pulp is processed using acetic anhydride to form acetate flake from which products are made. Coming from wood pulp, means that unlike most man-made fibres, it comes from a renewable resource and is biodegradable. Another technique for producing cellulose acetate involved treating cotton with acetic acid, using sulfuric acid as a catalyst. Cellulose acetate is available in the form of flake, powder, granules of fibre and the flakes, which are non hazardous. Major players profiled in the report include Celanese Corporation, Celanese Acetate, Daicel Chemical Industries, Eastman Chemical Company, Mitsubishi Rayon Company Limited, Primester, Rhodia Acetow GmbH, and SK Chemicals Co. Ltd. Cellulose acetate is a mature product and has experienced a decline in volumes in practically all major world areas except China, Central Europe and Russia during the last several years. New polymers and textiles with enhanced properties have eroded textile fiber applications formerly held by cellulose acetate. It is estimated that the global market will grow at 1 to 2% per year to reach 840,000 to 850,000 tonnes by 2015. The world cellulose acetate fiber market is predominantly controlled by smaller cigarette filter tow manufacturing companies, which are also engaged in the manufacture of textile fibers. There is no production of cellulose acetate in India. Most of the demand is met by imports. Demand for cellulose acetate in all major global markets has matured over the years, while regions such as Russia, Central Europe and China continue to pose large demand for cellulose acetate, largely driven by the growing filter tow market. Healthy growth in the number of smokers in regions such as Eastern and Central Europe, India, China and Latin America is being attributed as a major factor driving growth of tow consumption in these regions. This is directly boosting the cellulose acetate market. Moreover, emergence of newer legislations that demand for lesser emission of nicotine and tar in the smoke are paving way for increased use of filter tows, and the absence of stringent rules and regulations to guide the consumption of cigarettes is further bolstering the demand for cellulose acetate.
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Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (EPDM) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Ethylene Propylene Diene Monomer (M-Class) rubber or Ethylene-propylene rubbers & elastomers (also called EPDM and EPM) continue to be one of the most widely used and fastest growing synthetic rubbers having both specialty and general-purpose applications. The E refers to Ethylene, P to Propylene, D to diene and M refers to its classification in ASTM standard D-1418. The “M” class includes rubbers having a saturated chain of the polymethylene type. The diene(s) currently used in the manufacture of EPDM rubbers are DCPD (dicyclopentadiene), ENB (ethylidene norbornene) and VNB (vinyl norbornene). The ethylene content is around 45% to 75%. The higher the ethylene content the higher the loading possibilities of the polymer, better mixing and extrusion. Peroxide curing these polymers gives a higher crosslink density compared with their amorphous counterpart. The amorphous polymers are also excellent in processing. This is very much influenced by their molecular structure. The dienes, typically comprising between 2.5 wt% up to 12 wt% of the composition serve as crosslinks when curing with sulphur and resin, with peroxide cures the diene (or third monomer) functions as a coagent, which provide resistance to unwanted tackiness, creep or flow during end use.Ethylene-propylene rubbers are valuable for their excellent resistance to heat, oxidation, ozone and weather aging due to their stable, saturated polymer backbone structure. Properly pigmented black and non-black compounds are color stable. Versatility in polymer design and performance has resulted in broad usage in automotive weather-stripping and seals, glass-run channel, radiator, garden and appliance hose, tubing, belts, electrical insulation, roofing membrane, rubber mechanical goods, plastic impact modification, thermoplastic vulcanizates and motor oil additive applications. The solution polymerization process is the most widely used and is highly versatile in making a wide range of polymers. Ethylene, propylene, and catalyst systems are polymerized in an excess of hydrocarbon solvent. Stabilizers and oils, if used, are added directly after polymerization. The solvent and unreacted monomers are then flashed off with hot water or steam, or with mechanical devolatilization. The polymer, which is in crumb form, is dried with dewatering in screens, mechanical presses or drying ovens. The crumb is formed into wrapped bales or extruded into pellets. The high viscosity, crystalline polymers are sold in loosely compacted, friable bales or as pellets. The amorphous polymers grades are typically in solid bales. Major producers and suppliers of EPDM and EPM are Bayer Polymers, Crompton Corp., Exxon-Mobil Chemical Co., DSM Elastomers, Dupont Dow Elastomers, Herdillia, JSR, Kumho Polychem, Mitsui Chemicals, Polimeri Europa, and Sumitomo Chemical Co. Wide ranges of grades are available worldwide to provide solutions to many product requirements. There are three major commercial processes, solution, slurry (suspension) and gas-phase, for manufacturing ethylene-propylene rubbers. The manufacturing systems vary with each of the several producers. There are differences in the product grade slates made by each producer and process, but all are capable of making a variety of EPDM and EPM polymers. The physical forms range from solid to friable bales, pellets and granular forms and oil blends. Ethylene-propylene elastomers are one of the most versatile, fastest growing and interesting synthetic rubber polymers with various end uses.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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