Cashew Products

India is the largest producer, processor, exporter, and the second largest consumer of cashew kernels in the world.

Cashew processing is a highly labour-intensive activity. The processing is carried out in multiple factories located in different places. Grading and packaging of finished products are centralized due to marketable quantity accumulation requirements. The industry is highly dependent on imported raw-materials for value addition. The export marketing is highly competitive. Hence, growth in the indigenous production is a must for the existence and growth of the industry. Currently, domestic production is hardly half of the requirement. The domestic cashew processing industry requires 12 lakh tonnes of cashew a year for fully utilizing the installed capacity.

Maharashtra, Orissa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala are the major cashew producing states among the 15 other state in the country. The domestic consumption of cashew or the wonder nut, mainly used in many Indian sweets, pastries and gravies, would also grow in the range of 8-10% in the current fiscal, according to reports. Of the total raw cashew nut only 20-25% is the out put of the kernel.India, which produces around five lakh tonnes of raw cashew, imports another seven lakh tonnes every year to meet the requirement of processing sector. The various cashew kernels include cashew kernels (raw, salted or roasted), Cashew Nut Shell Liquid etc.

There exists good market in India for Cashew nut and tremendous export potential. The markets for processed cashew nuts are growing.Cashew kernel export is also expected to grow in value terms at Rs 2,500 crore against Rs 2,288.90 crore in 2007-08, according to the estimates by the Cashew Promotion Council of India. In terms of quantity, exports are likely to go up by about 5% in the coming years.

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Cashewnuts Processing (Dried & Fried)

Dried and fried cashewnut possess pleasant taste and flavour. They are mostly eaten fried, and are sometimes salted or sugared. They are used in large quantities by sweet meat dealers and confectioners. More than 70 % of the cashewnut production of India is from the West Coast, Ratnagiri, North Kanara and Malabar districts in Madras, Cochin, Travancore. The dried and fried cashewnut industry in India has the highest rate of productivity in the world. Given the raw materials and right incentives, the industry can generate export to the extent of 1000 crores by this century and provide the type of growth needed in the national economy. This is indeed, a very good prospect for entrepreneurs.
Plant capacity: 1 MT/ DayPlant & machinery: Rs. 13 Lakhs
Working capital: Rs. 26 LakhsT.C.I: Rs. 167 Lakhs
Return: 58.43%Break even: 29.78%
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Cashew Fruit Juice from Cashew Apple

Cashew apple juice has multifarious uses viz. as a beverage for drinking purposes, for wine manufacture & cashew feni, and its consumption in hotels, restaurants, juice corner or various occasions etc. makes it a demandable product. The product has got very good scope.
Plant capacity: 1500 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs. 44 Lacs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Rs. 107 Lacs
Return: 58.42%Break even: N/A
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Activated Carbon From Cashew Nut Shell

Carbon is probably the most widely distributed element in nature. It occurs in two allotropic crystalline forms, viz. Graphite (hexagonal system) and diamond (isomeric system), the former is soft and black where diamond is hard and transparent. Charcoal coke and carbon black classified as amorphous carbon, are considered by same to represent a third form, they are said to be composed of very minute crystals of graphite by others. Carbon is an essential constituent of all vegetable and animal matter in which constituent and other elements in immense variety of oxygen and other elements in immense variety of compounds. Decolorizing carbon is used for removing or improving the colour and flavour of edible materials, such as agar, beer, cider, wines, fruit juice, cocoa butter, dephenolizing effluent gas works liquor, preparation of biological products, recovering iodine from seawater and bromine from brines, gas absorbent carbon is employed for the recovery of gasoline from natural gas. It is very clear that there exists very good scope for this product and it can be exploited easily. It is good field for a new entrepreneur.
Plant capacity: 2 Mt/DayPlant & machinery: 34 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 122 Lakhs
Return: 44.00%Break even: 48.00%
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CASHEW SHELL LIQUID & KERNEL PROCESSING

Cashew was introduced in India by the Portuguese four centuries ago mainly to prevent soil eorosion. Cashew ranks second among the nine tree nuts which figure prominently in International trade circles, first being almond. Cashew nut shell oil (Cashew nut shell liquid) is versatile raw material. It is a by product of cashew processing units. CNSL and resins made from it are widely used is lamination, brake lining, electrical insulation, surface coatings, printing inks etc. and therefore, find a ready market. Cashew nut shell liquid allied cashew products has good export market. So new entrepreneurs can enter in the field of cashew nut shell liquid and kernel processing project.
Plant capacity: 500 KG/DayPlant & machinery: 22 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 154 Lakhs
Return: 49.00%Break even: 34.00%
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CASHEW NUT SHELL LIQUID (USING WASTE SHELL)

Cashew (Botanical name Anacardium Occidentale) is introduced in India by the portugese four centuries ago mainly to prevent soil errosion. Cashew rank second among the nine trees which figure prominently in international trees. The cashew nut shell liquid is an important raw material for a number of polymer base industries like paints and varnishes, industrial and decorative laminates, brake linings and rubber compounding resin. CNSL is used commercially as a phenolic raw material for the manufacture of certain resin and plastic. In particular, it is used as a friction modifier in the manufacture of industrial belting and clutches. It is also used for reinforcing synthetic rubber and in laminating or impregnating material where oil acid resistance is required. Other uses include the manufacture of lacquer, electrical insulation materials, etc. India is largest producer, consumer and exporter of cashew nut. The cashew is chiefly grown in coastal districts of India. Ratnagiri and North Kanara district in Mumbai, Tiruchirapalli, Tanjore district in Tamil Nadu state are the main grower of cashew. The cashew nut is about 2-4 cm long and kidney shaped. Its shells are about 3mm thick having soft leathery outer skin and a thin harder inner skin. Between the phenolic materials commercially known as cashew nut shell liquid. CNSL has good future prospects due to its multi end uses, so new entrepreneurs can well venture into this field.
Plant capacity: 21 MT/Day C.N.S.LPlant & machinery: 42 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 501 Lakhs
Return: 51.00%Break even: 34.00%
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CARDANOL from cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL)

Cardanol is a naturally occurring phenol manufactured from cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL), a by product of cashew nut processing. Distillation of CNSL under reduced pressure gives cardanol. The residue will be rich in cardanol which is conveniently used in friction dust for brake lining, also in rubber compounding formulation. Cardanol phenol resin was developed in the 1920s by Mortimer T. Harvey a student of Columbia University. Cardanol is a phenol obtained from anacardic acid, the main component of CNSL, a by product of cashew nut processing. Cardanol based resin posses an outstanding resistance to acid and alkalies. Chlorinated cardanol is reported to have good insecticidal, pesticidal and germicidal properties. Co-polymer of cardanol with other film forming material give good quality lacquer giving golden yellow films both of drying and baking type. India is one of the leading countries in commercial processing of raw cashew nut. Quillon in Kerala state is into majorly processing of shell. Cashew nut shell occupy a important place in India export. There is wide scope for new entrepreneurs to venture into this project.
Plant capacity: 10 MT/DayPlant & machinery: 70 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 717 Lakhs
Return: 49.00%Break even: 30.00%
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CASHEW NUT SHELL LIQUID & KERNEL PROCESSING

Cashew was introduced in India by the Portuguese four centuries ago mainly to prevent soil erosion. It has been cultivated in several countries for a long time, but the credit for launching into commercial production and export of cashew kernels goes to India. At present India has a processing capacity over 1 million tonnes from 1098 processing units generating employment to over 0.5 million people in farms and factories. Three main cashew products are traded in the international market raw nuts, cashew kernels and cashew nut shell liquid (CNSL). A fourth product the cashew apple is generally processed and consumed locally. In Asiatic region, India is largest contributor of more than 60% of kernels, followed by Vietnam. The cashew has become a crop of high economy as it has moved from the crop of wasteland to a commercial crop. Few Major Players are as under: Kerala State Cashew Devp. Corpn. Ltd. , Kollam Moolchand Exports Ltd., Chennai Olam Exports (India) Ltd., Delhi P L International Ltd., Dakshina Kannada There is good export as well as domestic prospects for the cashew products. New entrepreneur enter in this project will be successful.
Plant capacity: 150 MT/Annum (Cashew Kernels), 120 MT /Annum (CNSL)Plant & machinery: 30 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 176 Lakhs
Return: 46.00%Break even: 39.00%
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CASHEW NUT SHELL LIQUID AND KERNEL PROCESSING

Cashew was introduced in India by the Portuguese four centuries ago mainly to prevent soil erosion. It has been cultivated in several countries for a long time, but the credit for launching into commercial production and export of cashew kernels goes to India. at present India has a processing capacity over 1 million tonnes from 1098 processing units generating employment to over 0.5 million people in farms and factories. Three main cashew products are traded in the international market raw nuts. Cashew kernels and cashew nut shell liquid. A fourth product the cashew apple is generally processed and consumed locally. India is largest contributor of more than 60% of kernels, followed by Vietnam. The cashew has become a crop of high economy as it has moved from the crop of wasteland to a commercial crop. The project is lucrative and can started by any one at the location where raw material is easily available.
Plant capacity: 150 MT/AnnumPlant & machinery: 30 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 177 Lakhs
Return: 46.00%Break even: 39.00%
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CASHEW NUT SHELL LIQUID & KERNEL PROCESSING

Cashew was introduced in India by the Portuguese four centuries ago mainly to prevent soil erosion. Cashew ranks second among the nine tree nuts which figure prominently in international trade circles, first being almond. The cashew adapts to various types of soil and climatic conditions and is hardy and draught resistant tree. India is the largest producer, consumer and exporter of cashew nut. It is grown in Kerala, Karnataka, Goa and Maharashtra along the west coast, and Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa and West Bengal along the East coast to a limited extent Madhya Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya and Tripura also share its cultivation and production. Cashew nut processing allows for the development of an important by products, which can increase its added value. The liquid inside the shell represents 15 percent of the gross weight and has some attractive possible medicinal and industrial uses. CNSL is one of the few natural resins that is highly heat resistant and is used in braking system and in paint manufacture. It contains a compound known as anacardium, which is used to treat dermatological disorders. The main markets for CNSL are the United States, the European Union, Japan and Republic of Korea. Together these account for over ninety percent of world trade, most of which is supplied by India and Brazil. Cashew plays a prominent role in the Indian economy. It is commercially important because of substantial export earnings India gains by it international trade. Raw cashew nut is major raw material for processing industries in India. There is very wide scope and good market potential of products manufactured in this sector. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Amigo Exports Ltd. B G H Exim Ltd. Karnataka Cashew Devp. Corpn. Ltd. Kerala State Cashew Devp. Corpn. Ltd. Kisan Cold Storage & Refrigeration Service Ltd. M A C Agro Inds. Ltd. Mac Industries Ltd. Mangalya Trading & Investments Ltd. Moolchand Exports Ltd. North Eastern Regional Agri. Mktg. Corp. Ltd. Olam Exports (India) Ltd. Orissa State Cashew Devp. Corpn. Ltd. Padmavathi Cashews & Coffee Ltd. S T C L Ltd. State Farming Corpn. Of Kerala Ltd. State Trading Corpn. Of India Ltd. Tata Coffee Ltd. Cost Estimation: Capacity : 150 MT/Annum 2MT Cashew Nut Processing/Day 0.40 CNSL/Day 1 MT Waste Shells/Day
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: 32 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project : 159 Lakhs
Return: 49.00%Break even: 37.00%
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Cashew Nut Kernels & Shell Liquid

Cashew (Botanical name Anacardium Occidentale) was introduced in India by the Portuguese four centuries ago mainly to prevent soil erosion. Cashew ranks second among the nine tree nuts which figure prominently in international trade circles, first being Almond. The cashew adapts to various types of soils and climatic conditions and is hardy and draught resistant tree. Indian cashew industry is characterized by a marked cultural dualism between small scale growers and corporate sectors. Cashew is cultivated in India over an area of 0.77 million ha. At present India has a processing capacity over 1 million tonnes from 1098 processing units generating employment to over 0.5 million people in farms and factories. In the factory sector, 95 per cent are women workers from the lowest strata of the society. India exports nearly 65 per cent of the world cashew export to different destinations all over the world. More than 50 percent of the domestic production is consumed in the domestic market. USES OF CASHEW: Cashews have served nutritional, medicinal and wartime needs. More recently, they have been used in the manufacture of adhesives, resins and natural insecticides. During World War II, the cashew tree became highly prized as the source of valuable oil drawn from the shell. The cashew kernel is a rich source of fat (46 percent) and protein (18 percent) and is a good source of calcium, phosphorus and iron. It has a high percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids, in particular, the essential fatty acid linoleic acid. The tart apple is a source of vitamin C, calcium and iron. The bark, leaves, gum and shell are all used in medicinal applications. The leaves and bark are commonly used to relieve toothache and sore gums, and the boiled water extract of the leaf or bark is used as a mouth wash. MARKET SCENARIO: The Indian Cashew industry is almost export oriented. In Indian cashew processing factories, over 95 per cent of the workers are women. Today, the major cashew producing States in India are Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Maharashtra and Orissa. India is the largest producer and exporter of cashew kernels in the world. Over 65 per cent of the world export of cashew kernels is accounted for by India. Indian cashews are consumed in as many as 60 countries all over the world. The Indian cashew kernel is well acclaimed for its good quality, taste and appearance. Sometimes cashew nuts are called natures vitamin pill, India is largest producer, processor, exporter and second largest consumer of cashew in the world with annual production of 6, 20,000 MT. The cashew industries in India employed different unit operations/ methodology for processing depend on variety of raw material, location, technological mechanization and availability of secured energy supply.
Plant capacity: 150 MT/annumPlant & machinery: 40 lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 235 Lakhs
Return: 45.18%Break even: 38.73%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
  • We can modify the project capacity and project cost as per your requirement.
  • We can also prepare project report on any subject as per your requirement.
  • Caution: The project's cost, capacity and return are subject to change without any notice. Future projects may have different values of project cost, capacity or return.

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