Construction & Building Materials

The construction industry is the second largest industry in India after agriculture. It accounts for about 11% of India’s GDP. It makes significant contribution to the national economy and provides employment to large number of people.Construction constitutes 40% to 50% of India's capital expenditure on projects in various sectors such as highways, roads, railways, energy, airports, irrigation etc.There are mainly three segments in the construction industry like real estate construction which includes residential and commercial construction; infrastructure building which includes roads, railways, power etc; and industrial construction that consists of oil and gas refineries, pipelines, textiles etc.Building material is any material which is used for a construction purpose. Many naturally occurring substances, such as clay, sand, wood and rocks, even twigs and leaves have been used to construct buildings. Apart from naturally occurring materials, many man-made products are in use.

The feasibility of infrastructure projects in ports, roads, airports and railways with private-sector majority ownership is already evident. The government also expects a substantial increase in the share of private sector investments in infrastructure from 19 per cent in the Tenth Plan to around 30 per cent in the Eleventh Plan. The biggest increase in private participation is expected in roads (from 5 per cent to 36), ports (47 per cent to 74 per cent) and railways (less than 1 per cent to 20 per cent). The Planning Commission estimates that the remaining infrastructure investments will be funded by the central and state government. According to a study by ASSOCHAM, the burgeoning Indian construction industry, currently worth $70 billion, will rise to US$120 billion by 2010.

The Commonwealth Games - 2010 in New Delhi have thrown mega opportunities for Building Material Companies, Construction Equipments & Technologies companies. The Govt. of India has permitted FDI up to 100% for development of integrated townships in India last year. India is now the second most favored destination for FDI, behind China. A large and growing middle class population of more than 300 million people, a changing life style, better cost of living etc is growth drivers for this sector.

The Indian construction industry, an integral part of the economyand a conduit for a substantial part of its development investment, is poised for growth on account of industrialization, urbanization, economic development and people's rising expectations for improved quality of living in the coming years.

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Gypsum Plaster Board - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Gypsum board, also known as drywall or plaster board, consists of a core of gypsum surrounded with a paper covering. Several varieties of gypsum board products are available; each is comprised of a specially formulated gypsum plaster mix and facing paper specifically developed for the intended application. These gypsum board products include regular gypsum wallboard, moisture resistant gypsum board, and type X fire resistant gypsum board. Gypsum plaster boards are classified according to their use. Gypsum wall board has a face to which decoration may be applied. There are five types of gypsum board product that are considered standard. Innovation has created several new products now available. • Standard Gypsum Board: Regular core, Flexible board, Type “X” fire resistant, Moisture resistant and Plaster baseboard. • Specialty Gypsum Board: Interior ceiling board, Mold & Moisture resistant, Shaft liner, Abuse resistant and Impact resistant. The compressive strength of hardened gypsum plaster boards depends on the quantity of water used in the paste before setting the strength of the product also depends upon its moisture content in the presence of 1% of moisture the compressive strength decreases to about 40% of that of the dry product because of the increased friction between the crystals. Often no further decrease of strength is observed when the moisture content increases over 1%. The bending strength of Gypsum plaster boards is usually 50% of the compressive strength. Gypsum boards and their related products can be used in a variety of applications. Gypsum board is widely used for internal walls and ceilings by the construction industry, and is a material of growing importance in the do it yourself sector. Gypsum board is also a common fire barrier used in house and general building construction. Commonly gypsum boards used in walls and ceilings, in moist areas, in exterior applications, for fire resistance and area separation and special systems. Gypsum plaster board (GPB) popularly known as gypboard, is a low cost, light weight construction material made from aerated gypsum plaster and produced in varying thicknesses suitable for different applications. Gypsum is an important raw material used in the manufacture of cement. Consumption of gypsum varies from 2 to 6% in different plants depending upon the quality of clinker. India has good reserves of natural gypsum, mainly concentrated in Rajasthan, Gujarat and Tamil Nadu. Besides, a number of chemical industries obtain gypsum as a by product in the form of phospho gypsum. The chemical gypsum can be utilised as a whole or as part substitute to natural gypsum. Many cement plants, which are located near the source of phosphogypsum are using this substitute product.
Plant capacity: 6600 No.s/day Plant & machinery: 192 Lakh
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 551 lakh
Return: 26.11%Break even: 61.30%
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Wall Putty - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Wall Putty is white cement & mineral based putty for use on cement concrete - mortar interior/exterior walls for smoother & stronger adhesion and best suited to minimize paint cost and extend its durability. It is white cement based fine powder which provides an ideal finishing for concrete/cement plastered walls and ceiling. It provides an ideal base for painting. Also it is a high grade quality based on latex emulsion, and high solids content to provide excellent smoothing and filling properties to small halls crakes. Ideal for filling joints and pores surfaces which can be applied by putty knife or steel trowel to provided excessive thickness are not applied in application. Caulking compounds, putties and same cements have a boiled drying oil, usually combine with resins that act as the binder putty is the thick mixture of finally powdered calcium carbonate (whiting) and acid refined linseed oil which imparts good wetting and grinding characteristics. Wall Putty is used to smoothen the surface, to fill the fine pores on the wall surface, to provide firm base for subsequent paint. Wall putty give an elegant look / Aesthetic appeal, more coverage for subsequent costly paints and they protect the wall. There are variegated types of putties for wood too. For glazing wood & filling holes and cracks on the surface, of timber or metal, a stiff paste of linseed oil and whiting is used. This composition is the traditional putty. It is sometimes modified by the addition of small amounts of white lead in oil. So called commercial putty contains more or less mineral or other oil instead of linseed oil. Use and Application: Wall Putty is an outstanding product which is used for interior and exterior plaster, concrete, gypsum plaster gypsum and board; when dry, can be sanded to a smooth finish ready to accept to recoat. Ensure that the surface to be painted is free from any loose paint, dust, oil or grease. Any previous growth of fungus, algae or moss needs to be removed thoroughly by vigorous wire brushing and cleaning with water. Ensure that surface is totally clean. Ensure that surface plastered or made with cementitious material and the surface should be moderately rough and in just wet condition. Market Scenario: The demand for wall putty is always on the higher side due to its heavy consumption. As the construction work and industrialization is our country is being done in rapid strides, this eventually leads to higher consumption of putty. In future, the constructions and industrial buildings, etc. are likely to increase tremendously as a result the demand will increase simultaneously. One of the worlds largest and fastest growing cement industries, the Indian cement industry has been expanding significantly on back of rising infrastructure activities, increasing demand from housing sector, and construction recovery. According to our latest research report, the recent developments in the industry along with the strong support of government are attracting the global cement giants. We have estimated that the total cement installed capacity of India is to increase with a CAGR of around 7% during 2012 to 13 to 2014 to 15.
Plant capacity: 11100 MT/annumPlant & machinery: 35 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 732 Lakhs
Return: 51.10%Break even: 26.16%
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FRP Doors - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Fibre-reinforced plastic (FRP) (also fibre-reinforced polymer) is a composite material made of a polymer matrix reinforced with fibres. The fibres are usually glass, carbon, oraramid, although other fibres such as paper or wood or asbestos have been sometimes used. The polymer is usually an epoxy, vinylester or polyester thermosetting plastic, and phenol formaldehyde resins are still in use. FRPs are commonly used in the aerospace, automotive, marine, and construction industries. Composition of FRP: Composites are composed of Resins, reinforcements, fillers and additives. The primary functions of the resin are to transfer stress between the reinforcing fibers, act as a glue to hold the fibers together, and protect the fibers from mechanical and environmental damage. The most common resins used in the production of FRP grating are polyesters (including gorthophthalic ortho and isophthalic iso), vinyl esters and phenolics. The primary function of fibers or reinforcements is to carry load along the length of the fiber to provide strength and stiffness in one direction. Reinforcements can be oriented to provide tailored properties in the direction of the loads imparted on the end product. The largest volume reinforcement is glass fiber. Fillers are used to improve performance and reduce the cost of a composite by lowering compound cost of the significantly more expensive resin and imparting benefits as shrinkage control, surface smoothness, and crack resistance. Additives and modifier ingredients expand the usefulness of polymers, enhance their process ability or extend product durability. Each of these constituent materials or ingredients plays an important role in the processing and final performance of the end product. Market Scenario: The global market for Reinforced Plastics is forecast to reach 7.9 million tons by the year 2017, bolstered by renewed demand from major end-use sectors and robust demand from European and Asia Pacific markets. Further, rapidly evolving renewable energy markets such as wind energy are emerging as the most promising growth areas for Reinforced Plastics. Demand for natural fiber composites are largely driven by increasing environmental awareness. Due to low cost, low density, acceptable specific properties, ease of separation, enhanced energy recovery, CO2 neutrality, biodegradability and recyclable properties, natural fiber use in composites is gaining as demand grows for component materials that are durable, reliable, and lightweight, with mechanical properties better than those of traditional materials. To know about the top continent in terms of total NFC consumption; the emerging, future markets, emerging applications with significant growth potential, industry challenges, etc, read Total global natural fiber composite market expected to grow at 11% CAGR till 2016. At the end of 2010, the market for composite products reached an estimated US$50 billion.
Plant capacity: 45000 Nos/annumPlant & machinery: 324 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 559 Lakhs
Return: 25.36%Break even: 45.41%
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MARBLE AND ONYX - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Marble is a non-foliated metamorphic rock composed of recrystallized carbonate minerals, most commonly calcite or dolomite. Geologists use the term marble to refer to metamorphosed limestone; however stonemasons use the term more broadly to encompass unmetamorphosed limestone. Marble is commonly used for sculpture and as a building material. Onyx is a banded variety of chalcedony. Chalcedony is a cryptocrystalline form of silica, composed of very fine intergrowths of the minerals quartz and moganite. These are both silica minerals, but they differ in that quartz has a trigonal crystal structure, while moganite is monoclinic. Chalcedony's standard chemical structure (based on the chemical structure of quartz) is SiO2 (Silicon Dioxide). The colours of its bands range from white to almost every colour (save some shades, such as purple or blue). Commonly, specimens of onyx contain bands of black and/or white. APPLICATIONS: Marble is largely used by the construction industry, whereas, for furniture and other decorative purposes its tiles and big size cut slabs are also used in flooring of all kinds of buildings i.e. houses for accommodation purposes, mosques, commercial buildings, hotels etc. However, refined and high quality marble is extensively used in handicraft and Kitchen tiling and making of table tops by the furniture industry, whereas, onyx is largely used for the manufacturing of handicrafts mainly for export purposes due to its premium quality and expansiveness. Multipurpose use of marble and onyx has lead to the development of various industries including furniture, construction and handicraft etc. For the purpose of this pre-feasibility we have confined ourselves to the handicraft industry where both marble and onyx are used for the manufacturing of different articles of decoration i.e. vases, clocks, table lamps, ashtray, chessboard, candle stands, telephone set etc. For Marble and Onyx Products Manufacturing, stone is obtained by exploding in mountains, then bring them into factories and cut them into various sizes, here after converted into different sizes and shapes, rubbing and polishing is applied in the end to bring shining and smoothness to the handicraft. For this purpose various machines are use i.e. lathe machine, grinders, polishers etc. MARKET SCENARIO: Global demand for marble and onyx products largely depend on the tourism industry around the world so as the local industry which is export oriented due to low profit margins on such products in the local market. Based on our discussions with the existing players who are exporting such items, Russia is the new emerging market and growing very fast where some cults of catholic Christianity consider onyx a sacred stone. Therefore, Russia may be a permanent market which has opened to international tourists after the fall of USSR during 80s. Seasonal demand of Marble and Onyx products largely depend on religious and cultural occasions round the world. Its demand increases particularly during New Years beginning, on religious occasions i.e. Christmas, Valentines Day, during sports events i.e. Football and Cricket World Cups etc.
Plant capacity: --Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: 1.00%
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AAC BLOCKS AUTOCLAVED AERATED CONCRETE BLOCKS)Fly Ash Based - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Plant Layout

Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC) is a non-combustible, lime based, cementitious building material that is expanding into new worldwide markets. As a single component building material, AAC has achieved acceptance in new markets throughout the world. AAC has a history of one hundred of years and has become the pillar industry in construction field. In our country aerated techniques have been developed for about 40 years, and its technique skills and equipments are becoming mature. The AAC has the features of light bulk density, good thermal insulation properties and sound-absorption, certain strength and process ability, and its raw materials is very rich, especially the reuse of fly ash enables the comprehensive utilization of industrial residue, curbs environmental pollution, no destroy on farmland, create good social and economic benefits. AAC is an ideal alternative of the traditional clay brick wall materials. For many years AAC has been strongly supported by national wall reform policy, tax policy and environmental policy. In a sentence, AAC has been an important factor in new building materials and has a broad market prospect. Uses and Applications AAC has been used in a variety of construction projects throughout the United States. It has been used for load-bearing walls and floor/roof systems in elementary and secondary school classrooms, multistory university dormitories, military base barracks, and various hotel chains. It has been chosen for its material properties and speed of construction. High rise buildings have utilized AAC for shaft and fire walls due to its tremendous fire ratings. Manufacturing and warehouse facilities have found that AAC non load bearing cladding panels provide both an aesthetically desirable and acoustically functional solution for their projects. AAC has been used in single and multifamily construction for its thermal, acoustical, and fire performance. AAC products are equally suitable for residential construction, multistory buildings, commercial, and industrial construction. The products are made of natural materials: sand, lime, and water. These raw materials are processed to provide a building material with a large number of air pores; hence, aerated concrete. Fine pores (nearly 70% of the product) and the solid structure of calcium silicate hydrate gives AAC its exceptional material properties. Market Survey The autoclaved aerated concrete sector of the construction industry is now in the phase of a tremendous growth cycle. The autoclaved aerated concrete industry must utilize competitive techniques as customers are looking for lowered costs. AAC is not a new building system but it is new to India. Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC), though relatively unknown in India, is currently one of the many building products being touted as green or environmentally friendly. AAC is a lightweight manufactured building stone. Comprised of all natural raw materials, AAC is used in a wide range of commercial, industrial, and residential applications. AAC Reduces Additional Material Use and Minimizes Waste and Pollution. Today, concrete used in most places, including many urban areas, is in proportion of 1:2:4 (cement: sand: coarse aggregate). This ancient technology has vanished at many sites in various metros. Proper concrete mix design is being done. This helps achieve superior quality and economy to the constructor. Concrete will no longer be a civil engineers' product. It will be a formulation of several chemicals with cement playing a major role. The market size of cement and AAC is defined as the amount of cement and AAC products supplied to the total Indian marketplace, in a particular period. Therefore, market size is determined by supply rather than demand. The outlook (for autoclaved aerated concrete) is more optimistic. Overall demand improvement will lead to a reduction in the inventory of unsold residential and commercial premises. In addition to this, residential construction from high-end apartments to affordable housing is being announced and expected to come on stream. The Indian cement industry is on a capacity expansion spree and was expected in 2007-08 to add another 60 mn tonne, with an investment of around Rs 100 bn. Between 2005 and 2008 around 55 companies announced either greenfield or brownfield expansion plans. With these projects, Indias cement capacity was to touch a new high of approximately 200 mn tonne by 2008. Indian cement firms had also plans to increase their capacity by 74 mn tonne by 2010 with investment of Rs 300 bn. Companies like Zuari Cement, OCL, Dalmia Cement, Binani Cement, Birla Corp, India Cements, Saurashtra Cement, NCL Industries and JK Cement have proposed or are implementing capacity expansion projects. By 2008, about 21.5 mn tonne of additional capacity was expected to be realised through expansion only. ?
Plant capacity: 150000 cubic meter/ Annum Plant & machinery: 1100 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1790 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 53.00%
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CEMENT PLANT - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Cement is a material with adhesive and cohesive properties which make it capable of bonding minerals fragments into a compact whole. It can be defined as any substance, which can join unite two or more pieces of some other substance together to form a unit mass. Cement, as used in construction industries, is a fine powder which when mixed with water and allowed to set and harden can join different components or members together to give a mechanically strong structure. Thus cement can be used as bonding material for bricks or for bonding solid particles of different sizes (rubber masonry) to form a monolith. The name Portland cement is given originally due to the resemblance of the color and quality of the hardened cement to Portland stone Portland Island in England. The most common type of cement used by concrete manufacturers is Portland cement, which is prepared by igniting a mixture of raw materials mainly composed of calcium carbonate or aluminium silicates. According to ASTM standard specification C 150, Portland cement is defined as a hydraulic cement produced by pulverizing clinker consisting essentially of hydraulic calcium silicates, usually containing one or more of the forms of calcium sulfate as an inter ground addition . The phase compositions in Portland cement are shown below and they are denoted as tri calcium silicate (C3S), di calcium silicate (C2S), tri calcium aluminate (C3A), and tetra calcium alumino ferrite (C4AF) Uses & Applications The most common use for cement is in the production of concrete. Concrete is a composite material consisting of aggregate (gravel and sand), cement, and water. As a construction material, concrete can be cast in almost any shape desired, and once hardened, can become a structural (load bearing) element. Users may be involved in the factory production of pre cast units, such as panels, beams, road furniture, or may make cast in situ concrete such as building superstructures, roads, dams. Market Survey Indian cement industry, a leading manufacturing sub-sector in India, entered a new era after the partial decontrol in 1982 and near total free market in 1989, ahead of the dawn of the liberalisation era in the country. The industry was totally delicensed in 1991 under the Industries Development and Regulation Act. India is the second largest producer of cement in the world after China. It is followed by Japan and the USA. The overall turnover of the industry is placed at Rs 600 bn. India accounts for a share of about 6% against China's 37% and the USA's 5% of global production. The demand for cement mainly depends on the level of development and the rate of growth of the economy. There are no close substitutes for cement and hence the demand for cement is price inelastic.
Plant capacity: 6000 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 777 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 1253 Lakhs
Return: 48.00%Break even: 39.00%
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INDUCTION WITH HOT ROLLING (CONCAST) AND STRUCTURE MILL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Plant Layout

Steel is an alloy consisting mostly of iron, with a carbon content between 0.2 percent and 2.1 percent by weight, depending on the grade. Carbon is the most cost effective alloying material for iron, but various other alloying elements are used such as manganese, chromium, vanadium, and tungsten. Carbon and other elements act as a hardening agent, preventing dislocations in the iron atom crystal lattice from sliding past one another. Varying the amount of alloying elements and form of their presence in the steel (solute elements, precipitated phase) controls qualities such as the hardness, ductility, and tensile strength of the resulting steel. Steel with increased carbon content can be made harder and stronger than iron, but is also less ductile. Though steel had been produced by various inefficient methods long before the Renaissance, its use became more common after more efficient production methods were devised in the 17th century. Steel is one of the most recycled materials in the world, and, as of 2007, more than 78 percent of steel was recycled in the United States. In the United States, it is the most widely recycled material; in 2000, more than 60 million metric tons were recycled. The most commonly recycled items are containers, automobiles, appliances, and construction materials. For example, in 2007, more than 97 percent of structural steel and 110 percent of automobiles were recycled, comparing the current steel consumption for each industry with the amount of recycled steel being produced. A typical appliance is about 75 percent steel by weight and automobiles are about 65 percent steel and iron. The steel industry has been actively recycling for more than 150 years, in large part because it is economically advantageous to do so. It is cheaper to recycle steel than to mine iron ore and manipulate it through the production process to form new steel. Steel does not lose any of its inherent physical properties during the recycling process, and has drastically reduced energy and material requirements compared with refinement from iron ore. ? Uses & Applications Advantages of Stainless Steel Kitchenware and Houseware items:Corrosion Resistance: It gives protection against rust, Strength: Stainless steel has high tensile strength, excellent fatigue properties and good weld ability, Toughness and impact resistance: Stainless steel of certain grades has high toughness from elevated temperatures to sub zero temperatures, Formability: It is possible to bend and form different shapes, Heat resistance: Special high Chromium and Nickel alloyed grades resist high temperature and retain strength, Better aesthetic look: This is one single characteristic that scores over other materials, Low on maintenance: Stainless steel normally requires only a periodic wash with soap and water to maintain its original finish, Long term value: When the total life cycle costs are considered, stainless steel is often the least expensive material option available. Market Survey Under the dispensations of the government's Industrial Policy of the post liberalisation era, four steps changed the direction of the steel industry in India. These were (i) freedom to set up integrated steel plants in the private sector; (ii) placing imports of steel under OGL (open general licence); (iii) reduction of import duties on both steel and scrap; and (iv) decontrol of domestic prices. The comparative advantage of cheap and high quality iron ore and manganese, has been somewhat set off by the limited accessibility of the steel industry to the supply of coking coal. The adoption of the sponge iron route by the private sector integrated plants helped in circumventing the constraint, and at the same time, ushered in a technological revolution in the industry. As a result, India has come to enjoy a cost advantage compared to most countries. Not impressed by the Tenth Plan target of 38 mn tonnes (which was lower than 39 mn tonnes of the Ninth Plan), the Government of India had announced a new National Steel Policy in 2005. The policy aimed at achieving a production level of 110 mn tonnes in 2019 20, of which the domestic consumption was aimed to rise to 90 mn tonnes and exports to 26 mn tonnes. The industry was expected to register a CAGR of 7.3%, slightly higher than the 7% annual growth registered during the 15 year period ending 2004 05. According to a study carried out by the International Iron and Steel Institute, the demand in India is projected to a level of 180 mn tonnes by 2020. The domestic demand is based on the per capita consumption in the urban sector increasing from 77 kg to 165 kg in 2019 to 20 at an annual growth of 5%. Likewise the per capita consumption in rural areas was expected to rise from 2 kg per annum to 4 kg by the terminal year (a CAGR of 4.4%). India has one of the lowest consumption rate in the world around 33 kg per person to China's 200 kg, and South Korea's 900 kg. The thrust to an increased growth of over 7% is expected to be realised by a 13% annual increase in exports. Few Indian Major Players are as Under: A H W Steels Ltd. A S R Multimetals Pvt. Ltd. Aarti Steels Ltd. Adhunik Industries Ltd. Adhunik Power Transmission Ltd. Aditya Ispat Ltd. Arun Smelters Ltd. Ashiana Ispat Ltd. B S L Scaffolding Ltd. Balmukund Concast Ltd. Beekay Steel Inds. Ltd. Bhartia Commercial Co. Ltd. Chamundi Steel Castings (India) Ltd. Charminar Steels Ltd. Chase Bright Steel Ltd. Concast Ispat Ltd. Coromandel Steels Ltd. Deccan Alloys Pvt. Ltd. Delta Mechcons (India) Ltd. Dewas Metal Sections Ltd. Dhiraj Iron & Steel Ltd. Dina Iron & Steel Ltd. Divy Rollform Ltd. Dolphin Udyog Ltd. F A G Bearings India Ltd. G E I Power Ltd. G K Steel & Allied Inds. Ltd. Galaxy Bearings Ltd. Gangotri Iron & Steel Co. Ltd. Goa Ispat Ltd. Golden Rathi Star Inds. Ltd. Goyal Ispat Ltd. Grand Bright Bars Ltd. Handum Industries Ltd. Handum Iron & Steel Enterprises Ltd. Hans Metals Ltd. I S M T Ltd. India Steel Works Ltd. Indian Bright Steel Co. Ltd. Indian Steel Rolling Mills Ltd. Indo Germa Products Ltd. Indore Steel & Iron Mills Ltd. Indus Smelters Ltd. Ispat Profiles India Ltd. Jai Balaji Inds. Ltd. Jai Raj Ispat Ltd. Juhi Alloys Ltd. K R Steelunion Ltd. Kamal Sponge Steel & Power Ltd. Kanishk Steel Inds. Ltd. Kishan Chand Ferro Steels Pvt. Ltd. Kundil Ispat Ltd. M S P Steel & Power Ltd. Madhusudan Special Sections Ltd. Magnum Steels Ltd. Mahamaya Steel Inds. Ltd. Mahavir Rolling Mill Ltd. Mahavir Steel Inds. Ltd. Mahindra Sona Ltd. Man Structurals Ltd. Met Rolla Steels Ltd. Modern Steels Ltd. National General Inds. Ltd. O P Steels Ltd. P M P Steel Rolling Mills (Madras) Ltd. Peekay Re Rolling Mills Pvt. Ltd. Pondy Metal & Rolling Mills Pvt. Ltd. Premier Ispat Ltd. Prestige Stocks & Bonds Ltd. Punj Brothers Ltd. Purvi Bharat Steels Ltd. R H L Profiles Ltd. R K K R Steels Ltd. R P G Transmission Ltd. R R Ispat Ltd. R S Corporation Ltd. R S L Industries Ltd. (Duplicate Name, Uttar Pradesh) Rathi Bars Ltd. Rathi Rajasthan Steel Mills Ltd. Rathi Steel & Power Ltd. Rathi Super Steel Ltd. Richardson & Cruddas Ltd. Rukma Industries Ltd. S K M Alloys Pvt. Ltd. S P S Steels Rolling Mills Ltd. Shimoga Steels Ltd. Shobhagya Steels Ltd. Shree Sanyeeji Ispat Ltd. Shree Sidhbali Steels Ltd. Shree Vaishnav Ispat Pvt. Ltd. Shri Bajrang Alloys Ltd. Shri Bhagavati Bright Bars Ltd. Shri Ramrupai Balaji Steels Ltd. Shri Rathi Steels Ltd. Sirhind Steel Ltd. Somani Swiss Inds. Ltd. Sonal Vyapar Ltd. Southern Iron & Steel Co. Ltd. Sree Aravindh Steel Ltd. Supra Global Ltd. Suzlon Structures Ltd. Swetal Steel Inds. Pvt. Ltd. Tamil Nadu Small Inds. Corpn. Ltd. Testeels Ltd. Torus India Ltd. Trichy Steel Rolling Mills Ltd. Tungabhadra Steel Products Ltd. Unique Intercontinental Ltd. Upper India Steel Mfg. & Engg. Co. Ltd. Utkal Steels Ltd. V V S Alloys Ltd. Vaibhav Mercantile Ltd. Vijayaa Steels Ltd. Vinayak Steels Limited Vishwas Steels Ltd. Cost Estimation Capacity : 100 MT Steel Beam / day 75 MT Steel Channel / day 75 MT Steel Angels / day 50 MT Steel Bar / day
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 970 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 4449 Lakhs
Return: 36.00%Break even: 52.00%
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CEMENT WATER PROOFING COMPOUND - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Water seepage is a major problem in construction industries particularly when the buildings are constructed in the damped environment. A large number of water proofing compounds containing hydrophobic groups are used. Majority of such compounds block the pores at the outer surface but do not affect the pores inside. Due to percolation of water inside, the outer surface is ruptured in due course of time. Because of this, number of harmful ions enter inside and make the structure weak and less durable. Water proofing in buildings is the core requirement for the life of the buildings as well as the quality of the life of the occupants during and before construction we should take measures to the treatment process before construction it should be ensured that the water logging conditions of the site be treated by proper foundation design with adding chemicals to the footings concrete and maintaining proper slope and drainage of the ground area surrounding the building and preferably cavity wall construction be adopted to prevent dampness inside the building and while roof casting commercial grade calcium chloride should be mixed with the concrete which will give quick setting and water proofing qualities to the roofs and also if proper slope is provided during casting it will also help in the free flow of the storm water without any heavy terracing treatment Using of the cavity wall CC blocks for masonry purpose will also help in the good water proofing as well as less thick plaster on the wall sides which proves to be economic also other factors like Rain water pipes Etc should be diverted to storage tanks for water harvesting that will give us an additional advantage of saving water. Uses and Applications Cement water proofing compounds or water repellent agents are widely used in civil construction works. Water proofing compounds are used in the structural and industrial construction works to make them completely impervious to water and water vapour, whether or not the water is under pressure. Their wide range of uses and applications are as follows: Water proofing compounds are used as an important ingredient in the masonry works like dams, canals etc. Water proofing agents or water repellents is used in structural and industrial works. Market Survey Among the various varieties of cement, the most commonly used in India is the Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), which is popularly known as grey cement. Though specialised varieties of cement are gaining popularity, currently their share in the total cement consumption is negligible. The extent of under development of specialised cement used in European countries use some form of construction chemicals, while, in India, the corresponding figure is only 4%. The Indian cement industry is highly fragmented with the top few accounting for more than 50% of the industry capacity. The rest is distributed among the large number of small players. The cement industry in India has come forward as the second largest in the world, showing a total capacity of around 230 MT (including mini plants). However, on account of low per capita consumption of cement in the country (156 kgs/year as compared to world average of 260 kgs) there is still a huge potential for growth of the industry. Few Indian Major Players are as Under: C I C O Technologies Ltd. Chembond Ashland Water Technologies Ltd. Chemicals & Plastics India Ltd. Ion Exchange Speciality Chemicals Ltd. Nalco Water India Ltd. P I B C O Ltd. Pidilite Industries Ltd. ?
Plant capacity: 3000 Liters /dayPlant & machinery: 24 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 419 Lakhs
Return: 52.00%Break even: 33.00%
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Deck Wood (Wood and Plastic Composite) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Wood plastic composite products is a new type composite material booming in recent years, refers to the use of polyethylene, polypropylene and polyvinyl chloride, etc. It is mainly used for building materials, furniture, logistics, packaging and other industries. According to the plastic material, there are mainly PVC wood products, PE wood products, HDPE wood composite products etc. Wood plastic composites (WPCs) are composite materials made of wood fiber/flour and thermoplastic(s) (includes PE, PP, PVC etc.).Chemical additives, as a third composition component, are practically invisible (except mineral fillers and pigments, if added) in the composite structure. They provide for almost complete integration of polymer and wood flour (powder) while facilitating optimal processing conditions. In addition to wood fiber and plastic, WPCs can also contain other ligno cellulosic and inorganic filler materials. WPCs are a subset of a larger category of materials called natural fiber plastic composites (NFPCs), which may contain no cellulose based fiber fillers such as pulp fibers, peanut hulls, bamboo, straw, digestate, etc. Plastic lumber products began appearing in Indian markets in the late 1980s. Its development was stimulated both by the rising volume of largely un recycled plastic waste for which uses were needed as well as by increasing consumer interest in more durable, lower maintenance outdoor products such as decking and fencing. The major selling points for composite lumber are that it is free of potentially hazardous chemicals, and made largely from long lasting, low maintenance, recycled materials. It is, often promoted as an environmentally preferable or green alternative to other decking materials. In this paper we examine the performance of wood plastic composite (WPC) decking and its environmental properties. Uses & Application Wood plastic composites are still new materials relative to the long history of natural lumber as a building material. The most widespread use of WPCs in North America is in outdoor deck floors, but it is also used for railings, fences, landscaping timbers, cladding and siding, park benches, molding and trim, window and door frames, and indoor furniture. Wood plastic composites were first introduced into the decking market in the early 1990s. Manufacturers claim that wood plastic composite is more environmentally friendly and requires less maintenance than the alternatives of solid wood treated with preservatives or solid wood of rot resistant species. These materials can be molded with or without simulated wood grain details. Market Survey Wood Plastic Composites (WPCs) are defined as composite materials that contain thermoplastics and wood in various forms. Mostly, either the polymer or the fiber, or both, can come from recycled materials. Because of the limited thermal stability of wood, only plastics that can be processed at temperatures below 392 degrees Fahrenheit are used in WPCs. The average product carries about 50% wood, generally in particulate form, such as wood flour or very short fibers. WPCs represent one of the rapidly growing markets within the plastics industry. Double digit growth is expected through 2011 for WPCs used as replacement for treated wood in building products and related applications. However, WPC lumber will see much faster growth through 2011, posting gains of 14.3% pa to reach US$2.6. Composite lumber demand will be fueled by strong demand in decking applications. In addition, rapid growth in windows and door applications, as well as smaller niche end uses (porches, site and leisure furniture) will support demand going forward. Among the major product categories window and door applications for WPCs are anticipated to post the most rapid gains through 2011. As with other applications, WPC window and door components are making inroads because of their lower maintenance requirements, durability in exterior applications and similarities to wood. Decking applications are projected to see strong gains through 2011, continuing to increase its relative share of the composite and plastic lumber industry.
Plant capacity: 5 MT/DayPlant & machinery: 80 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 382 Lakhs
Return: 29.00%Break even: 56.00%
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Glazed Wall and Floor Tiles - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Tile is a manufactured piece of hard wearing material such as clay, ceramic, stone, metal or even glass. It is a surfacing unit, used for covering roofs, floors, walls and countertops. Ceramic and porcelain tiles are manufactured by pressing clay and other materials into shape and firing it at high temperatures, giving it the hardness it is known for. The bisque (body) of a tile may then be glazed, or left unglazed depending on its intended use. Tile is a popular flooring choice for many reasons. Wide varieties of tile offer colors, patterns, and textures that enhance any interior or exterior. Tile for flooring and wall covering is also one of the earliest manmade building materials and endures all kinds of wear while retaining their beauty. The two distinctive types of kiln fired tile are ceramic and porcelain. The basic difference between porcelain and ceramic is the end result out of the kilns. Ceramic is the most common type and is made by baking clay in a conventional kiln at average temperature. However, porcelain tiles are made from fine grain clay fired at an extremely high temperature. As a result they are highly resistant to staining and wear. Uses & Applications Glazed Ceramic wall and floor tiles look great in all types of spaces, indoor and outdoor, public and private. Ceramic Glazed tiles are made of porous body with a coating of white or colored Glaze. These are used extensively in the Bathrooms, Kitchen in modern buildings and in Hospitals and Analytical Laboratories, Toiletries attached to Railway platforms. This is because of this products have properties like good resistance to weather and chemicals, having high strength, hard, glossy surface with different colors and pleasing appearance. In the near future the chances for replacing these items by other materials look very bleak. These tiles are rather cheap, easy to clean, have more life and are available in pleasing colours. Advantages Easy to Clean and Hygienic, Anti Allergenic, Low Maintenance, Resistance and Durability , Traffic, Eco Sustainable, Non Slip, Versatility, Warmth, Mixing and Matching (with Other Materials) and Luminosity. MARKET SURVEY The markets of ceramic glazed Tiles are very bright since its demand is increasing at a faster rate. The reasons are not far to seek. The improved living standard coupled with good economic situation along with supporting Govt. policies for housing sector speak itself for the demand for these products. Side by side population growth is also creating a positive demand position of these products. These items form an essential and integral part of consuming sector like housing, educational and research institutions, hospitals, Industries, hotels, restaurants, cinema halls and other public places. The demands of these products also increase by the need of renovation works of the old above similar buildings. The housing Development Finance Corporation and other Govt. Corporations and Banks for financing housing will go a long way for the demand of these products. This resulted in a sort of boom in the industry.
Plant capacity: 6000 Sq Mt/DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 1463 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 3011 Lakhs
Return: 81.00%Break even: 38.00%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
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  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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