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HEPTALDEHYDE /UNDECYLENIC ACID

Heptaldehyde & undecylenic acid are derivates of castor oil. The chemical formula of heptaldehyde is CH3-(CH2)5-CHO where as the chemical formula of undecylenic acid is CH2 = CH(CH2)8 COOH.Heptaldehyde is 100 % linear chain saturated aldehyde of vegetal origin, processed from castor oil. It is a colourless liquid with a very pungent smell. The boiling point is around 152.8°C and the melting point is around -43.3°C. It can be partially dispersed in hot water, methanol, diethyl ether, n-octanol and very slightly dispersed in cold water. It is partially soluble in methanol, diethyl ether, n-octanol and very slightly soluble in cold water, hot water. Heptaldehyde can be used as a synthesis intermediate in the fragrance and flavors industry. The pyrolytic decomposition of Castor oil yields heptaldehyde and undecylenic acid. The basic derivatives, and are used to manufacture various perfumery compounds, which in turn are used to manufacture perfumes and synthetic flavors. Castor oil, when subjected to pyrolysis or destructive distillation at temperature of over 450° C under vacuum, under goes decomposition to yield mainly Undecylenic acid and Heptaldehyde, in roughly equal quantities ( 28% approx). The presence of water vapor has been found to enhance the yields of both acid and aldehyde. The spongy mass left behind, consisting principally of polymerized Undecylenic acid, which can be used in recovering of some quantity of Undecylenic acid. Esters of Undecylenic acid are used as input for perfumery chemicals. Heptaldehyde is having characteristic Jasmine flavor in it and typically it is also known as Jasmine aldehyde, and it can be converted to Heptanoic acid and Heptanol which are used in manufacture of many perfumery compounds. Application: Heptaldehyde is used to prepare perfumery compounds like Alpha-amyl Cinnamic aldehydes, Heptanoic acid, Methyl-n-heptyl ketone and ester of 3-noninic acid, & Nonylenic acid esters to make 8-n-amylbutyrolactone. Application: Undecylenic acid is used to prepare perfumery compounds like Undecylenic alcohol, Gamma Undecalactone also known as Aldehyde- C-14, Nonylic acid , Nonylic alcohol and nonylic aldehydes, n-decylaldehyde, & Allyl esters of Undecylenic acid. India is one of the leading manufacturers of Flavors and fragrances in the world. These all are natural products, but in developing synthetic flavors and fragrances from castor oil derivatives, India is lagging behind. India, being a world leader in Castor seeds and Castor oil production and processing has edge over other countries like Japan, France and Germany who are importing castor oil and manufacturing these perfumery chemicals for further processing into perfumes and Synthetic flavors. Internationally, Germany, France, Switzerland and Japan are the leading producers of synthetic flavors and fragrances from many natural ingredients, including castor oil derivatives like Undecylenic acid and Heptaldehyde. Though, there is large international market for perfumery chemicals, estimated market in India is approx. 5000 MT. The Global Demand of Flavors and Fragrances is set to increase at a growth rate of around 4% per annum. In the light of this fact, there is good scope for castor oil derivatives in the global and domestic market.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: N/ABreak even: N/A
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POTASSIUM CARBONATE

Potassium carbonate (K2CO3) is a white salt, soluble in water (insoluble in alcohol), which forms a strongly alkaline solution. Potassium Carbonate is a white, deliquesent inorganic compound and its Melting Point 891?C and specific gravity of 2.428 at 19?C. It is soluble in water and insoluble in alcohol. Potassium carbonate is available in Granules and powder form. Application: TV Picture tubes, GLS lamps and ophthalmic glass, Fertilizer Industry, Rubber Chemicals, Pesticide Industry, Drugs and Pharmaceutical Industry, Dyes industries and other Potassium based chemicals. It is also used in the manufacture of soft soaps, inorganic salts, and in dyeing and wool finishing. Potassium Carbonate can be made from caustic potash lye from membrane cell technology with mercury free quality. Potassium carbonate is prepared commercially by the electrolysis of potassium chloride. The resulting potassium hydroxide is then carbonated using carbon dioxide to form potassium carbonate, which is often used to produce other potassium compounds. The chemical industry is a highly versatile segment in the overall industrial economy of India. It is one of the oldest domestic industries in India, contributing significantly to both the industrial and economic growth. The Indian total installed capacity for potassium carbonate is around 18300 tonnes per annum and the Indian demand for potassium carbonate is around 25,000 tonnes per annum. The demand gap is fulfilled by imports. The gap in supply would increase in the coming year if additional capacity would not be built in the country. Coming to Global market, the total production is around 350,000 tonnes per year. With India being an emerging economy with high growth rates and a strong domestic demand the chemical industry in India will be one of the most booming industries in the coming years. Considering the nature of the applications of the product, the demand for Potassium carbonate is likely to go up in tune with the economic and industrial growth of the country.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: N/ABreak even: N/A
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OSSEIN/GELATIN

Gelatin is a pure colorless water-soluble glutinous protein derived from natural sources such as the hides and bones of animals (cattle, pig, fish, and poultry). Gelatin is a nearly complete protein lacking only one essential amino acid-tryptophan. It is free of fat, cholesterol and preservatives. Gelatin is considered GRAS, Generally Recognized as Safe, according the FDA. Ossein is the organic matter of animal bones that are rich in collagen. Generally hydrochloric acid is used in extracting ossein from bones and ossein is used for the production of gelatin. The largest use of gelatin is in the food industry, primarily in candies, desserts and dairy products. Gelatin has many physical characteristics that make it suitable for food applications. These characteristics are its melt-in-the-mouth feel, its ability to form thermo reversible gels, and its clarity and bland flavor. Another use of gelatin is in the pharmaceutical industry for hard and soft capsule manufacture, health supplements and micro-encapsulation. Gelatin protects the active pharmaceutical ingredients from exposure to air, light and moisture. Gelatin is also used in the manufacture of photographic products where it’s uniquely suited for the preparation of silver emulsions. There are also a myriad of other applications that use gelatin such as millinery, industrial products, art supplies and scientific research. Gelatin is available in a granular, powder or leaf form. Leaf gelatin is mainly used in culinary applications. Gelatin is produced through a series of processing steps that include demineralization, hydrolysis, extraction, evaporation, purification, drying and blending. Depending on the raw materials used, processing can take anywhere from two weeks to two months. Demand for gelatin is largely driven by the application in soft and hard gelatine capsules. Gelatin capsules are used as oral dosage form in pharmaceutical and neutraceutical feed. The Indian demand is around 12500 tonnes both for the Pharmaceutical and neutraceutical sector (for gelatine capsules) including tablet coating and Food, edible and technical sector. The global demand for gelatine is around 315000 tonnes per annum with a growth rate of around 2% per annum. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field to create new capacities.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: N/ABreak even: N/A
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ASEPTIC PAPER

Aseptic packaging systems have fundamentally changed the handling of sensitive liquid foods. Distribution and storage no longer require refrigeration, with the result that the shelf life of the package contents is considerably extended. The need for aseptic packaging is rapidly increasing and the system has proved to be invaluable in the distribution of milk and other products. Today, two thirds of Tetra Pak packages are aseptic. Aseptic packaging systems have played a vital role in providing people all over the world with essential nourishment. Aseptic packaging can be defined as the filling of a commercially sterile product into a sterile container under aseptic conditions and hermetically sealing the containers so that reinfection is prevented. This results in a product, which is shelf-stable at ambient conditions. The term “aseptic” is derived from the Greek word septicos which means the absence of putrefactive micro-organisms. Aseptic paper comprises of liquid paper board (type of paper) and four or five layers of low-density polyethylene and one thin layer of aluminum foil. The structure of aseptic paper is made by extrusion and laminating machines that combine the paper with the other layers of plastic and aluminium foil. Generally, liquid paper board represents 75% of the total weight of the package. Aluminium foil accounts for 5% of the total weight and polyethylene layer accounts for 20% of the total weight. In practice, generally there are two specific fields of application of Aseptic packaging technology: Packaging of pre-sterilized and sterile products. Examples are milk and dairy products, puddings, desserts, fruit and vegetable juices, soups, sauces, and products with particulates. The second is packaging of non-sterile product to avoid infection by micro-organisms. Examples of this application include fermented dairy products like yoghurt. The demand for aseptic liquid foods is growing, especially in Asia and in Eastern Europe and South America. The fastest growth rate in the emerging markets is particularly China. Aseptic packaging technology will be oriented to high-tech integration, high reliability and high speed and extend its applications to a diversity of industrial sectors. On the other hand, as an important approach to achieve technology advancement in the beverage industry, aseptic cold filling technology will see a rapid growth. The demand is increasing for new aseptic fillers of bottles, paper, and plastic for added value dairy products, both ambient and chilled. Lower total costs of operation and increased system flexibility are the main benefits of aseptic packaging to filling companies. The most rapidly growing application is for plastic pouches and continued growth of around 15% per year is forecast upto 2013 for plastic pouches. Much of this growth will be in China, although there will be an increased use of the pack type in other developing markets. The average annual growth rate (AAGR) for aseptic packaging in the coming year 2013 in packs will be around 5.9% per annum. The leading producers of aseptic paper are Tetrapak, followed by SIG Combibloc and Elopak. The market structure is highly concentrated with the above three organizations (Tetrapak, Combibloc and Elopak). These three units account for almost all liquid carton packaging board demand in the European Economic Association (EEA). Thus aseptic packaging is very well accepted in food service applications worldwide as a safe and high-quality packaging option.
Plant capacity: ---Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: N/ABreak even: N/A
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BORON TRIFLUORIDE

Boron trifluoride is the chemical compound with the formula BF3. This pungent colourless toxic gas forms white fumes in moist air. Boron Trifluoride (BF3) is one of the strongest Lewis acids (or electron pair acceptors) known and, therefore, finds broad application as an acidic catalyst for organic synthesis reactions. As an electron acceptor, BF3 readily reacts with chemicals containing Oxygen, Nitrogen, Sulfur, and other electron pair donors to form addition or coordination compounds. It is soluble in concentrated nitric acid, benzene, dichlorobenzene, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, carbon disulfide. Anhydrous boron trifluoride has a normal boiling temperature of -100.3 C and a critical temperature of -12.3 C, so that it can be stored as a refrigerated liquid only between those temperatures. BF3 should be stored in gas cylinders away from heat in a ventilated place. Application: because of its potency as a lewis acid and its greater resistance to hydrolysis compared to other boron trihalides, boron trifluoride is widely used as a catalyst for organic synthesis reactions such as in polymerization of olefins or diolefins, vinyl ethers or esters, terpenes or derivatives, unsaturated acids or esters, heterocyclic unsaturated organics e.g., indene, coumarone, etc., styrene or derivatives with isoprene, butadiene, 1, 3-pentadiene, etc. in alkylation of aromatic hydrocarbons, phenols with olefins, phenols with alcohols, in isomerization of paraffins, unsaturated hydrocarbons, in synthesis of acetals and ketals, indoles, steroids and intermediates, alpha – methoxymercurials, hydroxy fatty acids etc. It also aids in cyclization of natural and synthetic elastomers, disproportionation of isoparaffins. It can be used as a reagent for desulfurizing solvents and intermediates, desulfurizing cracked petroleum distillated, separating xylene isomers, absorbing water of nitration etc. It is also used in metallurgy, as flux and antioxidant. Boron Trifluoride is prepared by a two-stage process reaction of boron containing material and a fluorine containing substance in the presence of an acid. The traditional raw material used is borax, fluorspar and sulphuric acid. The Indian production level is around 2400 tonnes per annum. Boron Trifluoride is used extensively as a catalyst in such diverse operations as isomerization, alkylation, polymerization, esterfication, condensation, cyclization, hydration dehydration, sulfonation, desulfurization nitration, halogenation oxidation and acylation. While BF3 would continue to remain relevant in their application areas, the growth in demand are unlikely to be significant in the immediate future, in view of the substitution possibilities for boron trifluoride, which is considered to be a toxic product.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: N/ABreak even: N/A
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POLY TETRA FLUORO ETHYLENE (PTFE)

Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) is a synthetic fluoropolymer of tetrafluoroethylene. It is known by the trade name as Teflon. Polytetrafluoroethylene, or PTFE, is made of a carbon backbone chain, and each carbon has two fluorine atoms attached to it. Polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) shows a remarkable chemical resistance and it is insoluble in all known solvents. It is attacked only by molten alkali metals and by fluorine at high temperatures. PTFE is incombustible and may be used up to 260°C (300°C for short periods). PTFE's coefficient of friction is extremely low and it shows the effect of self lubrication with constant mechanical properties which makes it particularly suitable for bearings, joints, O-rings, stirring bars, hazardous materials bottle pourers, syringes, crucibles, evaporating dishes etc. PTFE may be shaped by compression and sintering into bottles and beakers where its chemical stability and non-wettability make it suitable for use in extreme circumstances. It has an excellent resistance (no attack) to dilute and concentrated acids, alcohols, aldehydes, bases, esters, aliphatic, aromatic and halogenated hydrocarbons, ketones, mineral oils, vegetable oils and oxidizing agents. PTFE is used as a non-stick coating for pans and other cookware. It is very non-reactive, partly because of the strength of carbon–fluorine bonds, and so it is often used in containers and pipe work for reactive and corrosive chemicals. Where used as a lubricant, PTFE reduces friction, wear, and energy consumption of machinery. PTFE is also used to treat carpets and fabrics to make them stain resistant. It can be used for making artificial body parts which is useful in medical applications. PTFE has varied uses in moulding and lining, in manufacture of bearings, compression rings, compressors, unsintered tapes and autoclave valves, seals and joints. PTFE is made from the monomer tetrafluoroethylene by free radical vinyl polymerization. The Indian demand for PTFE is around 3000 tonnes per annum and the Indian production is around 2250 tonnes per annum. The growth rate in demand through 2015 will be around 9 to 10% per annum. The global production for last year was 140,000 tonnes per annum and there is a good demand of this product all over the world due to its varied application. According to the present situation, new capacity creation can be thought of by new entrepreneurs.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: N/ABreak even: N/A
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CITRIC ACID

Citric acid or 2-hydroxy-1, 2, 3-propanetricarboxylic acid, HO 2 CCH 2 C (OH) (CO 2 H) CH 2 CO 2 H, is a weak organic carboxylic acid. Citric acid is a white crystalline powder. It can exist either in an anhydrous (water-free) form or as a monohydrate. The anhydrous form crystallizes from hot water, whereas the monohydrate forms when citric acid is crystallized from cold water. The monohydrate can be converted to the anhydrous form by heating above 78°C. Citric acid also dissolves in absolute (anhydrous) ethanol (76 parts of citric acid per 100 parts of ethanol) at 15°C. Citric acid exists in greater than trace amounts in a variety of fruits and vegetables, most notably citrus fruits. Citric acid is found in many citrus fruits: pineapples, gooseberries, limes, plums, lemons, peaches, oranges, and grapefruit. Lemons and limes have particularly high concentrations of the acid; it can constitute as much as 8% of the dry weight of these fruits (about 47 g/L in the juices). Citric acid is a natural preservative and is also used to add an acidic, or sour, taste to foods and soft drinks. It is used in soft drinks and in laxatives, bacterial inhabitant, pH adjustment, and as an anti oxidant and cathartics. Its salts, the citrates, have many uses, e.g., ferric ammonium citrate is used in making blueprint paper. Sour salt, used in cooking, is citric acid. Citric acid is employed in pharmaceutical preparations as an acidulant and to enhance the flavour of syrups, solutions and elixirs. Citric acid can also be used to dissolve hard water deposits from shower doors, to remove mild rust stains, remove tarnish from brass and copper and to remove spots and yellowing/browning on carpets and rugs. Citric Acid is available in granular and fine granular particle size. The major industrial route for citric acid used today is fermentation method that is cultures of Aspergillus niger are fed on sucrose to produce citric acid. After the mold is filtered out of the resulting solution, citric acid is isolated by precipitating it with lime (calcium hydroxide) to yield calcium citrate salt, from which citric acid is regenerated by treatment with sulfuric acid. Alternatively, citric acid is sometimes isolated from the fermentation broth by liquid-liquid extraction with a hydrocarbon solution of the organic base trilaurylamine, followed by re-extraction from the organic solution by water. It is also produced from fermentation from molasses. The Indian demand is around 37000tonnes. The present import of citric acid is around 35000 tonnes. The projected demand for citric acid according to analyst is around 44000tonnes by the end of 2013-2014. The global production is around 1.75 million metric tonnes per annum. Taking into account the present demand supply scenario for domestic and global, price trends, new capacities can be created by entrepreneurs.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: N/ABreak even: N/A
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POTASSIUM PERMANGANATE

Potassium permanganate is an inorganic chemical compound with the formula KMnO4. It is a strong oxidizing agent. As an oxidant, potassium permanganate can act as an antiseptic in water treatment. A primary use of permanganate is iron and manganese removal. The other major application of KMnO4 is as a reagent for the synthesis of organic compounds like ascorbic acid, chloramphenicol, saccharin, isonicotinic acid, and pyrazinoic acid. It is also used in fruit ripening process. The Indian demand for potassium permanganate is around 8300 metric tonnes per annum. The global production of potassium permanganate is around 0.2 million tonnes per annum. Municipal consumption for drinking and wastewater treatment remains the primary use for potassium permanganate and accounts for about three quarters of current U.S. demand. The growth rate in demand for potassium permanganate is around 2% per annum. At industrial level Potassium permanganate is made from MnO2 containing ore by fusion process using the roasting processes and liquid-phase process. Potassium permanganate is produced from manganese dioxide, which also occurs as the mineral pyrolusite. The MnO2 is fused with potassium hydroxide and heated in air or with potassium nitrate (a source of oxygen). This process gives potassium manganate, which upon electrolytic oxidation in alkaline solution gives potassium permanganate. There is a very good scope and market potential of Potassium permanganate due to its multivarious applications.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: N/ABreak even: N/A
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CHLORINATED PARAFFIN WAX

The term chlorinated paraffins is usually taken to encompass a wide range of liquids and solids from C10 to >C24 and containing 30-72% chlorine content. It is a Colourless to amber or yellow viscous liquid. Properties (including ecotoxicology) differ significantly across this range and for this reason, they are best considered in three separate groups. 1) The C10-13 liquid products from 40-72% C12 content. 2) The C14-17, C18-20 and chlorinated paraffin wax liquids from 40-60% C12 content. 3) The powder chlorinated paraffin waxes of >69% C12 content CPs has very low vapour pressure with the most volatile (C10-13 types) < 10-3 mbar. They are chemically very stable but dehydrochlorinate on heating at high temperatures (or for prolonged periods). Dehydrochlorination also occurs on prolonged exposure to light. The largest application for chlorinated paraffins is as a plasticizer, generally in conjunction with primary plasticizers such as certain phthalates in flexible PVC. The use of chlorinated paraffins in PVC imparts a number of technical benefits, of which the most significant is the enhancement of flame-retardant properties. This is particularly of benefit in PVC flooring and cables. Chlorinated paraffins are also used as plasticizers in paint, sealants and adhesives where the main advantages over alternatives are their inertness and the enhancement of flame-retardant properties. Higher chlorine content grades are used as flame-retardants in a wide range of rubbers and polymer systems, where they are often used in preference to phosphate and bromine-based additives. The other major outlet for chlorinated paraffins is in the formulation of metalworking lubricants where they have long been recognized as one of the most effective extreme pressure additives for lubricants used in a wide range of machining and engineering operations. In all of these applications, there is a long history of safe use and some major customers have been using chlorinated paraffins for over 50 years. The Indian installed capacity for CPW is around 0.195 million tonnes per annum There are a number of producers of CPW in India both in the organized and unorganized sector. The production of CPW of various grades is around 0.135 million tonnes per annum. The demand for CPW would be largely driven by the performance of the end user sector. The Indian demand including export demand from the period April 2010 to March 2011 is around 145000 metric tonnes per annum. The total world production of chlorinated paraffins is approximately 300,000 tonnes per year. The range of chlorinated paraffins available is generally grouped into a number of distinct 'families', depending on the chain-length of the feedstock, i.e.: Short-chain: based on C10-13 paraffin; medium-chain: based on C14-17 paraffin; long-chain: based on C18-20 (liquids), C>20 (liquids) and C20 wax grades (average carbon chain length approximately C25) Liquid grades of chlorinated paraffin are produced from each of these feedstock types. The solid grades (with 70-72% chlorine content) are made from a wax feedstock. Chlorinated paraffins are manufactured by the chlorination of n-paraffin or paraffin wax, normally in a batch process. The reaction is exothermic and leads to the generation of the by-product hydrochloric acid. After removing residual traces of acid, a stabiliser is added to produce finished batches. Chlorinated paraffins, which contain 30-70% chlorine, are largely inert and almost insoluble in water. Paraffins have extremely low vapour pressure. Most commercial chlorinated paraffin products are liquid and range from relatively low to extremely high viscosity. There are also solid types which have longer carbon chain lengths and usually contain 70-72% chlorine. Increasing the chlorine content, results in products with higher viscosity and density. Chlorinated paraffins are capable of mixing with many organic solvents such as aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, chlorinated solvents, ketones and esters. Major producers:INEOS Chlor, Caffaro, Química del Cinca, Leuna Tenside and Novácke Chemické Závody in the EU; Dover Chemicals in North America; NCP Exports in South Africa; Orica in Australia. There are numerous other producers in Asia, principally in India, China, Taiwan (Handy) and Japan (Tosoh). There is a very good scope and market potential for this product both in domestic and global market.
Plant capacity: 30 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 11 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 279 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 1056 Lakhs
Return: 51.00%Break even: 34.00%
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FORMIC ACID

Formic acid is a clear, colourless, mobile liquid with a pungent odour. It is highly corrosive and a moderate fire hazard. Formic acid is mainly used in pharmaceutical, pesticide, leather, textile, rubber, steel, paper, food industry etc. Most applications require concentrations of 85% (the industry standard and most common), 90%, 94% or 98-99%, which accounts for 28% of world demand. The largest use, accounting for about 19% of global demand, is as a silage additive in Europe, while almost 15% of global demand is as a preservative in animal feed. Formic acid is used in various stages of leather and textile processing and in natural rubber manufacturing. Formic acid products are widely used in biomaterial preservation and as antibiotics replacers in industrial animal feed. Due to its acidic and reducing reactions formic acid is an important chemical building block in the chemical and pharmaceutical industries. It is used for acidity control and cleaning in processes where lowest environmental impact is sought and no residues allowed. Formic acid is the simplest organic acid, present in large quantities in animal and plant life. It is a clear liquid with a sharp acidic smell. It decomposes easily in the environment into carbon oxides and water. It is manufactured from carbon monoxide and water. The global demand is around 0.5 million metric tonnes per annum. Global demand growth is forecast at 3.4%/year to 2011. The overall growth rate would be slightly ahead of GDP around 3 to 4% per annum. Regionally, consumption will rise by 4.6%/year in Asia-Pacific, 3.5%/year in Africa and Asia/Middle East, 3%/year in the Americas, 2.6%/year in western Europe and 1.9%/year in Japan. Worldwide, 38 000 tonne/year of new capacity will come onstream within the next four years. Leather sector can be the thrust area for growth. Most applications require formic acid in concentrations of 85%, 90%, 94% or 99%. The Indian demand for the period Apr. 2010 to Mar 2011 is around 27,000 tonnes. The major producers are Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers Ltd.,Mumbai & Gujarat Narmada Valley Fertilizers Co. Ltd.,Gujarat. There is ample space and good scope for this product due to its multivarious end users. New entrepreneurs should think of capacity creation in this field.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: N/ABreak even: N/A
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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