Carbon Fiber,Carbon Fiber Composites, Graphite Fibre and Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer

Carbon fibers or carbon fibres (alternatively CF, graphite fiber or graphite fibre) are fibers about 5–10 micrometres in diameter and composed mostly of carbon atoms.To produce a carbon fiber, the carbon atoms are bonded together in crystals that are more or less aligned parallel to the long axis of the fiber as the crystal alignment gives the fiber high strength-to-volume ratio (making it strong for its size). Several thousand carbon fibers are bundled together to form a tow, which may be used by itself or woven into a fabric.

Carbon fiber material has a wide range of applications, as it can be formed at various densities in limitless shapes and sizes. Carbon fiber is often shaped into tubing, fabric, and cloth, and can be custom-formed into any number of composite parts and pieces.

Carbon fiber reinforced polymer, carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced thermoplastic (CFRP, CRP, CFRTP or often simply carbon fiber, or even carbon), is an extremely strong and light fiber-reinforced plastic which contains carbon fibers. CFRPs can be expensive to produce but are commonly used wherever high strength-to-weight ratio and rigidity are required, such as aerospace, automotive, civil engineering, sports goods and an increasing number of other consumer and technical applications.

Graphite composites have exceptional mechanical properties which are unequalled by other materials. The material is strong, stiff, and lightweight. Graphite composite is the material of choice for applications where lightweight & superior performance is paramount, such as components for spacecrafts, fighter aircrafts, and race cars.

Composite materials are made by combining reinforcement (fiber) with matrix (resin), and this combination of the fiber and matrix provide characteristics superior to either of the materials alone. In a composite material, the fiber carry majority of the load, and is the major contributor in the material properties. The resin helps to transfer load between fibers, prevents the fibers from buckling, and binds the materials together.

Graphite fibers (sometimes called carbon fibers) are made from organic polymer such as polyacrylonitrile.

·         Graphite and carbon fibers are extensively used in high‐strength, high‐modulus applications.

– Graphite fibers have carbon content in excess of 99%.

– Carbon fibers have carbon content in the range 80‐95%

·         Fiber’s carbon content depends on processing method for these fibers.

·         Significantly more expensive than glass fibers. 

·         Key application areas include aerospace, sporting, railway, infrastructure, automotive, oil drilling, as well as consumer sector industries. 

·         Graphite structure consists of hexagonally packed carbon atoms in layers, and several such layers are interconnected through weak van der Waals forces. Thus, such a structure structure generates:

– High inplane modulus

– Significantly less modulus in out‐plane direction


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Carbon Composite Fiber - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Carbon Composite fibre is produced from the raw material used PAN, pitch etc. Quality of composite carbon fibre produced from PAN is much better than the product produced from the pitch. It is one of high technology base product with fair market demands in India. Carbon fibers are black fibers used as yarns felt or powder like short mono filaments with diameters smaller than 10 mm. They are mainly applied to reinforce polymers, much like glass fibers have been used for decades in fiber glass. It has special used in the special type industries like aeronautical industry, automobile industry. There is some organized and unorganized sectors are engaged in the manufacturing of carbon fibers. The market demand growth of it is 3.5 %. There is a fair scope for new entrants in this field.
Plant capacity: 500 Kgs/dayPlant & machinery: 238 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: 520 Lakhs
Return: 36.00%Break even: 40.00%
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CARBON FIBRE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

PRODUCT PROFILE Carbon fiber is the common name used to refer to plastic reinforced by a graphite textile. Less frequently, the term is used to describe the textile itself, but it is pretty much useless unless embedded in plastic. Carbon fiber is known alternatively as carbon fiber reinforced plastic or carbon fiber composite. Carbon fibers are a new breed of high strength materials. Carbon fiber has been described as a fiber containing at least 90% carbon obtained by the controlled pyrolysis of appropriate fibers. Carbon fiber composites are ideally suited to applications where strength, stiffness, lower weight, and outstanding fatigue characteristics are critical requirements. They also can be used in the occasion where high temperature, chemical inertness and high damping are important. The carbon fibre composites are formed combining carbon fibres with a resin matrix (examples include epoxy. polyester, themoplastic, vinyl ester, phenolic types etc). The carbon fibre is the primary load carrier and the resin matrix supports the fibres and transfers the load between fibres. PROPERTIES OF CARBON FIBERS: • High flexibility, • High tensile strength, • Low weight, high resistance, • High temperature tolerance and • Low thermal expansion, These properties make them very popular in aerospace, civil engineering, military, and motorsports, along with other competition sports. CARBON FIBRES ARE CLASSIFIED ON THE BASIS OF: • Carbon fiber properties • Precursor fiber materials • Final heat treatment temperature APPLICATIONS OF CARBON FIBERS:- Global demand for high strength, light weight and durable fiber is growing; typical applications in: • Portable power • Rechargeable batteries and fuel cell electrodes • Fiber reinforced plastics, FRP • Energy production; windmill blades • Building and construction materials: concrete and asphalt reinforcements, soil erosion barriers • Electronics, composite materials for automotives & general transportation, • Specialty and niche markets. Carbon fiber is most notably used to reinforce composite materials, particularly the class of materials known as carbon fiber or graphite reinforced polymers. The fiber also finds use in filtration of high temperature gases, as an electrode with high surface area and impeccable corrosion resistance, and as an anti-static component. Molding a thin layer of carbon fibers significantly improves fire resistance of polymers or thermoset composites because a dense, compact layer of carbon fibers efficiently reflects heat. The two main applications of carbon fibers are in specialized technology, which includes aerospace and nuclear engineering, and in general engineering and transportation, which includes engineering components such as bearings, gears, cams, fan blades and automobile bodies. GLOBAL SCENARIO: The global demand on carbon fiber composites was valued at roughly US$10.8 billion in 2009, which declined 8 to 10% from the previous year. It is expected to reach US$13.2 billion by 2012 and to increase to US$18.6 billion by 2015 with an annual growth rate of 7% or more. Strongest demands come from aircraft & aerospace, wind energy as well as automotive industry. Around90 percent of all commercial carbon fibers are produced by the thermal conversion of PAN precursor fibers. Commercially available PAN fibers are used as precursors to produce carbon fibers in large tow counts, having up to 24k filaments. Indian Import is around 3 metric tons. Consumption by other manufacturing industries is growing even faster, by about 15% per year.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Carbon Fibers Composites - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Carbon fiber is composed of carbon atoms bonded together to form a long chain. The fibers are extremely stiff, strong, and light, and are used in many processes to create excellent building materials. Carbon fiber material comes in a variety of raw building-blocks, including yarns, uni-directional, weaves, braids, and several others, which are in turn used to create composite parts. Within each of these categories are many sub-categories of further refinement. For example, different types of carbon fiber weaves result in different properties for the composite part, both in fabrication, as well as final product. Strength, Stiffness, and Comparisons with Other Materials Carbon fiber is extremely strong. It is typical in engineering to measure the benefit of a material in terms of strength to weight ratio and stiffness to weight ratio, particularly in structural design, where added weight may translate into increased lifecycle costs or unsatisfactory performance. Carbon fiber composites are also significantly more expensive than traditional materials. Working with carbon fiber requires a high skill level and many intricate processes to produce high quality building materials (for example, solid carbon sheets, sandwich laminates, tubes, etc). Very high skill level and specialized tooling and machinery are required to create custom-fabricated, highly optimized parts and assemblies. Many different types of materials are used to create composites like Honeycomb, Foams, and Wood etc. Uses and Applications Carbon fiber composites provide an alternative to conventional materials, for example steel, aluminum, and fiberglass, for the construction of lightweight trusses and frame structures. The first construction method for these types of carbon fiber structures is using tubes and gussets. Uni-direction carbon fiber can be added to individual members to increase bending/axial stiffness and strength. Likewise, gusset thickness and geometry can be adjusted to ensure proper shear stress transfer through the joints. An alternative lightweight, and often cost-effective, carbon fiber construction method is using our patent-pending connectors and pultruded carbon fiber tubes In addition, the skills necessary for construction of this type of structure are relatively easy to master. Market survey Indian Carbon Fiber Composites Market is forecast to Reach USD 53 million in nearby future. Once the domain of aerospace and space applications in India, carbon fiber composites are increasingly being used in a host of new industrial applications where material cost is secondary to performance, high strength and reduced weight considerations. Indian carbon fiber composites market poised for dramatic growth and expects to reach USD 53 million by 2018. The industrial market is expected to witness very strong growth, followed by aerospace segment. Consumer goods market expects to post slow growth between 2013 and 2018. Currently, the market for carbon fiber composites is estimated at $10 billion (USD) globally, and observers expect that it could reach as high as $40 billion by 2022. Aspiring and established carbon fiber manufacturers and a variety of marketing partners are positioning themselves to meet the vastly increasing need for raw fiber and fibrous reinforcement products. After 2020, further cost reductions – primarily driven by the hybridization of composite components (combining continuous fibers and other materials such as metal or short fibers) – will lead to a significant market expansion. The expectation is that these hybrids can be produced with processes similar to pure composites. The volume of high-strength Carbon Fibre components produced worldwide is set to grow by 17% a year until 2020. In key sectors of industry, like automotives, aeronautics and wind energy, we are already seeing the use of large quantities of continuous fiber-reinforced components. With the growing importance of lightweight construction across various industries, there will be strong growth in demand for these products going forward, assuming that production costs fall.
Plant capacity: 1 MT/Day.Plant & machinery: Rs.70 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:Rs.544 Lakhs.
Return: 31.00%Break even: 60.00%
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Carbon Fiber - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Carbon fibers have been under continuous development for the last 50 years. The properties of carbon fibers, such as high stiffness, high tensile strength, low weight, high chemical resistance, high temperature tolerance and low thermal expansion, make them very popular in aerospace, civil engineering, military, and motorsports, along with other competition sports. However, they are relatively expensive when compared to similar fibers, such as glass fibers or plastic fibers. Carbon fibers are usually combined with other materials to form a composite. When combined with a plastic resin and wound or molded it forms carbon fiber reinforced polymer (often referred to as carbon fiber) which has a very high strength-to-weight ratio, and is extremely rigid although somewhat brittle. However, carbon fibers are also composited with other materials, such as with graphite to form carbon-carbon composites, which have a very high heat tolerance. Carbon fiber is most notably used to reinforce composite materials, particularly the class of materials known as carbon fiber or graphite reinforced polymers. Non-polymer materials can also be used as the matrix for carbon fibers. Due to the formation of metal carbides and corrosion considerations, carbon has seen limited success in metal matrix composite applications. Reinforced carbon-carbon (RCC) consists of carbon fiber-reinforced graphite, and is used structurally in high-temperature applications. The fiber also finds use in filtration of high-temperature gases, as an electrode with high surface area and impeccable corrosion resistance, and as an anti-static component. European companies consume 46% of the quantity of carbon fiber used worldwide in the aerospace and defence sector while their counterparts in the USA use a further 33%. Furthermore, 86% of the carbon fiber used in the area of sport/leisure is processed in China, a result of pricing pressure and the fact that this sector is now primarily dominated by mass production methods. The future of Carbon Fiber is very bright, with vast potential in many different industries. As a whole it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest.
Plant capacity: Carbon Fibre: 1000 Kgs/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 173 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs 543 Lakhs
Return: 27.00%Break even: 57.00%
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