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Each detailed project reports cover all the aspects of business, from analysing the market, confirming availability of various necessities such as plant & machinery, raw materials to forecasting the financial requirements. The scope of the report includes assessing market potential, negotiating with collaborators, investment decision making, corporate diversification planning etc. in a very planned manner by formulating detailed manufacturing techniques and forecasting financial aspects by estimating the cost of raw material, formulating the cash flow statement, projecting the balance sheet etc.

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Dairy farming and dairy products (Pasteurised Milk, Butter, Ghee, Paneer and Butter Milk)- Cattle Breeding Farm, Fodder, Livestock Farming, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study

Every body use milk and milk products. A dairy is a place for handling milk and milk products. Technology refers to the application of scientific knowledge for purposes. Dairy technology has been defined as that branch of dairy science which deals with the processing of milk and the manufacture of milk products on an industrial scale. Milk is used as a food. Used as a complete food of infant. It is used in all homes. It is used in hotels and restaurants as milk food preparation and in the preparation of tea. If we compare India position w.r.t. other milk producing countries, of the world, we find that India has 53.0 million animals in milk, within buffalo milk/annum per buffalo-450kg (average) and total milk production = 2, 13, 60,000 MT/Year. So there is very good scope for new entrepreneurs.
Plant capacity: Farming 200 Cows, 5000 Ltrs/Day, Processed Milk 34000 Lts/DayPlant & machinery: 594 Lacs
Working capital: 440 LacsT.C.I: 1866 Lacs
Return: 58.00%Break even: 34.00%
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Growing Prospects for Packaged Drinking Water Industry - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Cost of Project

Water everywhere, not a CLEAN drop to drink! Who would have thought that there will be a day when sanitation of available water would be more of a concern than availability of water itself? Hygiene is of great concern to everyone today, and this is evident with the surging rise in the consumption of packaged/bottled water. India has 16 percent of the world's population, 2.5 percent of the land mass and 4 percent of the world's water resources. These limited water resources are depleting rapidly while the demands on them are increasing. Drinking water supplies in many parts of India are intermittent. Transmission and distribution networks for water are generally old and badly maintained, and as a result, are deteriorating. India is one of the biggest and most attractive water markets in the world. The boom time for Indian bottled water industry is to continue- more so because the economics are sound, the bottom line is fat and the Indian government hardly cares for what happens to the nation's water resources. Corporate control over water and water distribution in India is growing rapidly: the packaged water business is worth $250 million, and it's growing at a huge 40-50% annually. Around 1,200 bottling plants and 100 brands of packaged water across the country are battling over the market, overdrawing groundwater, and robbing local communities of their water resources and livelihoods. Most multinational (MNC) companies view India as the next big market with a lot of potential and growth possibility. Several MNCs are waiting in the wings to expand a $ 287 billion global water market into India. There is a huge market being exploited by the packaged water industry, and it's growing at 40% per annum. With over a thousand bottled water producers, the Indian bottled water industry is big by even international standards. There are more than 200 brands, nearly 80 per cent of which are local. Most of the small-scale producers sell non-branded products and serve small markets. In fact, making bottled water is today a cottage industry in the country. There is investment worthy mid-cap companies in this segment. From being confined to the uppermost echelons of society, packaged water has now become a commonplace commodity and almost a necessity in metros. After witnessing historic growth in recent years, it has become a Rs 3,000-crore industry, one that is slated to only post healthy growth rates to become a Rs 10,000-crore business in just three years, The bulk water industry, or water in 12-, 20- and 25-litre packages, has also witnessed a parallel growth of Rs 700-1,000 crore. Basically, the market can be divided into two segments — the retail consumer market where the pack sizes are 500 ml, one litre, 1.2/1.5/2-litre and five-litre, and the household and institutional market, where the pack size is usually are 20- or 25-litre. The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the governing authority on all quality and production regulations related to natural mineral water as well as packaged drinking water. The all-India market for packaged water is between $145 million (Rs. 8 billion) and $21 million (Rs. 10 billion) and is growing at the rate of nearly 40 per cent per annum. Even though it accounts for only 5 percent of the total beverage market in India, branded bottled water is the fastest growing industry in the beverage sector. While the single largest share in the mineral water market might still belong to an Indian brand -- Parle's $52 million (Rs. 2.5 billion) Bisleri brand has a 40 percent share -- multinational corporations are not far behind. Nestle and Danone are vying to purchase Bisleri, and Pepsi's Aquafina and Coke's Kinley brands have been extremely successful in edging out many of the small and medium players to buy-outs and exclusive licensing deals. In less than two years since its launch, Aquafina has cornered 11 percent of the market and Kinley has almost a third of the market. News reports indicate that other MNCs like Unilever are also eying the market. DEMAND OF WATER WOULD NEVER GO DOWN & WATER WOULD NEVER BE OUT OF BUSINESS
Plant capacity: 30,000 Thousand Nos./Annum or 1,00,000 Bottles /dayPlant & machinery: Rs. 105 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 282 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 63.00%
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WASTE TYRE PYROLYSIS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

With the phenomenal increase in number of automobiles in India during recent years the demand of tyres as original equipment and as replacement has also increased. As every new tyre produced is destined to go to waste stream for disposal or recycling or reclamation, despite its passage through retreading process, the number of used tyres being discarded is going to increase significantly. Timely action regarding recycling of used tyres is necessary in view to solve the problem of disposal of used tyres keeping in view the increasing cost of raw material, resource constraints and environmental problems including fire and health hazards associated with the stockpiles of the used tyres. The world generates about 1.5 billion waste tyres annually, 40 percent of them in emerging markets such as China, India, South America, Southeast Asia, South Africa and Eastern Europe. In India, all new vehicles have radial tyres, so now there are piles of radial tyres here. Analysis indicates that 0.6 Million Tons of tyres scrap is generated in the country annually. It is commonly accepted in the tyre industry that about one tyre per person per year is discarded. Since there is no industry group or governmental agency that monitors tyre disposal in the country, the best estimates that can be made are based on tyre production. So supply situation of scrap tyres is only going to improve in years to come as a result of growing vehicle population in India. Mandatory scrapping of all ELV (End of Life Vehicles), in metros by 2010-11 and across India by 2012-13 is also likely to ensure large scale availability of scrap tyres at select locations there by encouraging organized players. The management of scrap tyres has become a growing problem in recent years. Scrap tyres represent one of several special wastes that are difficult for municipalities to handle. Whole tyres are difficult to landfill because they tend to float to the surface. These stockpiles are also direct loss of energy and resources in addition to fire & health hazard and other environmental issues. The main constituent of a tyre is rubber and the largest single application of rubber is vehicle tyres. Also the requirement of tyre is directly related to growth of automobile. The production of automobiles is forecast to continue to rise and is indicative of buoyant economic conditions for tyre industry, but at the same time guarantee and annual discarded scrap tyre volume growing at the same rate as new tyre manufacture. Waste represents a threat to the environment and human health if not handled or disposed of properly. According to this hierarchy, the priority of any country should be to extract the maximum practical benefits from products and prevent and minimize the waste that is generated. Thus, strategies for waste disposal should focus on waste prevention and minimization through the ‘3 Rs’ - Reduce, Reuse and Recycle. Gasification/Pyrolysis are two related forms of thermal treatment where Waste materials are heated to high temperatures with limited oxygen availability. Tyre to Energy Alternatives Tyres have a fuel value of 12,000 to 16,000 Btu per pound, slightly higher than that of coal. With existing technology, tyre combustion can meet environmental requirements. Combustion facilities currently using tyres as fuel include: Power plants, Tyre manufacturing plants, Cement kilns, Pulp and paper plants & Small package steam generators etc. Waste Tyre Pyrolysis: Pyrolysis of tyres involves the application of heat to produce chemical changes and derive various products such as carbon black, fuel oil, steel wires and combustible gases. The history of tyre pyrolysis projects to date indicates that the problems blocking them have been technical and economic. These include the problems of upgrading the carbon black by-product while keeping down the operating cost of the process and the capital cost of the plant. Recently, there has been a technical advance in char upgrading which have helped tyre pyrolysis economically feasible. Given below is the Input to Output ratio: Input Material: Waste Tyre Input : 1000 Kgs Output - 450 lit of Industrial Fuel oil - 125 Kg of Petroleum Gas - 330 Kg of Carbon Black - Up to 110 Kg of Steel wires Output is fuel oil which is mixture of petrol, diesel and kerosene. This Fuel oil can be directly used in boilers, generators, thermic fluid heaters, hot air generators, hot water generators, Furnace etc. Economics A preliminary cost analysis for a proposed tyre reprocessing unit is done on the following formula which is used to evaluate process economics. The process is highly profitable even for a small to larger unit capacity. The following formula is used to evaluate the process economics: P=F+R-C-T-S-D Where P is the profit, F is the tipping fee collected for tyre disposal, R is the revenue received from the sale of products, C is the processing cost of transportation of tyres, S is the cost of tyre cutting or shredding, and D is the cost of disposal of waste products. A small unit for tyre pyrolysis can cost from Rs 3.5 Crores to Rs 4.0 Crores depending on the capacity of the unit. This capital cost of investment will increase as the capacity of the unit increases. Conclusion Tyres should be utilized to minimize environmental impact and maximize conservation of natural resources. The management of scrap tyres has become a growing problem in recent years. But the pyrolysis technology has a great potential for using a major portion of scrap tyres generated each year, and actually reducing the tyre stockpiles that is in other words to convert waste stream of tyres into marketable products. Waste tyre pyrolysis has indeed identified existing and potential source reduction and utilization methods which will be effective in solving the tyre problem in the coming years.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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EMU BIRDS (Farming, Breeding & Meat Production) - Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

EMU (Dromaius novaehollandiae) bird belong to ratite group has high economic value for their meat, eggs, oil, skin and feathers. Meat from emu is of high quality in terms of low fat, low cholesterol, gamey flavour. These birds are adoptable to varied climatic conditions. Although emu and ostrich were introduced in India, emu farming has gained much importance. Emu and ostrich features, management of these birds during chick, growing, fattening, breeding and non-breeding stages were covered. Care and hatching of eggs, nutrient requirements, healthcare and products of emu and ostrich were also covered. Economics of emu rearing with reference to the cost of maintaining breeders cost of production of eggs and chick are covered. Commercial aspects of rearing emu has picked up in India in a big way as it promises a long-term return as compared to the initial investment. Emu bird farming is basically just like poultry. The way we look after poultry, cattle farming or goat farming, it is a similar kind of farming which is flourishing in India. As the rearing of Emu birds has increased several fold over the years, several enterprising farmers have come together to open units for separating the various products of the bird and make them available in the market in good quantities. There are several organizations making more efforts to spread awareness of the many health benefits of consuming Emu meat and using its oil. Valued cuts are from thigh and larger muscle of drum or lower leg. Emu skin is fine and strong. Leg skin is of distinctive pattern hence highly valued. Emu fat is rendered to produce oil, which has dietary, therapeutic (anti inflammatory) and cosmetic value. The country's first commercial emu farm was started in 1996 by an NRI named Mutiyala but it soon closed down. Mutiyala left for the US within months of starting his project because of the poor response. The reason for the growth of emu farms today is the increasing demand for the bird's meat and oil, which is believed to have medicinal properties, especially for treating joint pains and also high economic value for their eggs, skin and feathers. Far from its native habitat in Australia, the flightless emu is leaving its footprint across the plains of India, with an increasing number of farmers commercially rearing the ostrich-size bird. From a single farm in 1996, there are today more than 900 emu farms in 14 states, with a majority of them in Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra. Emu (Dromaius novaehollandiae) and ostrich (Struthio camelus) are reared commercially in many parts of the world for their meat, oil, skin and feathers, which are of high economic value. The anatomical and physiological features of these birds appear to be suitable for temperate and tropical climatic conditions. These birds can be well maintained on extensive (ranches) and semi intensive rearing systems with reasonably high fibrous diets. United State, Australia and China are leading in emu and of America ostrich farming. Emu and ostrich were introduced recently into India. Compared to ostrich, emu rearing is picking up. The Emu rearing is a promising source of considerable revenue and employment generation where the farmers would be able to sustain if a ready market was created by way of opening slaughter and processing units right here. The growth in Emu rearing would further indirectly boost the development of maize and soya crops. Emu birds are well adapted to Indian climatic conditions. Although emu farming is economical so far none of the farmers have entered in to the marketing of emu products. Emu business can bring handsome profit in both domestic and international market in the long run. EMU farming is a complementary to agriculture and is going to be the most profitable business in the near future. Emu farming offers great scope and potential because of its supplementary income, additional employment and simplicity in operation EMU farming in India is a huge business scheme with an enormous growth potential. New entrepreneurs should venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Simran Emu Farm & Hatchery, Sami’s Rearing and Farming Raman Gujral Aditya Emu Farm Queen Emu Farms Private Limited Platinum Emu Farms Sri Ramachandra Emu Farm House Ganesh Emu Farm VSP Emu Farm J.P. Emu Farm Sree Bakawathe Emu Farm Umrigar Emu Farm Rangrej Emu Farm Gurukrupa Emu Farm Aditya Emu Farm RK Emu Farm Rangrej Emu Farm Tirumala EMU Farm Siva Naga Emu Farm Golden Emu Farms Private Limited Haryana Emu Farms Sri Krishna Emu Farms Private Limited Lalitha Emu Farms The Golden Birds Poultry Farm NS Agro Farm & Hatchery Sumukha Farms V. R. 3 Emu Farms & Hatchery Unit Susi Emu Farms India Private Limited Rangrej Emu Farms Madhus EMU Farms Sri Palayathamman Emu Farms
Plant capacity: Meat 20,000 Kgs., EMU Chick 5000 Nos., EMU Oil 4000 Kgs., Eggs 20,000 Nos. /AnnumPlant & machinery: 44 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 759 Lakhs
Return: 40.00%Break even: 34.00%
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SORBITOL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Sorbitol, a polyol (sugar alcohol), is a bulk sweetener. Sorbitol is produced either from starch hydrolysates, from dextrose syrup, or from dextrose monohydrate. It is a water soluble polyhydric alcohol, having sweet taste and high stability besides properties of humectancy and plasticizing. Sorbitol is about 60 percent as sweet as sucrose with one-third fewer calories. It finds a wide range of application such as oral care, cosmetics, pharma, paints, etc. Sorbitol also combines well with other food ingredients such as sugars, gelling agents, proteins and vegetable fats. It functions well in many food products such as chewing gums, candies, frozen desserts, cookies, cakes, icings and fillings. It is used to manufacture toothpaste, tonics/liquid pharmaceutical formulations, cosmetic products like face creams and lotions, etc. It has a smooth mouthfeel with a sweet, cool and pleasant taste. It is non-cariogenic and may be useful to people with diabetes. In pharmaceutical sector it finds application in vitamin syrups, cough syrups, tablet compounding and many others. A newly developing outlet for sorbitol is its use in producing clarifying agents for polypropylene. Clarifying agents enable polypropylene to substitute for higher cost polymers in food packaging, drinking cups and housewares. Sorbitol meant for other applications, be it food, hygiene products or pharmaceuticals, can be of the "non-crystallizing" type and is produced from starch hydrolysates. Sorbitol is produced either from starch hydrolysates, from dextrose syrup, or from dextrose monohydrate. Sorbitol is manufactured by reaction with hydrogen gas with high pressure hydrogenation of 50% aqueous dextrose solution at 140 to 165 Deg C in 3 to 4 hours with Raney nickel catalyst, using promoters such as salts of magnesium, nickel, molybdenum, iron etc. Generally dextrose is produced in house from Starch by enzymatic process The Indian demand is around 90000 tonnes per annum. In India, Sorbitol is produced only as 70% solution and the operating capacity is around 125900 tonnes per annum. The global demand is around 1.6 million tonnes per annum (both liquid and crystalline) with a growth rate of around 3% per annum. Major Manufacturers • Anil Products Ltd.,Ahmedabad • Gulshan Polyols (Gulshan Sugars & Chemicals Ltd.,) Delhi • Maize Products,Ahmedabad • Gujarat Ambuja Proteins Ltd. Ahmedabad • Sukhjit Starch Chemicals, Punjab • Kasyap Sweetners Ltd., Madhya Pradesh • Roquette America, Inc.US • Atanor S.A.USA • Coyne Chemical,USA • Habib Arkady Ltd.,Pakistan • Mudanjiang Pharmaceutical Group Co. Ltd.China • Pt Sumi Asih Oleochemical Industry,China • Shanghai Haohua Chemical Co., Ltd.Shanghai,China Sorbitol’s good taste, reduced caloric value, versatility and other advantages facilitate its use in a wide variety of products. With the increasing demand for products reduced in calories or fat, sorbitol’s use should increase as well. Considering the application potentials of sorbitol and the feasibility of exploiting the export opportunities, creation of new capacity for Sorbitol can be considered in the country.
Plant capacity: 40.0 Tonnes/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 31 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 91 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 151 Lakhs
Return: 56.65%Break even: 44.17%
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MANNITOL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Mannitol is a polyol (sugar alcohol) widely used in the food and pharmaceutical industries because of its unique functional properties. Mannitol is the generic name for a Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved drug used as an osmotic diuretic and a mild renal vasodilator. Mannitol is typically administered intravenously, but can also be taken orally, depending on the purpose. Intravenously, it is used to treat excessive intracranial pressure, oliguria, and to expand openings in the blood-brain barrier. Orally, mannitol is used a sweetening agent in confections for people with diabetes and, in higher concentrations, as a laxative for children. It is also used as an anti-caking & free flow agent. Mannitol is non-cariogenic and has a low caloric content. Mannitol occurs as an odorless, sweet-tasting, white, crystalline powder with a melting range of 165° - 168° and a pKa of 3.4. One gram is sol¬uble in about 5.5 ml of water (at 25°) and it is very slightly soluble in alcohol. It is an isomer of sorbitol and is typically produced today by the hydrogenation of specialty glucose syrups. Mannitol is commercially available in variety of powder and granular forms. Mannitol is used as the dust that coats chewing gum, where it keeps the gum from absorbing moisture and getting sticky. This is due to its humectant (moisture trapping) properties, and very low hydroscopicity (does not attract moisture from the air). Mannitol is mostly produced in parallel to the sorbitol production and in fact, it is a co-product along with sorbitol. While sorbitol production is followed from starch, mannitol can be produced using sugar as base material. Commercially, D-Mannitol is obtained by the reduction of invert sugar. Mannitol is not presently produced in the country. It is imported from outside. The demand growth rate is around 7 to 8% per annum. The present Indian demand was around 2100 tonnes per annum for the last year. Currently, there are over a dozen units engaged in manufacture of intravenous fluids in the country with combined capacity of more than 1000 million bottles per annum. The Indian demand for IV fluids is around 500 million bottles per annum. Coming to global demand it is around 60000 tonnes per annum. The demand for mannitol is likely to go up steadily in the coming years, in view of the expected growth of the healthcare. As there is no production of mannitol at present in India, there is an ample space for new entrepreneurs to venture into this sector.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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PHENOL/ACETONE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economic

Phenol and acetone are two basic chemicals to manufacture derivative products which eventually become essential ingredients in numerous beneficial products that consumers use every day. Phenol also known as carbolic acid is an organic compound that contains a six-membered aromatic ring, bonded directly to a hydroxyl group. It is produced on a large scale as a precursor to many materials and useful compounds. Pure phenol is a white crystalline solid, smelling of disinfectant. It has to be handled with great care because it causes immediate white blistering to the skin. The crystals are often rather wet and discolored. There is a large commercial importance of Phenol and many methods have been developed for its production. The main route being practiced presently involves the partial oxidation of cumene (isopropylbenzene) via the Hock rearrangement. The main chemical intermediates and derivatives of phenol are bisphenol-A (BPA), which is used to make polycarbonate (PC) and epoxy resins, phenolic resins, caprolactam, alkylphenols, aniline and adipic acid. The largest market for phenol is BPA which has been driven by the strong growth in polycarbonate resins. The driving force in polycarbonate demand had been growth in optical media such as compact discs (CDs), CD-ROMs, recordable CDs and digital versatile discs (DVDs). BPA’s other main derivative is epoxy resins which are used in high performance coatings, electrical-electronic laminates, adhesives, flooring and paving applications, and composites. The economic downturn will have impacted epoxy resin markets but long term growth is expected to be 5%/year globally. The second largest outlet for phenol is phenolic resins which are largely used as durable binders and adhesives in structural wood panels and as binders in mineral wool insulation. They have a wide spectrum of uses in the automotive and construction industries including brake linings, foundry binders, insulation foams and composites. Caprolactam is the next largest consumer of phenol and is used mainly to make nylon 6 fibres, engineering resins and film. It is also used to make adhesives, paint, rubber, ink, dyes, perfume and soap. Several pharmaceutical products such as antiseptics, topical anaesthetics, throat lozenges and ear drops also contain phenol, as well as disinfectants. It is used in dermatology for chemical face peeling. According to Michael Foeste, phenol product manager at Mitsui & Co Deutschland, worldwide phenol growth is expected to return to around 5%/year through to 2015. Total demand will reach 10.6m tonnes by 2015. On the other hand, acetone (CH3COCH3) is a water-white, highly combustible liquid with a boiling point of 56°C (133° F). It is an organic compound which is miscible with water and serves as an important solvent in its own right, typically as the solvent of choice for cleaning purposes in the laboratory. The two main uses for acetone are in the manufacture of methyl methacrylate (MMA) and bisphenol-A (BPA). The largest use for acetone is in the manufacture of acetone cyanohydrin, which is a precursor to MMA and methacrylic acid. An important derivative of MMA is polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) which is used to make acrylic products: cast and extruded sheet, acrylic mouldings and extrusion compounds. The Indian installed capacity for phenol is around 86000 metric tonnes per annum and the installed capacity for acetone is 51600 metric tonnes per annum. The Indian demand for phenol was around 177000 per annum last year. The projected demand supply gap for phenol is around 152600 metric tonnes per annum in 2014-2015. In a similar way the Indian installed capacity for acetone is around 50,000 metric tonnes per annum and the installed capacity for acetone is 51600 metric tonnes per annum. The Indian demand for acetone was around 117500 per annum two years back. The projected demand supply gap for acetone is around 67500 metric tonnes per annum in 2014-2015. Hence new capacities have to be created to meet the new demand. There is an ample space and growth potential for phenol and acetone. New entrepreneurs should venture into this segment.
Plant capacity: ---Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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MODIFIED STARCH - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Starches are modified to enhance their performance in different applications. Starches may be modified to increase their stability against excessive heat, acid, shear, time, cooling, or freezing; to change their texture; to decrease or increase their viscosity; to lengthen or shorten gelatinization time; or to increase their viscostability. Modified starches, starch derivatives, are prepared by physically, enzymatically, or chemically treating native starch, thereby changing the properties of the starch. Modified starches are used in practically all starch applications, such as in food products as a thickening agent, stabilizer or emulsifier; in pharmaceuticals as a disintegrater; or in paper as a binder .Carboxymethyl starch is used as an additive in oil drilling mud. Starches, especially modified starches, are also used as glues in cardboard manufacturing. Starches such as Gum Arabic and Gum Tragacanth are used as the glue for stamps and postal envelopes. They are also used in many other applications. The major Application Sector of modified starches is paper, oil drilling, textile, food / pharmaceutical, etc. Thus starch can be used in numerous possible functional application areas, including adhesion, antistaling, binding, clouding, dusting, emulsion stabilization, encapsulation, flowing aid, foam strengthening, gelling, glazing, moisture retention, molding, shaping, stabilizing and thickening. There are many types of important modified starch. To name a few some of them are physically modified starch, chemically modified starch and enzymatically modified starch. Starches can be modified in several ways to change their function as additives in products. They can be cross-linked, where the chains get stuck together into a mesh. They can be heated to break the long chains down into simpler molecules like dextrin, polydextrin, and maltodextrin. These are simply short starches. Starches can have hydrogen replaced by something else, such as a carboxymethyl group, making carboxymethyl starch. Some Indian manufacturers Gujarat Ambuja Proteins Ltd, Ahmedabad Sahyadri Starch & Chemicals (P) Ltd., Bangalore Tirupati Starch & Chem Ltd., Indore SPA Starch & Chemicals, Mumbai Karandikars Cashell Pvt. Ltd, Mumbai Universal Starch & Chemicals Ltd, Maharashtra The growth rate in demand for Starch/Modified starch is likely to be in tune with the performance and growth rate of downstream sector in the coming years. The Indian demand for the last financial year was around 75000tonnes per annum. The global production of starch is around 37 million tonnes per annum and the global demand is around 4 million tonnes per annum for modified starch. A number of potential applications of modified starch have not been exploited to a large extent. For example, modified starch can be used in various food applications as instant noodles, ham sausages, flavouring, frozen foods, beverages, ice-cream etc. Modified starch also can find application in biodegradable plastics and bioplastics, which is used in packaging, agricultural films, disposable cutlery. There is good potential for modified starch in food applications and prospects for growth seem bright. New entrepreneurs have a very good scope for exploration into such segments.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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ACETONITRILE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Acetonitrile is a chemical compound with formula CH3CN. This colourless liquid is the simplest organic nitrile. This liquid has an odour of aromatic, ether-like. The toxicity of acetonitrile is relatively low, compared to hydrogen cyanide or acrylonitrile. It is produced mainly as a byproduct from the manufacture of acrylonitrile. It is mainly used as a polar aprotic solvent in purification of butadiene. In the laboratory, it is used as a medium-polarity solvent that is miscible with water and has a convenient liquid range. With a dipole moment of 3.84 D, acetonitrile dissolves a wide range of ionic and nonpolar compounds and is useful as a mobile phase in HPLC and LCMS. Acetonitrile is a good solvent, since it’s fairly powerful at dissolving things with a reasonable low-boiling point. Acetonitrile or water mixtures are ubiquitous in analytical and prep-sized chromatography systems. A lot of acetonitrile comes as a byproduct of acrylonitrile production, which is used in a lot of industrial resins and plastics. It is widely used in battery applications because of its relatively high dielectric constant and ability to dissolve electrolytes. For similar reasons it is a popular solvent in cyclic voltammetry. Its low viscosity and low chemical reactivity make it a popular choice for liquid chromatography. Acetonitrile plays a significant role as the dominant solvent used in the manufacture of DNA oligonucleotides from monomers. Industrially, it is used as a solvent for the manufacture of pharmaceuticals, photographic film and in some testing procedures. Acetonitrile is produced as coproduct in the production of acrylonitrile by propylene ammoxidation – Sohio Process. The dominant route for the production of acrylonitrile is the one-step propylene ammoxidation process that replaces the original acetylene-based technology. Propylene, ammonia and air are reacted in a fluidised bed reactor to produce ACN with acetonitrile and hydrogen cyanide as by- products. Acetonitrile is produced as crude product.Acetonitrile is commercially available in the following grades that are chemical grade, reagent grade, and high purity grade. All producers of acrylonitrile by ammoxidation of propylene also produce acetonitrile as co-product. An acrylonitrile plant yields 2 to 4 litres of acetonitrile for every 100 litres of acrylonitrile produced. Only a few of the acrylonitrile producers effectively isolate and refine acetonitrile at their own facility for sale to the merchant market. Acetonitrile is also produced by organic synthesis. The demand for acetonitrile would be driven by its application in the organic synthesis and as solvent in the pharmaceutical industry. The global production of acetonitrile is around 73,500 tonnes per annum. In India, acetonitrile is produced by Reliance Industries as co product in the production of acrylonitrile. The Indian demand for acetonitrile is largely met by imports. The present import of acetonitrile is around 7500 tonnes per annum. Global Producer Asahi Kasei Chemicals Corporation, Kanagawa, Japan Reliance Industries Ltd, India Qilu Petrochemical Corporation, China Dalian Synco Chemical Co. Ltd., China Ineos Nitriles, Green Lake, Texas, USA Shanghai Secco Petrochemical Co., Ltd, Shanghai, China There is a great scope and market potential for this product and capacity addition can be created in India owing to its high demand.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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2-PROPYL HEPTANOL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Propylheptanol is a mixture of isomeric decyl alcohols: 2-propylheptanol, 4-methyl-2-propylhexanol and 5-methyl-2-propylhexanol. It is a clear and colorless, high boiling liquid with a mild characteristic odor. It is miscible with most common organic solvents but has very low water solubility. Phthalate esters prepared from this alcohol offer a number of advantages for flexible PVC applications, such as low volatility in vinyl for automotive products, long-term property retention, and excellent outdoor performance properties. The performance properties of phthalic acid esters can be modified for an advantageous cost/benefit position by varying the alcohol moiety of the ester molecule in the practical range of C4–C13 and by specifying the linearity of the alcohol main chain. The C8, C9, and C10 alcohols produce esters of most value as PVC plasticizers. Applications: The main application for propyl heptanol is as a starting material for the production of plasticizers for PVC that is to say it is predominately used as alchol component in plasticizer manufacturing. It is mainly used for the production of plasticizers for wire and cable, outdoor, automotive interior and general purpose applications, as well as for surfactants and other chemical intermediates. Plasticised PVC based on 2-propyl heptanol is used for applications such as cable insulation, tarpaulin fabrics, elastic floor coverings, and in various automobile parts. Due to the increasing technical and environmental requirements for plasticised PVC applications, the high-molecular-weight plasticisers, which are based on C9 or C10 alcohols such as 2-propyl heptanol with its ten carbon atoms, are particularly in high demand. These plasticisers are remarkable for their excellent low-temperature properties and low volatility and are extremely versatile. Most plasticizer alcohols are produced by the oxonation process from primary olefins, of which ethylene, propylene, and butene are the major refinery products available on a world scale at costs acceptable to the application. Propylheptanol can be stored in tanks and drums constructed from normal carbon steel. Propylheptanol can be stored for at least one year at temperatures below 40 °C, if moisture is excluded. The demand for plasticised PVC is about 12 million tonnes per year with an annual growth rate of 4%. The highest demand for plasticisers comes from Asia and Europe. Due to the versatile and cost-effective nature of PVC, worldwide future growth is expected to increase by 3% to 4% annually. Coming to India, there is no production of 2-propyl heptanol at present in the country. The Indian requirements are met by imports and the present Indian import is around 1000 tonnes per annum. New entrepreneurs can create new capacity for this product in India owing to its major applications.
Plant capacity: ----Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. Its various services are: Pre-feasibility study, New Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Preparation of Project Profiles and Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Studies, Market Surveys and Studies, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Reports, Identification and Selection of Plant and Machinery, Manufacturing Process and or Equipment required, General Guidance, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial projects and industry.

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