Chemicals (Organic, Inorganic, Industrial)

The chemical industry is a highly versatile segment in the overall industrial economy of India. It is one of the oldest domestic industries in India, contributing significantly to both the industrial and economic growth.  It has linkages with almost every other industrial activity, be it food processing, metallurgy, textiles, rubber or leather. There is, in fact, hardly any segment where chemicals do not feature. The industry is broadly segmented into four major categories-Inorganic Chemicals, Organic Chemicals, petrochemicals based specialities, and agro oriented chemicals. The chemical industry currently produces nearly 70,000 commercial products, ranging from cosmetics and toiletries, to plastics and pesticides.Indian chemical companies have prominence in the global market. Global chemical companies present in India have benefited from many opportunities as a result of favorable factors such as skilled workers, low manufacturing cost and strong domestic demand.

The Agro-oriented chemicals like guar gum, starch, citric acid, sorbitol, yeast and others, valued at over Rs 1450 billion, apart from contributing 14% of the industrial sector’s contribution to GDP, industrial chemicals have a 10% share in the overall exports of India. It is spread over some 2000 units, mostly in the small scale sector. Nonetheless, over a third of the market is controlled by top 10 players.

Petrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, synthetic fibres, fertilizers and pesticide, paints and dyestuffs constitute over 85% of the market. The remaining 15% comprises a wide range of chemical intermediate and industrial or speciality chemicals which have a market of over Rs 230 billion (including imports of about Rs 15 billion).

The chemical industry remains concentrated in the western region, with a near 48% share of investment. In the western region, Gujarat makes the largest contribution to the chemical industry’s production activity. The Indian market for petrochemicals will increase four times in the next ten years. It will witness a sustained double-digit growth rate in the coming years.India’s speciality chemicals market represents around 24% of the total chemical industry Exports of speciality chemicals from India and are poised to grow from US$4 billion in 2007 to US$13 billion in 2013, representing a growth rate of 22%.The speciality chemicals industry in India is expected to grow at a growth rate of 15%, almost double the growth of the global speciality chemicals industry.

With India being an emerging economy with high growth rates and a strong domestic demand the chemical industry in India will be one of the most booming industries in the coming years.

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HYDROQUINONE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Product Profile Hydroquinone, also benzene-1,4-diol or quinol, is an aromatic organic compound that is a type of phenol, having the chemical formula C6H4(OH)2. There are a variety of other uses associated with its reducing power. As a polymerization inhibitor, hydroquinone prevents polymerization of acrylic acid, methyl methacrylate, cyanoacrylate, and other monomers that are susceptible to radical-initiated polymerization. This application exploits the antioxidant properties of hydroquinone Applications Hydroquinone has a variety of uses principally associated with its action as a reducing agent which is soluble in water. • It is a major component in most photographic developers for film and paper where, with the compound Metol, it reduces silver halides to elemental silver. • Hydroquinone, is used mainly as a polymerization inhibitor, as an antioxidant ingredient for rubbers, and as a pigment. • Hydroquinone is used as a developing agent in black and white photography, lithography, and x-ray films. • About 0.05% of the hydroquinone manufactured is used in skin lightening creams. • Hydroquinone is also used as a coupler in oxidative hair dyes Production Process Hydroquinone is produced industrially by three routes, two of which are dominant. Similar to the cumene process in reaction mechanism, the most widely used route involves the dialkylation of benzene with propene to give 1,4-diisopropylbenzene. This compound reacts with air to afford the bis(hydroperoxide), which is structurally similar to cumene hydroperoxide and rearranges to give acetone and hydroquininone in acid. A second route involves hydroxylation of phenol. The conversion uses hydrogen peroxide and affords a mixture of hydroquinone and catechol: C6H5OH + H2O2 ? C6H4(OH)2 + H2O The third method, practiced only in China, is the oxidation of aniline by manganese dioxide followed by reduction of the resulting 1,4-benzoquinone. The process is conducted batchwise and generates a substantial waste stream. Market scenario The global demand for hydroquinone is driven by high, sustained growth of certain markets such as superabsorbent polymers, paint, construction, automotive or electronics. The market was extremely tight during 2010–2011; additional capacity scheduled for commissioning in 2012 will alleviate the market tightness temporarily during 2012–2014. However, the hydroquinone market is expected to become tight again in 2014–2016, unless new capacity would be announced Hydroquinone is sold by manufacturers as a dry, crystalline solid packaged in plastic film lined sacks or drums.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
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Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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MONO ETHYLENE GLYCOL - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Product Profile Mono ethylene glycol is a colorless, odorless, and slightly viscous liquid, more hygroscopic than glycerol and miscible with water in all proportions. This grade is used as an intermediate for the manufacture of polyester resins and fibers. Ethylene glycol (monoethylene glycol) in its pure form, it is an odorless, colorless, syrupy liquid with a sweet taste. Product characteristics Appearance: Clear colorless liquid Chemical Formulae: C2H6O2 Purity: 99.8% min Molecular weight: 62.07 Applications Monoethylene Glycol (MEG) can be used for applications that require chemical intermediates for resins, solvent couplers, freezing point depression, solvents, humectants and chemical intermediates. These applications are vital to the manufacture of a wide range of products, including resins; deicing fluids; heat transfer fluids; automotive antifreeze and coolants; water-based adhesives, latex paints and asphalt emulsions; electrolytic capacitors; textile fibers; paper and leather. Ethylene Glycol is the most common antifreeze fluid for standard heating and cooling applications. Ethylene glycol is also used in the manufacture of some vaccines, but it is not itself present in these injections. It is used as a minor (1–2%) ingredient in shoe polish and also in some inks and dye. Production of Ethylene Glycol Ethylene glycol is produced from ethylene, via the intermediate ethylene oxide Ethylene oxide reacts with water to produce ethylene glycol according to the chemical equation C2H4O + H2O ? HOCH2CH2OH This reaction can be catalyzed by either acids or bases, or can occur at neutral pH under elevated temperatures. The highest yields of ethylene glycol occur at acidic or neutral pH with a large excess of water. Under these conditions, ethylene glycol yields of 90% can be achieved. The major byproducts are the ethylene glycol oligomers diethylene glycol, triethylene glycol, and tetraethylene glycol. Market scenario The demand for mono ethylene glycol is largely driven by the polyester products like polyester staple fibre, polyester fibre yarn, polyethylene terephthalate and polyester chips. The growth oriented application sector is polyester resins, which in turn is used in coating, ink and PU systems. Small quantity is used in the production of explosives (low freezing dynamite). AAGR in demand for monoethylene glycol through 2017 is 7%. Indian demand of monoethylene glycol is estimated to be 1.05 million metric tonnes. Global demand for mono ethylene glycol increased 12.1% in 2010 to about 19.5 million metric tonne and it is forecast to grow about 5.4% per year through 2015.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
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Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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POLYLACTIC ACID - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

Product Profile Poly (lactic acid) or polylactide (PLA) is thermoplastic aliphatic polyester derived from renewable resources, such as corn starch (in the United States), tapioca products (roots, chips or starch mostly in Asia) or sugarcanes (in the rest of world). It can biodegrade under certain conditions, such as the presence of oxygen, and is difficult to recycle. PLA is considered both as biodegradable (e.g. adapted for short-term packaging) and as biocompatible in contact with living tissues (e.g. for biomedical applications such as implants, sutures, drug encapsulation, etc.). Product characteristics PLA has reasonably good optical, physical, mechanical, and barrier properties compared to existing petroleum­based polymers. The permeability coefficients of CO2, O2, N2 and H2O for PLA are lower than for polystyrene (PS), but higher than poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET), The barrier properties of PLA against organic permeants such as ethylacetate and d­limonene, are comparable to PET. Un-oriented PLA is quite brittle, but possesses good strength and stiffness, oriented PLA provides better performance than oriented PS, but comparable to PET compared to high density polyethylene (HDPE), polypropylene (PP) and PS. Tensile and flexural moduli of PLA are higher. Applications PLA is currently used in a number of biomedical applications, such as sutures, stents, dialysis media and drug delivery devices. The total degradation time of PLA is a few years. It is also being evaluated as a material for tissue engineering. PLA is a sustainable alternative to petrochemical-derived products, since the lactides from which it is ultimately produced can be derived from the fermentation of agricultural by-products such as corn starch or other carbohydrate-rich substances like maize, sugar or wheat. Being biodegradable, PLA can be employed in the preparation of bioplastic and is useful for production of the Loose-fill packaging, drinking cups, salad cups, overwrap compost bags, food packaging, food trays, lunch boxes, packaging for instant foods, trash bags, plastic bags for shopping, lamination films and blister packages. Market scenario Due to increasing awareness for the usage of recyclable packaging and the entry of multinational retail enterprises, the demand would grow for PLA based plastics in India. Global lactic acid & polylactic acid (PLA) market is growing at a CAGR of 18.7% and is expected to reach US$3831.3 mln by 2016. The global Poly Lactic Acid market was estimated to be worth US$1194 mln in 2010. Packaging is the largest application market for PLA, accounting for 60% of the overall market in 2010. Europe and North America are the biggest markets for PLA; whereas Asia-Pacific is one of the fastest growing markets. Present global installed capacity is 148,200 metric tonnes per annum.
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Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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PRECIPITATED SILICA - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Product Profile Precipitated silica is silica produced by precipitation. Precipitated Silica is a versatile inorganic chemical which is used for reinforcement of rubbers and plastics, thickening and thixotropy of coating and paints, printing inks and cosmetics, antiblocking of plastic foils, free running and free flow of sticky solid and liquid substances, carrier for pesticides, insecticides, high temperature insulation, stabilizing of beer and silicon rubber. It imparts good finish, strength and balances at the required physico- chemical properties of the products. Product characteristics Appearance : White free flowing powder or lumps Water absorption value: 250% minimum Oil absorption value : 225% min. Moisture at 1100 C : 5-7 % Silica content SiO2: 88-90% Applications Precipitated silica is useful to enhance bond strength and as a reinforcing and thickening agent. Silica provides thixotropy, reinforcement and promotes adhesion as well as serves as extenders; therefore it raises quality and lowers cost. Silica prevents resin separation and the settling of pigments and heavy fillers. Precipitated silica has industrial applications in rubberized foot wear, paint, dyes, printing ink, and plastic products. Precipitated Silica is used to improve the tear strength due to its small particle size and complex aggregate structure. Precipitated Silica is used to improve pigment dispersion and acts as a parting agent and as absorbent to improve the flow and imparts a dry feel to the compound. Precipitated Silica is used in Railway Pads because it provides increased abrasion resistance and strength. In industrial rubber, precipitated silica confers superior strength and durability on industrial Rubber Belts and Rubber Hoses together with improved heat resistance and tear strength. Production Process The production of precipitated silica starts with the reaction of an alkaline silicate solution with a mineral acid. Sulfuric acid and sodium silicate solutions are added simultaneously with agitation to water. Precipitation is carried out under alkaline conditions. The choice of agitation, duration of precipitation, the addition rate of reactants, their temperature and concentration, and pH can vary the properties of the silica. The formation of a gel stage is avoided by stirring at elevated temperatures. The resulting white precipitate is filtered, washed and dried in the manufacturing process. Na2(SiO2)3.3(aq) + H2SO4(aq) ? 3.3 SiO2(s) + Na2SO4(aq) Market scenario The present demand for precipitated silica is estimated at 166.83 tonnes per annum. The demand is expected to reach at 402.03 tonnes by the year 2020. Precipitated silica is manufactured in India both in medium and small scale sector. Indian production is around 70,000 tonnes per annum.
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Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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1,6-HEXANEDIOL (HDO) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Product Profile: 1,6 Hexanediol HDO is a valuable intermediate product for the chemical industry. 1,6-Hexanediol is a linear diol and it contains two primary hydroxyl groups which are terminally located. This configuration results in a rapid and simultaneous reaction in the formation of numerous di substituted products 1,6 Hexanediol is used in the production of polyesters for polyurethane elastomers, coatings, adhesives and polymeric plasticizer. Product characteristics Chemical Name: 1,6-hexanediol CAS Number: 629-11-8 Formula: HOCH2(CH2)4CH2OH Alternate name: 1,6-Hexamethylene Glycol, 1,6-Dihydroxyhexane Appearance: White, waxy hygroscopic solid Appearance: White solid Assay: 99.5%min Flash point: 137 Acid value: 0.1max mgKOH/g Melt Point: 41-42 Applications: It finds applications in a variety of polymeric systems and is also used in the synthesis of specialty chemicals. 1,6-Hexanediol is used in the production of polyesters for polyurethane elastomers, coatings, adhesives and polymeric plasticizers. In these end use areas, it contributes significantly to many high performance characteristics such as hydrolytic stability, high flexibility, good adhesion and surface hardness. The most important fields of application for HDO 1,6-Hexanediol are the manufacture of: Polyurethanes, Polyester Coatings, Acrylics, Adhesives etc. Global Scenario The properties of 1,6-hexanediol make it suitable for use in producing high quality and high performance polyesters, polyurethane resins and adhesive. Demand for 1,6-hexanediol has grown in recent years for use in ultraviolet (UV) curable coating materials that are notable for their low environmental impact. Global demand for 1,6-hexanediol has been growing by around 5% annually, with market in China and other Asian countries recording high rates of growth exceeding 10% annually.
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Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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CHLORINATED POLYVINYL CHLORIDE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Product Profile Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) is a thermoplastic produced by chlorination of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) resin. Uses include hot and cold water pipe, and industrial liquid handling. CPVC can withstand corrosive water at temperatures greater than PVC, typically 40°C to 50°C (104°F to 122°F) or higher, contributing to its popularity as a material for water piping systems in residential as well as commercial construction. CPVC is used in construction, plumbing (hot and cold water pipe), industrial liquid handling applications and fire suppression systems. Product characteristics CPVC piping systems are considered cost effective and environmentally friendly. Because CPVC can be easily shaped, bent, and welded, handling and installation is uncomplicated. In addition, CPVC provides a long service life, it is highly corrosion resistant. It is recognized by all model-plumbing codes for potable (drinkable) hot and cold water distribution systems. Chlorinated Polyvinyl Chloride is available for purchase in rods, sheets, or tubing in various sizes and quantities. Applications CPVC is used in a variety of industrial applications, where high functional temperature and resistance to corrosive chemicals are desirable. Besides pipe and fittings, it is used in pumps, valves, strainers, filters, tower packing and duct, as well as sheet for fabrication into storage tanks, fume scrubbers, large diameter duct and tank lining. CPVC can take the place of traditional thermoplastic engineering plastic, used in the fields of petroleum, chemical, building materials, ship-making, printing, dyeing, food, and paper-making etc. Production Process CPVC is PVC (polyvinyl chloride) that has been chlorinated via a free radical chlorination reaction. This reaction is typically initiated by application of thermal or UV energy utilizing various approaches. In the process, chlorine gas is decomposed into free radical chlorine which is then reacted with PVC in a post-production step, essentially replacing a portion of the hydrogen in the PVC with chlorine. Depending on the method, a varying amount of chlorine is introduced into the polymer allowing for a measured way to fine tune the final properties. The chlorine content may vary from manufacturer to manufacturer; the base can be as low as PVC 56.7% to as high as 74% by mass, although most commercial resins have chlorine content from 63% to 69%.[citation needed] As the chlorine content in CPVC is increased, its glass transition temperature (Tg) increases significantly. Under normal operating conditions, CPVC becomes unstable at 70% mass of chlorine. Market scenario The market for CPVC resin is showing strong growth in India. The main use is for making pipes for transportation of hot water and chemicals C PVC is a preferred choice to traditional materials such as galvanized iron, which has corrosion issues and polypropylene random copolymer which requires use of adhesives. The present Indian requirement of CPVC resin is met by imports.
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Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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CYCLOHEXANE DIMETHANOL(CHDM) - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Product Profile: 1,4 cyclohexanedimethanol (CHDM) is a monomer used in the manufacture of co polyesters in the specialty plastic segment, due to growing co polyesters demand. 1,4-CHDM is an excellent intermediate for the synthesis crystalline resins for pelletized molding compounds. Product characteristics • Chemical name : 1,4–Cyclohexanedimethanol;1,4- Bis(hydroxymethyl)cyclohexane • CAS No : 105-08-8 • Molecular formula : C6H10(CH2OH)2 • Appearance : White waxy solid • Molecular weight : 144.21 • Odour : Sweet Applications • CHDM is the major gycol used to prepare PCT, PCTG and PCTA polyesters, but is the major glycol in the PETG composition. CHDM is manufactured by catalytic hydrogenation of dimethyl teraphthalate. It is one of the most important co monomers for production of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), or polyethylene terephalic ester (PETE), from which plastic bottles are made. • CHDM is a symmetrical, high molecular weight cycloaliphatic glycol used to make saturated and unsaturated polyester resins. It is commonly used as a glycol modifier for resins. It can be used in unsaturated polyester resins for gel coats, sheet molding compounds and injection moldable fiberglass reinforced plastics. Good chemical, stain, humidity and corrosion resistance is achieved, when using CHDM-D in polyester-melamine baking enamels for appliance, general metal and automotive coatings. • The areas of applications include the following: Chemical and pharmaceutical intermediate, Coating resins for heat sensitive substrates, Cosmetic polymer intermediate, Polyester polyols for polyurethane coatings, Polyester melamine baking enamels, Unsaturated polyester resins and Waterborne polyester resins Production of Cyclohexane Dimethanol(CHDM) CHDM is produced by catalytic hydrogenation of dimethyl terephthalate (DMT). The reaction conducted in two steps beginning with the conversion of DMT to the diester dimethyl 1,4-cyclohexanedicarboxylate (DMCD). In the second step DMCD is further hydrogenated to CHDM. The cis/trans ratio of CHDM is differ according to the catalyst, 80:20 for Cu4Ru12 catalyst, 65:35 in case of the RuPt catalyst, 88:12 for the Ru-Sn catalyst, 30:70 in case of the copper chromite catalyst usually used in industrial processing. C6H4(CO2CH3)2 + 3 H2 ? C6H10(CO2CH3)2 C6H10(CO2CH3)2 + 4 H2 ? C6H10(CH2OH)2 + 2 CH3OH Most of the commercial CHDM has cis/trans ratio of 30:70.
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Return: 0.01%Break even: N/A
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ETHABOXAM - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Product Profile Ethaboxam is a fungicide used mainly for folial and soil treatment. It is highly effective on a range of diseases such as downy mildew, late blight and pythium disease in several crops including grapes, vegetables, potatoes, and corn as well as other row crops. Since only a few fungicides are currently available to control Pythium effectively, it is expected that ethaboxam will be one of the highly preferred seed treatment products capable of meeting growers’ needs for higher crop productivity. Product characteristics Chemical Name : N-(cyano-2-thienylmethyl)-4-ethyl-2-(ethlyamino)-5 thiazolecarboxamide CAS name : N-(cyano-2-thienylmethyl)-4-ethyl-2-(ethylamino)-5-thiazolecarboxamide CAS No. : 162650-77-3 Molecular mass (g mol-1): 320.43 Physical State : Solid powder Colour : Very pale yellow Formula : C14H16N4OS2 Pesticide type : Fungicide Applications Ethaboxam has its biological specialty in its mode of actions. Ethaboxam has preventive activity that protects crops prior to infection by pathogen. It is an outstanding fungicide that controls downy mildew and late blight of vegetables and fruits. Its application is 100~250 g/ha for most target crops and pathogens. It also has curative activity that eliminates pathogens that already inhabit inside plants. Its systemic activity also allows curing diseases on stems and leaves by drenching in soils by moving upward plants during transpiration. An excellent toxicology profile makes it safe around people, livestock and the environment. Distinctively from other fungicides, Ethaboxam has two biochemical action sites and reduces possibility of developing pathogens resistant to ethaboxam. Further, ethaboxam can be used to effectively control the diseases caused by phenyamide-resistant pathogens. This unique feature is the key sales point of ethaboxam in the global market. Market Scenario The global total market size of fungicides in 2000 was approximately 6.5 billion US dollars and that of fungicides to control diseases on fruits and vegetables was 2.7 billion US dollars (46%). Approximately one billion US dollars was used to control the diseases caused by Oomycetes. The compound was developed by LGLS and has been on the market in various countries since 2005, mainly for foliar and soil treatment. Because of its highly systemic and preventive activities, ethaboxam exhibits excellent fungicidal performance also for seed treatment, which helps reduce both the application frequency and the application rate of crop protection products and ultimately promote labour saving in agricultural production.
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FLUORINATED ALCOHOLS - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

PRODUCT PROFILE Fluorinated alcohols are formed by using fluorine atoms to replace hydrogen atoms on the carbon chains of alcohols. Because of their excellent solubility, they are widely used as solvents in recordable CDs, electronics, polymer and other industries. The fluorinated alcohols were able to induce surface modification already at very low concentration (below 1 wt %). It has been shown that the surface modification depended on the concentration of the fluoroalcohols, on the length of the fluoroalkyl chain, and on the length of the methylene spacer between the fluorinated chain and the OH group. The strong increase on hydrophobicity in the presence of the synthesized fluorinated alcohol, CF3(CF2)9(CH2)10OH, was attributed to the higher fluorocontent of the chain as well as to a self-organization effect. Fluorinated alcohols are formed by using fluorine atoms to replace hydrogen atoms on the carbon chains of alcohols. Because of their excellent solubility, they are widely used as solvent in recordable CDs, electronics, polymer and other industries. Applications: Fluorinated alcohols were used as surface modifying agents, through chain transfer mechanism in cationic UV curing of an epoxy system. Fluorinated organic liquids or crystal substances with tailor made set of physical and chemical properties find the following numerous applications: floatation reagents for recovery of gold, platinum and silver from ores at concentration plants (permits to increases gold recovery by 30%), solvents in the production of CD and DVD disks, working fluids in immersed pumps for oil extraction. Flourinated alcohols constitute components of high temperature oils, heat carrying liquids, lubricants and glues, cloth impregnating additives to protect against moisture and contaminants. Fluorinated alcohols are also used in the synthesis of fluorine containing pesticides, pharmaceuticals and dyes. TFEA: 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol (TFEA) can be miscible with water and most organic solvents and is an excellent solvent. It is also an intermediate for pharmaceuticals and pesticides, mainly used in the synthesis of narcotics such as desflurane, isoflurane alkyl, flecainide, silodosin and lansoprazole, as well as pesticides such as trifloxysulfuron and triflusulfuron-methyl. It can also be used for the synthesis of poly(trifluoroethyl methacrylate), fluorinated phosphazene rubber and fluorine-containing polyurethane polymer. It is also used in optical fiber, paints, rubber products and contact lenses and used as a solvent in the synthesis of organics and polymers as well as chemical analysis. TFP: 2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropanol (TFP) is a new fluorine containing solvent and used as a paint solvent and release agent in recordable CDs, a cleaning agent in microelectronics and optoelectronics and a processing aid for intermediates, fluorine resin and fluorine rubber. It is also widely used in photographic colour makeup agents and textile finishing agents. TFP can be used to produce a variety of halogenated aromatic alkyl ethers, polyfluoroalkoxy propionitrile, fluorinated olefins, fluorinated diols and vulcanized rubber. It has no damage to the atmosphere and is a superior alternative to Freon cleaning agents. In the world, more than 70% of TFP is used for the production of recordable CDs, 20% is used in a variety of cleaning agents and surfactants, and 10% is used for the synthesis of sodium tetrafluoropropionate (a pesticide) and other products.
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HYDROXYPROPYL CARBAMATE ACRYLATE (HPCA) -Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

PRODUCT PROFILE Hydroxypropyl carbamate acrylate (HPCA) is a new specialty monomer that is generated by the biotech process. It has several advantages for its use in the manufacture of carbamate based polymers, when compared with conventionally produced material. Hydroxypropyl carbamate acrylate (HPCA) enables crosslinkable carbamate units to be incorporated into the polymer in just one step. HPCA is a new specialty monomer that is generated by the biotech process. It has several advantages for its use in the manufacture of carbamate based polymers, when compared with conventionally produced material. Processing of Hydroxypropyl Carbamate Acrylate: The HPCA is generated by the enzymatic trans esterification of hydroxypropyl carbamate and ethyl acrylate. The transesterification of ethyl acrylate with hydroxypropyl carbamate is performed in tank. This involves initially charging hydroxypropyl carbamate (isomer mixture) and ethyl acrylate, and also hydroquinone monomethyl ether. The entire system was inertized with lean air (nitrogen/oxygen mixture with oxygen content 6%). The enzyme reactor connected in the external pumped circulation system comprised of lipase. The reaction was performed at 40° C. and 90 mbar. The ethanol formed was distilled off continuously as an azeotrope with ethyl acrylate by means of a column. Over the entire reaction time of 24 h, a stream of 5 kg/h from the tank bottoms was conducted via the top of the column in order to prevent polymerization. The conversion was 90% after 24 h of reaction time. Subsequently, the crude product present in ethyl acrylate was washed twice with 1/10 each time of the total volume of water, which removed the unconverted reactant. The pure product obtained was hydroxypropyl carbamate acrylate in a purity of >95% (GC analysis). Applications of Hydroxypropyl Carbamate Acrylate: One potential area for application would be adhesives. For example, HPCA can be hardened either thermally or using UV light. Here, the free carbamate group can have a positive impact on both adhesion and cohesion, in this way making it possible to improve adhesive properties. HPCA has already proven itself in clear coat systems for the automotive industry. One component coatings with HPCA achieve a comparable performance level to two component coatings, for example with regard to weather and scratch resistance. In contrast to two-component coatings, one-component coatings are easier to use in applications and are more cost efficient.
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