Dye and Pigment Intermediates, Acid Dyes, Basic Dyes, Dye Intermediates

A dye which is a colored substance has an affinity to the substrate to which it is being applied. The dye is generally applied in an aqueous solution, and may require a mordant to improve the fastness of the dye on the fiber. On the other hand, pigment is a coloring matter, usually in the form of an insoluble powder that is mixed with oil, water, etc. to make paint. The pigment lays on the surface and becomes part of the dry film. Dyes like acid dye, basic dye, mordant dye, vat dyes, reactive dyes etc are all used in textile industry for different purposes.

The dyestuffs industry has nearly 1000 units manufacturing dyes, dyestuffs and pigments with a capacity to produce 75,000 to 80,000 tonnes per annum of textile dyes and organic pigments. The capacity for production of pigments is estimated to be 40,000 tpa, half of which is in the small scale sector.  The number of units is the largest in a single country worldwide and is a case of too little being produced by too many. In this large spread of units, there are only about 146 units in the organized sector with an installed capacity of 58,700 tpa, covering over 75% of the total installed capacity in the country.  Of these, 40 are fairly large in size. In terms of production, the organized sector contributes about two-thirds.

The total market is estimated at over Rs 50 billion, of which, the market for organic pigments is estimated at Rs 3 billion. The market in quantitative terms is made up of basic dyes, azo acid and direct dyes; disperse dyes, fast colour bases, reactive dyes, sulphur dyes, vat dyes, organic pigments, naphthols, optical brightners and others. Nearly 80,000 tonnes of the materials are imported and a quarter of the domestic production is exported annually. The overall market is expanding at around 6.5% as of now.  The dye markets are mostly dominated by reactive and disperse dyes. The demand for reactive and disperse dyes is expected to grow in future as these two dyes are dominant in all the regions.

Globally, China, Taiwan, India, Japan, Korea and Pakistan are the major dyestuff producing countries in the Industry. In terms of market share, Europe is the leading producer due to its allegiance towards specialty products and the countries in Europe have remained the largest players owing to specialty products.

The industry has a blend of Indian enterprise and the MILLIONCs existing side by side. Atul Products, Sudarshan Chemical Industries, Jaysynth Dyechem, Mardia Chemicals and several others have secured a niche in the market place among the Indian enterprises. The million companies have also come to play a dominant role such as IDI (formerly ICI), Ciba Speciality Chemicals (India), Clariant India.

The industry experts are of the view that those capable of consolidation and achieving critical mass have the inherent strength to win. The companies with global reach and backed by technology with resources to strengthen R&D,  are expected to march ahead. Others are likely to fade away as market demands ever new solutions.

India exports mainly to US, Europe and the far East. Exports from India make for 4% to 5% of global trade in dyes and pigments. The comparative advantage of cheap labour, intelligent manpower, well qualified pool of scientists and grasp of technology are expected to open up new vistas for the industry on the export front. World demand for dyes and organic pigments is forecast to grow at around 6.5%.

The future of dye and dyestuff, a part of chemical industry has good prospects in the coming years owing to its high demand.The growth of dye sector in the future will continues to depend on the performance of end user industries like paints, textiles, printing inks, paper, plastics and foodstuffs. The changing customer preferences, boom and expansion of infrastructure in India will create new market opportunities for the dye industry.

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Non-Formal Dye Fixing Agent (Natural) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

There are lot of chemicals used as dye fixing agent. It may be formal or non-formal based. Manufacturing of non-formal dye fixing agent is not a high technology based product. The product can be manufactured on large scale, small even on tiny scale. Due to increasing of textile market about 15 % rapid demand of polyester, for colouring the polyester dye fixing agent is required. On that basis it can be predicted that the market growth of dye fixing agent is15 %. A new entrepreneur can enter in this field will be successful.
Plant capacity: 500 Kgs/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 61 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 55 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 165 Lakhs
Return: 23.03%Break even: 63.63%
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Beta-Naphthol - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Beta-Naphthol is the most important dye-intermediate which is employed in the manufacture of other prominent intermediates, which in turn are used commercially in the production of a large number of dyes and fine chemicals. It is colourless crystalline solid and it is soluble in alkali but sparingly soluble in water. It is manufactured by sulphonation of naphthalene to naphthalene sulphonic acid. The demand of b-naphthol is increasing day by day. There is good scope for new investment. It has good domestic market potential as well as export potential. So there is any entrepreneur can install of b-Naphthol units.
Plant capacity: 10 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 125 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 648 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 843 Lakhs
Return: 33.65%Break even: 56.35%
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Pigment Binders for Textile Printing - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Pigment printed textiles represent the highest percentage of all printed textiles. This is primarily due to the uncomplicated process and low cost of imparting colour patterns to textiles with pigment system. The water insoluble pigment used in most cases as an aqueous dispersion has no affinity to textile fibers and is not able to enter into chemical or physical reactions with the fiber. For bonding of pigments to textile on bonding agent generally of a synthetic latex type is incorporated is the print paste, which through its film forming properties holds the embedded pigment firmly on fibre surface. The demand of the product is good and with the rise of growth in textile industry, the product is bound to enjoy increased demand in future.
Plant capacity: 1.5 MT Acrylate Copolymer Based Binder/Day 1.5 MT Styrene/Acrylate Copolymer Binder/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 51.20 Lacs
Working capital: N/AT.C.I: Rs. 55.08 Lacs
Return: 1.00%Break even: 43.73%
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Vat Dyes - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

The vats in general had the reputation of being deficient in both brilliance and tinctorial strength when used as pigments. The major problem with vat dyes is that they are not easily dispersible in the substrate and hence no tinctorial value. It was mainly Harmon colours in the United States. Who did some very valuable pioneering work in this direction. The group of pigments can be further divided into : Anthraquinone, Thioindigo, Perylene-perinone. All these dyes are used for dying cotton, whole and cellulose acetate. Dye have application in textile paper printing ink. Leather paint and food industries. Of these the textile industry is a major consumer of dyestuffs. Companies like Alps Industries are promoting the use of vegetable dyes in the production of home furnishings. As vegetable / herbal dyes are considered very ecofriendly, the home furnishings using herbal dyes are in very high demand. These are highly priced in the niche markets of the US and Europe. This industry can be started by an entrepreneur as it is sure to bring good profits.
Plant capacity: 1040 kg./DayPlant & machinery: 63 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 326 Lakhs
Return: 60.00%Break even: 29.00%
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Dyeing of hank Yarn for Power Loom - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

It is difficult to separate the development of art of dyeing and the development of the synthetic dyestuff industry. Indigo and Alizarine also their methods of application were known the introduction of synthetic equivalents added nothing to the dyer’s technique. Similarly the development of a range of derivatives or the introduction of synthetic reducing agent merely provided the dyers with new tools. Whether this be true or not, it is an excellent illustration of innumerable instances of progress achieved by the chemist’s intelligent development of the dyer’s natural opportunism. It seems clear the chemists explanation of many phenomena is no longer tenable, and it is hoped that the physicists recently acquired interest in textile matters generally may soon give rise to the establishment of a working hypothesis. The physics has brought new methods, such as X-ray analysis to bear upon textile problems and this has already resulted in a considerable clarification of the general theory of dyeing although uncertainty still persists in many aspects. Blended yarn production which comprises mostly polyester cotton and partly polyester viscose is only about 350 million kg. Exports of cotton yarn have traditionally been regulated within a quantitative ceiling fixed on a year to year. There is very good scope for new investment.
Plant capacity: 2 MT/Day Plant & machinery: 6 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 275 Lakhs
Return: 53.00%Break even: 24.00%
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Indigo Dyes - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Dyes are the name given to the chemicals by which a comparatively permanent colour is imparted to certain bodies, of which the most important are the textile fibers. Pigment are mainly used for colouring, paints, printing inks, floor covering, rubber & plastics and include inorganic and organic where as almost dyes are always organic substances used for colouring textiles etc. Today, India is almost self sufficient in its dyestuffs requirements, with 95% of the demand for dyes and intermediates met from local sources. It is good project.
Plant capacity: 200 Kgs/DayPlant & machinery: 23 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 84 Lakhs
Return: 49.00%Break even: 45.00%
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Cotton Yarn Dying - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Through bringing about a permanent union between the dyes and the yarn/fabric the yarns/textile are so colored that the colour is fast and is not ordinary removed by such operation viz. Washing, rubbing, sunlight etc. The died, cotton hank yarn is very useful material ready made garments, bag closing industry, sports goods, umbrella and carpet making, book binding, handloom textile. Thus a new entrepreneur can venture into the production of dyed cotton yarn and he will find it a very lucrative trade. Also the future scope of the dyed cotton yarn is very bright.
Plant capacity: 2000 Kgs/DayPlant & machinery: 236 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 518 Lakhs
Return: 35.00%Break even: 48.00%
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TITANIUM DIOXIDE (ANATASE GRADE) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost & Revenue

The year 1992 will mark the start of the third century since the discovery of Titanium, stated to be the ninth most plentiful element in the earths crest. Metallurgists and engineers have forecasted a very brilliant future for this metal, which represents the most important development in the non-ferrous industry. It is used as white pigment in paints, lacquers, paper, plastics floor covering, welding rod coating and printing inks. It is used in rubber processing industries and auto tyre industries. It is also used in manufacture of other titanium products. Titanium dioxide is one of the most widely discussed industrial project opportunities in the country. Several advantages for the Indian Titanium Dioxide project are well known. India possesses large reserves of ilmenite, which is the raw material for the manufacture of Titanium Dioxide pigment. Large reserves of titanium are available and so India does have potential to make the product internationally competitive and exploit export market. New entrepreneurs can venture into this project.
Plant capacity: 150 MT/DayPlant & machinery: 20 Crore
Working capital: -T.C.I: 85 Crore
Return: 52.00%Break even: 30.00%
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Caramel Color from Sugar - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Caramel color is one of the most widely used colorants in foods. It is also called the color of burnt sugar. It is made by heating food grade carbohydrates, generally a high dextrose-containing starch hydrolysate or corn syrup. It can produce color ranging from light brown to almost black and this color strength is called its tinctorial power (the absorbency at 560 nanometers measured by spectrophotometer). Caramel colour is a colloid. Caramelization is one of the most important types of browning processes in foods, together with Maillard reactions and enzymatic browning. It causes important changes in foods, not only in colour but also in flavour. It is enzymatic browning reaction. It occurs during dry heating and roasting of foods with a high concentration of carbohydrates (sugars) caramels used to colour soft drinks should be negatively charged to prevent reaction with phosphates which causes precipitation and loss of colour. On other hand, caramels used for bakery goods should be positively charged. There is good market demand of caramel colour. New entrepreneurs can well venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 300 MT / AnnumPlant & machinery: 33 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 113 Lakh
Return: 41.00%Break even: 56.00%
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ANILINE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Product Profile Aniline is an organic base used to make dyes, drugs, explosives, plastics, and photographic and rubber chemicals. Aniline is an organic compound with the formula C6H5NH2. Consisting of a phenyl group attached to an amino group, aniline is the prototypical aromatic amine. Being a precursor to many industrial chemicals, its main use is in the manufacture of precursors to polyurethane. Like most volatile amines, it possesses the somewhat unpleasant odour of rotten fish. Aniline is colorless, but it slowly oxidizes and resinifies in air, giving a red-brown tint to aged samples. Product characteristics Aniline when freshly prepared is a colourless oily liquid (b.p. 184°C). It has a characteristic unpleasant odour and is not poisonous in nature. It is soluble in alcohol, ether and benzene. Its colour changes to dark brown on standing. ? Appearance : Colourless to pale yellow liquid Molecular Weight : 93.12 Boiling Point : 184 - 186 oC Melting Point : -6.3 oC (solidifies) Applications The downstream products of aniline are largely used in the pharmaceutical, dyestuff and rubber sectors. Aniline is of importance in the dye industry, being used as the starting substance in the manufacture of many dyes and as an intermediate in the manufacture of many other dyes. Aniline is used predominantely in the production of sulpha drugs. Sulfonation of aniline yields sulfanilic acid which is the parent compound of the sulpha drugs. In the polymer industry, aniline is primarily used for the manufacture of isocyanates to make polyurethanes. Optical whitener can be used in cotton (including hosiery) viscose rayon, linen, detergent, and paper to obtain excellent whitening and brightening effect at low cost. Aniline is used in the manufacture of antioxidants, anti degradants and vulcanization accelerators Market scenario Indian demand is estimated to be 65000 metric tons per annum. The steady increase in demand for aniline in the country calls for capacity creation from time to time in tune with the expanding demand for the product in the country. Global aniline consumption is expected to reach 6.2 million tons by 2015, according to a report by Global Industry Analysts (GIA). Growth will be driven by the increasing demand in methylene diphenyl diisocyanate. Estimated growth rate in demand through 2015 will be 4% per annum. The demand for aniline for the production of various downstream products would continue to grow.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
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  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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