Essential Oils, Phytochemicals, Aromatic Chemicals, Aromatic Compounds, Spice Oils and Oleoresins

Essential oils are liquids that are generally distilled (most frequently by steam or water) from the leaves, stems, flowers, bark, roots, or other elements of a plant. Most essential oils are clear, but some oils such as patchouli, orange and lemongrass are amber or yellow in color. Essential oils contain the true essence of the plant it was derived from. The chemical composition and aroma of essential oils can provide valuable psychological and physical therapeutic benefits.

Spice derivatives include spice oils, spice oleoresins and essential oils that are put to various uses in different industries. Spice oils and oleoresins form an important part in our foods. The oleoresins present are the 'true essence of the spice' and consists of the volatile essential oil and the nonvolatile resinous fraction containing total flavour of the spice. Oleoresin can replace whole of ground spice in food and flavour formulations without spoiling any flavour characteristics. It has great advantages as compared to spices. Hence oleoresins are largely used for flavoring of food particularly by large scale food processing and flavoring industries like meat canning, sauces, soft drinks, pharmaceutical preparations, perfumery and soap, tobacco, confectionery and bakery. The demand of spice oils and oleoresins in the developed countries is increasing day by day as more and more spicy snacks are being introduced by fast food chains with standardized tastes. The spice oils and oleoresins are specially suitable for such snacks in that they can be used very conveniently (without any handling of the raw spice like ginger, chilli, onion, etc.) and producing a standardized effect on taste. This is the reason practically all plants in India, numbering to more than twenty five per cent exporting their products to these nations. The demand is increasing and more and more plants are being commissioned for 100% export. Spice derivatives are widely used in pharmaceutical industry, beverage industry, food processing industry and chemical industry.

The industrial sector consumed 55 per cent of the total usage of spices and herbs. The retail sector consumed 35 per cent of the total usage of spices and herbs.
The catering sector consumed 10 per cent of the total usage of spices and herbs. India's spices export has risen by 5% in dollar terms in December 2009 on an annualized basis. During December 2009, export of spices from India has been 29,850 MT valued Rs.408.06 crores (87.50 million US $) as against 31,375 MT valued Rs.404.89 crores (83.25 million US $) in December 2008. During December 2009, the spices, which have shown substantial increase in export, are Cardamom (Small), Chilli, Garlic, Nutmeg& Mace, Curry Powder and Spice oils and oleoresins, according to Spices board.

During April-December 2009, a total quantity of 358,205 MT of spices valued Rs.3953.74 crores (825.55 million US $) has been exported from India as against 366,100 MT valued Rs.4116.31 crores (926.95 million US $) during April-December 2008. Compared to last year, the export has shown a decline of 2% in volume, 4% in rupee value and 11% in dollar terms. The decline in spices export, which was in the range of 20% to 25% during the first two quarters of the financial year, has now come down to 2% to 4% as compared to the corresponding period of last year. The major spices exported during the period are Chilli, Mint Products, Spice oils & oleoresins, Cumin, Turmeric, Pepper and Coriander. The Spice oils & oleoresins including mint products contributed 34% of the total export earnings. Chilli contributed 23% followed by Cumin 10% and Turmeric 7%.

During April-December 2009, the export of Cardamom Small, Celery, Garlic, Nutmeg & Mace, Curry Powder, Other seeds and Misc. spices are higher in terms of both quantity and value as compared to the same period of last year. However, export of spices viz. Pepper, Cardamom (Large), Cumin, Fennel, Fenugreek, Vanilla, Mint Products and Spice Oils & Oleoresins have shown decline both in terms of quantity and value as compared to last year.

Coming to the perfumes and fragrances sector, market for perfumes and fragrances, as perceived in western parlance, is of a recent origin. The perfumes and fragrances market had remained confined to small quantities of scents, eau de colognes, deodorants and after shave lotions. Presently there are some 500 companies in the fragrance industry, for the small volumes, a little too many. The small scale sector is dominating the market. The unorganized market could be four times the size of the organized market.

The growth in demand for perfumes and fragrances over the last 15 years has been phenomenal. From a very small demand of 950 tonnes in 1990-91, it grew to 12,500 tonnes in 2000-01. The market for the product is estimated to have expanded by over 50% in three years to 18,300 tonnes in 2003-04. It is further expected to grow to 26,650 tonnes in 2006-07 and to 36,400 tonnes in 2009-10.

The organized sector is dominated mainly by the multinationals. The unorganized sector, with hundreds of units producing a large number of domestic concoctions, caters to the high upper-middle tier of the market for low price-end of products. The share of the small and informal sector is estimated at about one-third of the total market.

The Indian Spice oils and oleoresins industry is engaged in continuous innovation and upgradation of process and products to meet the new global demand.

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Ginger Oil - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Ginger is one of the most important and oldest of spices used in every food preparation. It has a warm pungent taste and a pleasant odor hence it is widely used for flavouring in various food preparation and beverages, ginger bread, soups, pickles and soft drinks. The oil is contained chiefly in the epidermal tissue; so unpeeled ginger has much appeal for distillation than peeled ginger. Cochin and Calicut (in India) produces the finest grade with the most delicate aroma and taste. For the extraction and distillation of this oil, both fresh green ginger used for the preparation of candied ginger (in sugar syrup) and dried or cured ginger applied as spice are used. Fresh ginger is sometimes used in the preparation of ginger wine or used as beverage in some countries. There are also various uses of dried ginger. It is a well accepted fact that India is the largest producer of ginger in the world, exporting in three forms ? fresh (green), pickled or processed and dry. There is a large market for both fresh and dried ginger. The main application of ginger oil are confectionery beverages and baked products. There is also a minor outlet for the perfumery industry. There is good potential for entrepreneurs in this field.
Plant capacity: 10 Kgs/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 6 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 19 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 42 Lakhs
Return: 90.72%Break even: 31.63%
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Spice (Chilli) Oleoresin - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

India is world?s largest producer and consumer of spices and chilli. A huge amount of spices is also exported all over the world. Oleoresins of spices consist of essential oils that impart aroma and resins that impart taste. supercritical technology is state of the art technology which can be applied to extract oleoresins from spices & chillis. The taste efficiency of oleoresin is more than 100%. that means extract from a chilli will impart more taste than the chilli itself. there is a very good demand of the product in domestic as well as international market, and the demand is expected to rise greatly in future.
Plant capacity: 50 Kg/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 47.54 Lacs
Working capital: Rs. 72.54 LacsT.C.I: Rs. 100 Lacs
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Essential Oil From Lily, Mogra, Nishigandha - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

The application of essential oils are very extensive and cover a wide range of human activities. A few important uses are in the manufacture of soaps, cosmetics, perfume, confectioneries, perfumes, chewing delicacies aerated water and syrups. Besides perfumery application they are also used in pharmaceutical industry because of their antiseptic, carminatium varied from 0.5% to 1.5%. A vital pre requisite for successful marketing for these products is a thorough understanding of the channels and procedures by which the product pass from distillers/manufacturers to end users. This is an important as awareness of the size and breakdown of the market. There is need for new producer to establish and maintain, as early as possible.
Plant capacity: 5.0 Litres/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 7 Lacs
Working capital: Rs. 11 LacsT.C.I: Rs. 29.00 Lacs
Return: 72.62%Break even: 33.08%
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Essential Oil from Flowers (Rose Oil) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Roses are cultivated in public and private horticultural gardens and nurseries throughout the country. A few scented varieties are cultivated on a small scale in U.P. for manufacture of rose water, gulkand and rose attar. The colour of rose oil is pale yellow, green or red transparent with a mild sweet taste and strong odour. Rose oils are in constant use as components of a wide range of flowers and fancy perfumes and many are found in cosmetics. Since the natural rose is highly costly compared to synthetic rose oil, the natural oil is being replaced by synthetic oils. The main use of natural rose oil is in perfume spray industry, toilet soap industry, talcum powder industry, agarbatti industry. U.P. exports about 60 % to overseas market and 40 % is sold indigenously. The largest buyers of scented agarbattis are USA, Nigeria, Singapore, S. Arabia, Kuwait, France, UAE and Yemen Republic. Cosmetics and toiletry have been an important part of every person?s life, rich or poor. Hence these products always have users and their demand is ever increasing. Any entrepreneur can invest in this field with a mind on export.
Plant capacity: 500 ML/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 16 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs. 91 Lakhs
Return: 43.00%Break even: 41.00%
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Herbal Natural Essential Oil (Super Critical Liquid Carbon Dioxide Process) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Cost of Project

Herbs like pudina, Palmrosa, citronella etc. can be easily used for the steam distillation process for the distillation of essential oil, but tube rosa, rose can not be used for steam distillation process since by steam temperature it break down its entity and oil loss its property. Liquid carbon dioxide supercritical process can be applied in all cases. Though it is a costlier process, but the product comes out in pure form and yield is much more higher than steam distillation. Essential oils has very good domestic as well as export market. It is advisable for new entrepreneur to set up in this field.
Plant capacity: 51 Kgs/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 76 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 67 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 190 Lakhs
Return: 15.48%Break even: 69.75%
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Essential Oil from Rose Flowers - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost & Revenue

The essential oil of roses is not obtained directly from the distillate. Rose water collected during the distillation is placed in shallow earthern or metallic vessel and exposed to the cold of the night air in the open, protected from dust with clean muslin cloth. Rose oils are in constant use as component of awide range of flower and fancy perfumes and several of them are to be found in every cosmetics. The main use of natural rose oil is found in perfume spray industry, toilet soap, Talcum powder and agarbati industry. Rose oil is produced in India in large quantities mainly in U.P. state. It exports 60% products to overseas market and 40% is indigenously sold. So there is good export market potential. Any entrepreneur can may come this field and get profit.
Plant capacity: 400 ml/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 8 Lacs
Working capital: Rs. 4 LacsT.C.I: Rs. 29 Lacs
Return: 28.21%Break even: 60.76%
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Patchouli Oil - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Patchouli oil is an essential oil, which is produced from the botanical source of plant name Pagosternum cablin. It is extracted from parchouli leaves as raw material by using solvent extraction or super critical carbon dioxide extraction process. There is very good demand of this product. Indian demand is being fulfilled by import. As a whole good prospect is there for this product and one can enter in this field.
Plant capacity: 50 Kg /DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 21 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 21 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 80 Lakhs
Return: 43.77%Break even: 62.99%
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Menthol Oil , Clove Oil & Citronella Oil - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Menthol, Spearmint Oil, Citrate oil and Basil oil from Northern India found roads in to other countries. Menthol has got wide range of applications ranging from perfumery, cigarettes, liquors, as a horning agent in chewing gum and number of pharmaceutical formulations. The oil obtained by the relatively simple process of steam distillation belong to the chemical class of plant product variably retuned to as essential, volatile or ethereal oils, whose chemical composition consists almost entirely of hydrocarbon and oxygenated compounds known as terpenoids. The product has good domestic as well as export demand. New entrepreneurs can enter in this field.
Plant capacity: 300 Kgs./DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 21 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 27 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 90 Lakhs
Return: 74.00%Break even: 22.92%
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CURCUMIN FROM TURMERIC - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Turmeric (Curcuma longa) is native to Asia and India. The tuberous rhizomes or underground stems of turmeric are used from antiquity as condiments, a dye and as an aromatic stimulant in several medicines. Turmeric is a very important spice in India, which produces nearly the whole worlds crop and uses 80% of it. Presently, it is cultivated in China, Taiwan, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Australia, Africa, Peru and the West Indies. Turmeric usage dates back nearly 4000 years, to the Vedic culture in India, when turmeric was the principal spice and also of religious significance. It is much revered by Hindus and associated with fertility. In todays India, turmeric is still added to nearly every dish be it meat or vegetables. Turmeric has been used in Indian systems of medicine for a long time. It is listed in an Assyrian herbal dating from about 600 BC and is also mentioned by Dioscorides. In Malaysia, a paste of turmeric is spread on the mothers abdomen and on the umbilical cord after childbirth, not only to warn off evil spirits, but also for its medicinal value. Both the East and the West have held its medicinal properties in high regard. Rhizomes are the used plant part. Fresh turmeric leaves are used in some regions of Indonesia as flavouring. In fresh state, the rootstock has a aromatic and spicy fragrance, which by drying gives way to a more medicinal aroma. On storing, the smell rather quickly changes to earthy and unpleasant. Similarly, the colour of ground turmeric tends to fade if the spice is stored too long. It is called Indian saffron because of its orange yellow colour. In some languages, the names of turmeric just mean yellow root; English turmeric derives from the (now obsolete) French terre merite (Latin terra merita, meritorious earth), probably because ground turmeric resembles mineral pigments (ocher). The genus name Curcuma is of the same origin, being a Latinization of Arabic kurkum meaning saffron. Botany Turmeric is a herbaceous perennial with a rhizome from which arises tufts of large, broad, lanceolate, bright green leaves acute at both ends. The plant grows up to 60 to 90 cm high. Leafy shoots are erect bearing 6 10 leaves with the leaf sheath forming a pseudostem. The ligule is a small lobe (1mm long). The sheath near the ligule has ciliate margins. The inflorescence is a cylindrical spike, 10 55 cm long, 5 7 cm wide and terminal on the leafy shoot. The flowers are yellow or pale yellow, borne in a spike. They arise from two buds situated in the axils of bracts and mature successively. Bracts are greenish white; the uppermost tinged with pink. The bracteoles are thin and elliptic. The calyx is short, unequally toothed and split nearly half way down on one side. The corolla is tubular at the base and the upper half s cup shaped. There are two lateral staminodes. The lip or labellum is obovate. The ovary is inferior and trilocular with a slender style held by anther lobes and passing between them. Fruits are seldom. The primary tuber at the base of the aerial stem is ellipsoidal bearing many rhizomes; straight or little curved, with secondary branches in two rows and further tertiary branches, the whole forming a dense clump. Rhizomes have a distinctive taste and smell, brownish and scaly outside and the inside is bright orange in colour. The roots are fleshy, often ending in a swollen starchy tuber. Culinary use Turmeric is a very unique and versatile natural plant product combining the properties of (a) a spice or flavourant, (b) a colourant of brilliant yellow dye, (3) a cosmetic and (4) a drug. It is mainly a spice that the colouring properties are usually more important than its flavour attributes. Turmeric is the major ingredient in curries and curry powders, contributing flavour as well as the characteristic yellow colour. Medicinal use Traditionally turmeric is being used in Indian System of medicine. It has several medicinal properties like stomachic, carnivative, tonic, blood purifier, vermicide and antiseptic. The active constituent of turmeric, curcumin, has been shown to have a wide range of therapeutic effects. Because it is a strong antioxidant, it protects against free radical damage. Curcumin has also been shown to have a marked anti inflammatory effect. It accomplishes by reducing histamine levels and possibly by increasing production of natural cortisone by the adrenal glands. Curcumin also protects the liver from a number of toxic compounds. It has also been shown to reduce platelets from clumping together, which improves circulation and helps protect against atherosclerosis. There are numerous studies showing cancer preventing effect of curcumin; which may be due to its powerful antioxidant activity in the body. Anticancer properties of turmeric are recently reported. Other use In cosmetics also turmeric has a major role. It is an inexpensive and indigeneous beauty aid. Considerable quantities of turmeric powder are converted as kumkum used for tilak by Indian & Smearing with turmeric paste cleans skin and beautifies it. Its antiseptic and healing properties prevent and cure pimples. Curcumin Curcumin is a phytochemical found in Turmeric (Curcuma longa) Condiment Turmeric is a yellow spice used to make some curry dishes. Antioxidant The active principle of turmeric is curcumin, one of the most potent antioxidants available. Curcumin, an active constituent of turmeric, protects against free radical damage because it is a strong antioxidant. Future Prospects The demand of spice oils and oleoresins in the developed countries is increasing day by day as more and more spicy snacks are being introduced by fast food chains with standardised tastes. The spice oils and oleoresins are specially suitable for such snacks in that they can be used very conveniently (without any handling of the raw spice like ginger, chilli, onion, etc.) and producing a standardised effect on taste. This is the reason practically all plants in India, numbering to more than twenty five are cent percent exporting their products to these nations. The demand is increasing and more and more plants are being commissioned for 100% export. The margins are high with the spice oil prices ranging between US $ 30 to 100 per Kg. made from equivalent raw material components of about US $ 1 to 5.
Plant capacity: 40.00 Kgs/DayPlant & machinery: 105 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 4 Crores
Return: 43.00%Break even: 40.00%
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Black Pepper Oil - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

The trade distinguishes between two principal types of pepper, viz., the black and the white both derived from the same plant piper nigrum L. (fam. Piperaceae), a climbing or trailing vine – like shrub native to southern India. Black pepper is the dried whole unripe fruit of this plant. Pepper is one of the most important and oldest spices. Oil of pepper is valuable adjunct in the flavouring of sausages canned meats, soups, table sauces and certain beverages and liquors. The oil is used also in perfumery, particularly in bouquets of the oriental type, to which in imparts spicy notes difficult to identify. There are few in organized and few in unorganized sectors engaged in the manufacturing of spice oils with black pepper oil. Most of the production of India is exported to European countries and Japan. About 30% - 50% of the products used by the hotel industries and food industries. This is also used in the cosmetic industries. It can also be estimated that the rate of production growth may touch about 10% per annum. On that base it can be predicted that there is bright scope for few new entrepreneurs. You can well venture in this project. There is a very good scope for new industry in this field
Plant capacity: 45000 Kg/AnnumPlant & machinery: 55 Lacs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 148 Lacs
Return: 45.00%Break even: 69.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
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  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
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