Best Business Opportunities in Tamil Nadu- Identification and Selection of right Project, Thrust areas for Investment, Industry Startup and Entrepreneurship Projects

Automotive Industry: Project Opportunities in Tamil Nadu

 

PROFILE:

The automotive industry in India is one of the largest in the world and one of the fastest growing globally. India's passenger car and commercial vehicle manufacturing industry is the seventh largest in the world, with an annual production of more than 3.7 million units in 2010. Automotive industry is the key driver of any growing economy. It plays a pivotal role in country's rapid economic and industrial development. It caters to the requirement of equipment for basic industries like steel, non-ferrous metals, fertilisers, refineries, petrochemicals, shipping, textiles, plastics, glass, rubber, capital equipments, logistics, paper, cement, sugar, etc. It facilitates the improvement in various infrastructure facilities like power, rail and road transport. Due to its deep forward and backward linkages with almost every segment of the economy, the industry has a strong and positive multiplier effect and thus propels progress of a nation. The automotive industry comprises of the automobile and the auto component sectors.

 

RESOURCES:

Tamil Nadu is being popularly hailed as “Detroit” of India as it has a large Automobile and Ancillary sector. Automobile industry plays a crucial role in the State economy and has been one of the key driving factors, contributing 8% to State GDP and giving direct employment to 2,20,000 people. More than100 companies in the Automotive and Auto Ancillary industry are located in this state, maintaining highest production norms by implementing internationally recognized quality standards. Chennai has emerged as India's largest automobile and auto components exporter in India. Hyundai has made Chennai the manufacturing and export hub for its small cars. Tamil Nadu has the largest auto components industry base. Currently, Tamil Nadu accounts for above 32% of India's production capacity. Automobile manufacturers operate "Just - in-Time" avoiding inventory costs. The state has a well-developed automotive and auto component industry. It is the hub of Indian automobiles industry. Several automobile and automobile ancillary units are located in Tamil Nadu. It has manufacturing facilities across the automotive spectrum from tractors to battle tanks. Global auto majors like, Hindustan Motors and Mitsubishi have commenced production plants. Ashok Leyland and TAFE have set up expansion plants in Chennai. Fortune 500 companies such as Hyundai and Ford have established manufacturing facilities in the state.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Government brought out a very innovative Policy "Ultra Mega Policy for Integrated Automobile Projects" that offers a very attractive package of support to automobile projects investing more than Rs.4000 Crores. As a result of this Policy, since May 2006, investments attracted by Tamil Nadu is automobiles & components manufacturing is Rs.21900 Crores, almost 5 times of the Investments attracted during previous 15 years (May 1991-April 2006). The total employment potential in these new projects is: 1.20 lakhs (direct + Indirect). Govt of India is currently implementing a project "National Automotive Testing R&D Infrastructure Project" (NATRIP) in Oragdam near Chennai at a project cost of about Rs.450 Crores. This project aims at facilitating introduction of world-class automotive safety, emission and performance standards in India as also ensure seamless integration of our automotive industry with the global industry.

 

Textile: Project Opportunities in Tamil Nadu

 

PROFILE:

The textile industry is primarily concerned with the production of yarn, and cloth and the subsequent design or manufacture of clothing and their distribution. The raw material may be natural or synthetic using products of the chemical industry. India Textile Industry is one of the leading textile industries in the world. Though was predominantly unorganized industry even a few years back, but the scenario started changing after the economic liberalization of Indian economy in 1991. The opening up of economy gave the much-needed thrust to the Indian textile industry, which has now successfully become one of the largest in the world.

RESOURCES:

Tamil Nadu has traditional strengths in the textile sector. In the post-quota abolition regime, the Textile Industry has tremendous opportunities for growth as well as challenges to be met. Availability of cotton at fair prices and at right quality, the backlog in modernization, supply of inputs particularly credit and power at reasonable rates etc. are all essential for the textile industry to be competitive in an increasingly uncertain trading environment. The Handlooms, Power looms, Hi-Tech Weaving Parks, Garments & Hosiery, Processing Apparel Park are important components of the textile industry.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

 

The Ministry of Textiles in India has formulated numerous policies and schemes for the development of the textile industry in India. The government of India has been following a policy of promoting and encouraging the handloom sector through a number of programmes. Most of the schematic interventions of the government of India in the ninth and tenth plan period have been through the state agencies and co-operative societies in the handloom industries. Some of the major acts relating to textile industry include: Central Silk Board Act, 1948, The Textiles Committee Act, 1963, The Handlooms Act, 1985, Cotton Control Order, 1986, The Textile Undertakings Act, 1995Government of India is earnestly trying to provide all the relevant facilities for the textile industry to utilize its full potential and achieve the target. The textile industry is presently experiencing an average annual growth rate of 9-10% and is expected to grow at a rate of 16% in value, which will eventually reach the target of US $ 115 billion by 2012. The clothing and apparel sector are expected to grow at a rate of 21 %t in value terms.

 

Leather: Project Opportunities in Tamil Nadu

 

PROFILE:

Leather Industry occupies a place of prominence in the Indian economy in view of its massive potential for employment, growth and exports. There has been increasing emphasis on its planned development, aimed at optimum utilisation of available raw materials for maximising the returns, particularly from exports.  The leather and leather products industry is one of India’s oldest manufacturing industries that catered to the international market right from the middle of the nineteenth century. The leather industry employs about 2.5 million people and has annual turnover of Rs. 25,000 crores. India is the third largest leather producer in the world after China and Italy

RESOURCES:

Leather industry in Tamil Nadu is considered to be very ancient and some say it is of more than two centuries old. The state accounts for 70 per cent of leather tanning capacity in India and 38 per cent of leather footwear and components. The exports from Tamil Nadu are valued at about US $ 762 million, which accounts for 42 per cent of Indian leather exports. Hundreds of leather and tannery industries are located around Vellore, Dindigul and Erode its nearby towns such as Ranipet, Ambur, Perundurai, Nilakottai and Vaniyambadi. The Vellore district is the top exporter of finished leather goods in the country. That leather accounts for more than 37% of the country's Export of Leather and Leather related products such as finished leathers, shoes, garments, gloves and so on. The tanning industry in India has a total installed capacity of 225 million pieces of hide and skins of which Tamil Nadu alone contributes to an inspiring 70%. Leather industry occupies a pride of place in the industrial map of Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu enjoys a leading position with 40% share in India's export.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Government policies in support of the industry:

• The entire leather sector is now de-licensed and de-reserved, paving way for expansion on modern lines with state-of-the art machinery and equipment

• 100% Foreign Direct Investment and Joint Ventures permitted through the automatic route

• 100% repatriation of profit and dividends, if investments made in convertible foreign currency. Only declaration to this effect to the Reserve Bank is required.

• Promotion of industrial parks (one leather park in Andhra Pradesh, one leather goods park in West Bengal, one footwear park in Tamil Nadu and one footwear components park in Chennai).

• Funding support for modernizing manufacturing facilities 

• Funding support for establishing design studios

• Duty free import of raw materials (namely raw skins, hides, semi finished leather and finished leather) and of embellishments and components under specific scheme

• Concessional duty on import of specified machinery for use in leather sector

• Duty neutralization / remission scheme

Food Processing: Project Opportunities in Tamil Nadu

 

PROFILE:

India is the world's second largest producer of food next to China, and has the potential of being the biggest with the food and agricultural sector. The Indian food processing industry stands at $135 billion and is estimated to grow with a CAGR of 10 per cent to reach $200 billion by 2015. The food processing industry in India is witnessing rapid growth. In addition to the demand side, there are changes happening on the supply side with the growth in organised retail, increasing FDI in food processing and introduction of new products. India's food processing sector covers fruit and vegetables; meat and poultry; milk and milk products, alcoholic beverages, fisheries, plantation, grain processing and other consumer product groups like confectionery, chocolates and cocoa products, Soya-based products, mineral water, high protein foods etc.

RESOURCES:

Tamil Nadu has historically been an agricultural state and is a leading producer of agricultural products in India. In 2008, Tamil Nadu was India's fifth biggest producer of Rice. The total cultivated area in the State was 5.60 million hectares in 2009-10. The state is the largest producer of bananas, flowers, tapioca, the second largest producer of mango, natural rubber, coconut, groundnut and the third largest producer of coffee, sapota, Tea and Sugarcane. Tamil Nadu's sugarcane yield per hectare is the highest in India. Among states in India, Tamil Nadu is one of the leaders in livestock, poultry and fisheries production. Tamil Nadu had the second largest number of poultry amongst all the states and accounted for 17.7% of the total poultry population in India. With the third longest coastline in India, Tamil Nadu represented 27.54% of the total value of fish and fishery products exported by India in 2006.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Tamil Nadu government has come out with following policies :

·         Raise in processed foods in the market from 1% to 10%.

·         Raise value addition levels from 7% to 30 %

·         Food processing industry is one of the growing areas identified for exports. Free Trade Zones (FTZ) and Export Processing Zones (EPZ) have been set up with all infrastructures. Also, setting up of 100% Export oriented units (EOU) is encouraged in other areas. They may import free of duty all types of goods, including capital foods.

·         Capital goods, including spares up to 20% of the CIF value of the Capital goods may be imported at a concessional rate of Customs duty subject to certain export obligations under the EPCG scheme, Export Promotion Capital Goods. Export linked duty free imports are also allowed.

·         Units in EPZ/FTZ and 100% Export oriented units can retain 50% of foreign exchange receipts in foreign currency accounts.

·         50% of the production of EPZ/FTZ and 100% EOU units is saleable in domestic tariff area.

Paper industry: Project Opportunities in Tamil Nadu

 

PROFILE:

Paper Industry in India is riding on a strong demand and on an expanding mood to meet the projected demand of 8 million tons by 2010 & 13 million tons by 2020. The Indian Paper Industry is a booming industry and is expected to grow in the years to come. The usage of paper cannot be ignored and this awareness is bound to bring about changes in the paper industry for the better. It is a well known fact that the use of plastic is being objected to these days. The reason being, there are few plastics which do not possess the property of being degradable, as such, use of plastic is being discouraged. Excessive use of non degradable plastics upsets the ecological equilibrium. The Paper industry is a priority sector for foreign collaboration and foreign equity participation upto 100% receives automatic approval by Reserve Bank of India. Several fiscal incentives have also been provided to the paper industry, particularly to those mills which are based on non-conventional raw material.

RESOURCES:

Tamil Nadu continues to be one of the forerunners in the production of paper and paper products. There are 74 paper mills in operation in Tamil Nadu. The total paper production was 3.7 lakh tonnes in 2005 06 which accounts for 17.30% share of the national production, next only to Andhra Pradesh.  As the country’s forest cover is much below the desired level, the Government of Tamil Nadu established TNPL in 1979 to manufacture newsprint and paper using bagasse (sugarcane waste) as the primary raw material. This is the largest paper mill in India with an installed capacity of 230,000 TPA. Tamil Nadu Newsprint and Papers Limited (TNPL) was established by the Government of Tamil Nadu to produce newsprint and writing paper using bagasse, a sugarcane residue.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Several policy measures have been initiated in recent years to remove the bottlenecks of availability of raw materials and infrastructure development. To bridge the gap of short supply of raw materials, duty on pulp and waste paper and wood logs/chips have been reduced. In the year 1979, Government of Tamil Nadu established Tamil Nadu Newsprint and Papers Limited as a public limited company under the Companies Act, 1956. Commencing production in 1984, with the support of Government of Tamil Nadu, the company has made rapid strides and has emerged as the largest paper mill in India at a single location. With the on-going expansion plan to increase paper production capacity from the present 2.45 lakh tons to 4 lakh tons per annum, TNPL is poised to become a Rs.2000 crores company by 2011-12.

Cement Industry: Project Opportunities in Tamil Nadu

 

PROFILE:

India is the second largest producer of quality cement in the world. The cement industry in India comprises 139 large cement plants and over 365 mini cement plants. Industry's capacity at beginning of the year 2008-09 was 198.30 million tonne (MT) which increased to 219 MT at the close of the year. The initiatives provided by the Government of India to various infrastructure projects, road network and housing activities will provide required stimulus towards the growth of cement industry in India. Domestic demand for cement has been increasing at a fast pace in India & it has surpassed the economic growth of the country.

RESOURCES:

Tamil Nadu is a leading producer of cement in India. It has 13 major cement factories.  It is a home for leading brands in the country such as Chettinad Cements (Karur), Dalmia Cements (Ariyalur), Ramco Cements (Madras Cement Ltd.), India Cements (Sankakari, Ariyalur), Grasim etc. The production of cement in the State increased from 126 lakh tonnes in 2004-05 to 142.89 lakh tonnes in 2005-06 with a growth rate of 13.4% accounting for 10.08 % of cement production at the national level, occupying the 5th place.  However, it may be noted that, the cement production in the private sector has been showing an increasing trend whereas production in the public sector has decreased to 7.85 lakh tonnes from 8.06 lakh tonnes in the public sector for the corresponding period.

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

Government policies have affected the growth of cement plants in India in various stages. The control on cement for a long time and then partial decontrol and then total decontrol has contributed to the gradual opening up of the market for cement producers. The prices that primarily control the price of cement are coal, power tariffs, railway, freight, royalty and cess on limestone. Interestingly, all of these prices are controlled by government. Cement industry consumes about 5.5bn units of electricity annually while one ton of cement approximately requires 120-130 units of electricity. Power tariffs vary according to the location of the plant and on the production process. The state governments supply this input and hence plants in different states shall have different power tariffs. Another major hindrance to the industry is severe power cuts.

 

Waste management: Project Opportunities in Andhra Pradesh

PROFILE:

Waste utilization, recycling and reuse plays a major role in limiting resource consumption and the environmental impact of waste. Recycling is an integral part of any waste management system as it represents a key utilization alternative to reuse and energy recovery (Waste-to-Energy). Which option is ultimately chosen depends on the quality, purity and the market situation. Hazardous waste management is a new concept for most of the Asian countries including India. The lack of technical and financial resources and the regulatory control for the management of hazardous wastes in the past had led to the unscientific disposal of hazardous wastes in India, which posed serious risks to human, animal and plant life.

 

RESOURCES:

Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generation in Chennai, the fourth largest metropolitan city in India, has increased from 600 to 3500 tons per day (tpd) within 20 years. The highest per capita solid waste generation rate in India is in Chennai (0.6 kg/d). Chennai is divided into 10 zones of 155 wards and collection of garbage is carried out using door-to-door collection and street bin systems. The collected wastes are disposed at open dump sites located at a distance of 15 km from the city.  Recent investigations on reclamation and hazard potential of the sites indicate the need for the rehabilitation of the sites.  Chennai is the first city in India to contract out MSWM services to a foreign private agency- ONYX, a Singapore based company. The scope of privatization includes activities such as sweeping, collection, storing, transporting of MSW and creating public awareness in three municipal zones.  ONYX collects about 1100 Metric tons of waste from three zones per day and transports it to open dumps.

 

GOVERNMENT POLICIES:

National policy on waste management is set out in the October 1998 policy statement on waste management - Changing our Ways. It outlines the Government's policy objectives in relation to waste management, and suggests some key issues and considerations that must be addressed to achieve these objectives. The policy is firmly grounded in an internationally recognised hierarchy of options, namely prevention, minimisation, reuse/recycling, and the environmentally sustainable disposal of waste which cannot be prevented or recovered.

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MACARONI, VERMICELLI & ATTA NOODLES - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Macaroni are made from wheat flour, carbonic salt water, pure salt, soft water and other additives. Carbonic salt water with sodium or potassium carbonate as the main constituent is an important additive giving the stickiness, elasticity, smoothness and good taste. Mixing or compounding wheat powder and additives (powder state) or their solution, is the most important factor deciding the quantity of the dough (paste state) of the additives are incorporated, with wheat powder, either dissolved or dispersed in carbonic salt solution or in emulsion state. The quantity of water and salt used in the process differs in summer and winter, as viscosity and osmotic pressure are sensitive to temperature. Vermicelli is the symbol of religious festivals in India. It is prepared at the occasion of Rakshabandhan in the Hindu custom and at the occasion of Id-ul-fitter in the Muslim custom. Besides, it is regularly consumed by so many families as a sweet-dish, or curry or fired and salty. Atta instant noodles is a ready to cook and serve snack food which has become very popular in India in the recent years The noodles must contain 5.5% of the solids of eggs as percent of the total solid in the finished product. The egg solids can be put into the product by addition of frozen yolks, dried yolks, frozen whole eggs, dried whole eggs, or fresh whole eggs or yolks. As a whole it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Indo Nissin Foods Ltd. • M T R Foods Pvt. Ltd. • Nestle India Ltd. • Om Oil & Flour Mills Ltd. • Surya Agroils Ltd.
Plant capacity: Macaroni :1MT/Day •Vermicelli : 1MT/Day •Atta Noodles: 1MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 33 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Total Cost Of Investment:Rs 151 Lakhs
Return: 45.00%Break even: 39.00%
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METHYL METHACRYLATE - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

Methyl methacrylate (MMA) is an organic compound with the formula CH2=C(CH3)COOCH3. This colourless liquid, the methyl ester of methacrylic acid (MAA) is a monomer produced on a large scale for the production of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) but another major application is in surface coatings. MMA is also used as co monomer in methyl methacrylate butadiene styrene resins, used as a modifier for polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Methyl Methacrylate Monomer offers significant advantages as an additive in a wide range of copolymer-based products and is used in molding and extruded resins and extruded sheet (PMMA), in mineral surface composites, and coatings. Emerging uses of MMA in digital signboards and displays in the advertising industry and in optical applications such as LCD, LED screens, and flat panel displays in the electronics industry are stimulating growth in the market. Growing healthcare spending is spurring demand for PMMA in the production of medical devices. MMA is used for the production of pure or almost pure homopolymers (PMMA), but there is also wide variety of copolymer uses. Within the PMMA consumption categories, the largest is for cast and extruded transparent acrylic sheet (PMMA sheet). Liquid crystal displays : Acrylics is used in Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD) and the current and projected growth for large LCD screens for home theatre etc. has been a major driver for MMA expansions, especially in Asia, where virtually all the LCD manufacturing market is now concentrated. Moulding resins : MMA is used in the production of moulding resins (excluding the resin beads prepared for extruded acrylic sheet production). Most of the final products are destined for automotive parts and electrical appliances. Surface coatings : MMA is used for the production of surface coatings, both for industrial solvent based systems and increasingly, for water based acrylic dispersions for domestic and industrial use. MMA is used in water based acrylic dispersions for exterior masonry and wood coatings and semi gloss emulsions for interior decorative coatings. Gujarat State Fertiliser Company (GSFC) is the only producer of MMA in India. Installed capacity of 5,000 metric tonne per annum of MMA, along with plants for PMMA sheets (2,000 metric tonne per annum) and PMMA pellets (1,500-metric tonne per annum ). The consumption pattern of MMA in India differs from that of the rest of the world. The major use of the monomer in India is in the coatings industry, which accounts for about 70% of total consumption. Only 12% of total consumption is for making PMMA sheets and mouldings. Other applications include small uses of textile auxiliaries, sizing materials, modifier for PVC modifiers etc. With over 70% of Methyl Methacrylate (MMA) used in the production of Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA), the growing demand for PMMA against the backdrop of strong electronics production is benefiting growth in the MMA market. The growth in the market is also benefiting from emerging new applications of MMA, and its derivatives in a wide range of industries. Construction and automotive industries represent other major end-users of MMA in addition to electronics. Recovery in global GDP is poised to benefit consumption of MMA and its derivatives in architecture and construction, guided by the improving investments in residential and commercial construction projects. Stable automobile production trends worldwide are also expected to help boost global consumption of MMA. Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA) is expected to emerge as a substitute for existing medical polymers, against the backdrop of growing concerns over the health hazards caused by the use of PVC and polypropylene in addition to low biocompatibility issues. The presence of phthalate plasticizers in PVC is generating significant interest in PMMA in the healthcare industry. The growing use of plastics as a result of the increased focus on manufacturing light vehicles is helping spur demand for MMA/PMMA in automobile production. Stringent vehicle emission norms worldwide will additionally lend traction to growth in this sector. The automotive industry is one of the largest end user of MMA especially in molding and extrusion compounds. The use of MMA/PMMA in automotive plastics in addition to weight reduction also helps minimize vehicle vibration, cabin insulation, noise control, and enhance aesthetics. Specialty products such as optical-grade plexiglass, compact disk plexiglass and radiation shielding plexiglass are expected to offer lucrative growth potential. PMMA liquid membrane roofing system is a major advancement in the market, used in a wide range of applications including plaza decks, garden roofs, small roofs and irregular shaped roofs. The PMMA liquid membrane system is widely used in roofing crews owing to several benefits such as substrate compatibility, ease of use, speed and versatility
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Biodiesel - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Biodiesel (chemically known as fatty acid methyl ester) is an alternative fuel to conventional diesel (obtained from crude petroleum). When vegetable oil or animal fat is chemically reacted with an alcohol (methanol) and catalyst(caustic soda or caustic potash or sodium methoxide), biodiesel is produced along with glycerineas by product. This process is called transesterification. Biodiesel fuel has chemical properties that are similar to conventional diesel fuel and does not require any engine modifications or new equipment to enable its use as a blend stock or substitute for conventional diesel.Unlike conventional diesel fuel, biodiesel is renewable fuel and significantly reduces levels of harmful pollutants and global warming gases. The feedstock (vegetable oil and fats) include the following • Vegetable oils produced from oil seeds (like rape seeds / canola, soybean, sunflower, palm, jatropha, corn, cotton seed, etc) • Oil obtained from algae • Used cooking oil and grease (yellow, brown, etc) • Animal fat (beef tallow, poultry fat, pork fat, etc) • Fatty acids including palm fatty acid distillate • Wastes (e.g. waste oils, food processing wastes, etc), agricultural residues (straw, corn stover, etc), forestry residues and novel feedstocks, such as algae. Current R&D on biofuels is mainly focused on: • Developing cost-competitive advanced technologies to convert wastes into fuels; • Producing fuels with advanced properties that are compatible with existing engines and infrastructures (for air, long-distance freight, and shipping). However, biofuels production cannot be viewed in isolation. Biofuels are part of a growing global bioindustry, driven by the need to reduce reliance on fossil fuels, to decelerate climate change, increase fuel security and develop a greater range of bioproducts. With a growing global population, mean there is increasing local and global competition for land, feedstocks and water for food production (i.e. crops and livestock), non-food use (e.g. timber for construction), bioproducts (e.g. soaps, textiles, biopolymers, etc), and bioenergy (heat and power), as well as liquid biofuels. ? Selected producers of biodiesel in India • Universal Biofuels Pvt. Ltd • Southern Online Bio tech Ltd • Bannari Amman Sugars • My Ecoenergy • Emami Biotech Ltd To maximise the value of biomass resources, cascading production of bio products, liquid fuels and may be integrated in biorefineries. At the same time, biodiversity (species of plants and animals) need to be conserved, and forested areas must be protected as they act as important habitats and carbon sinks. In other words, the forests store large amounts of carbon in vegetation and soil. If areas are cleared for logging, grazing, crop production or constuction, the carbon is released into the atmosphere and habitat is lost. In order to ensure that communities, biodiversity and land are protected, a number of certification schemes and sustainability initiatives have been put in place for biofuels. These include initiatives by trade organisations, civil societies (NGOs), and government bodies. Further details are provided on the pages covering sustainability and certification of biofuels. In the coming decades, biofuels will be required for road, air, rail and shipping. An integrated biofuels strategy is required for meeting the competing needs of these different transport types at national and international level.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Melamine - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Melamine is an organic compound that is often combined with formaldehyde to produce melamine resin, a synthetic polymer which is fire resistant and heat tolerant. Melamine resin is a very versatile material with a highly stable structure. Uses for melamine include whiteboard, floor tiles, kitchenware, fire retardant fabrics, and commercial filters. Melamine can be easily molded while warm, but will set into a fixed form. This property makes it ideally suited to certain industrial applications. Melamine resin is manufactured by mixing melamine with formaldehyde, and sometimes urea, under heat and pressure. The substances begin to polymerize and are forced into a mold which will create the desired shape. Under pressure, melamine releases water, which could make the plastic unstable if it is not removed. The materials finish polymerizing and create a finished product, melamine resin. Melamine resin is known as a thermoset plastic, because the plastic is fixed after molding. If exposed to enough heat, melamine will decompose. For this reason, melamine dishware should not be exposed to high temperatures like those in the oven and microwave. The plastic is able to withstand higher temperatures than other plastics, however. Because it is a thermoset plastic, melamine resin is difficult to recycle. Melamine is stable, when stored under normal warehouse conditions. Although not particularly hygroscopic, powdered melamine must still be protected from wetting because, like most powders, it will form lump over extended storage period. The use of melamine as fertilizer for crops had been envisaged during the '50s and '60s because of its high nitrogen content (2/3). However melamine is much more expensive to produce than other common nitrogen fertilizers, such as urea. To be effective as a fertilizer, it is essential that the plant nutrients are released or made available in a manner that matches the needs of the growing crop. The nitrogen mineralization process for melamine is extremely slow, making this product both economically and scientifically impractical for use as a fertilizer. New project proposal under implementation In India Company: Gujarat State Fertilisers & Chemicals Ltd.,(GSFC) Capacity: 40000 metric tonne per annum Project cost: Around Rs.1000 crore Location: Vadodara,Gujarat The contract has been signed for supply of knowhow, basic engineering and proprietary equipment with M/s. Casale, Switzerland. Project is planned to be operational in 2nd quarter of 2017-18. To check adulteration in milk and milk products, the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has notified the maximum permissible level of the contaminant — melamine —in dairy products. According to the notification, FSSAI has imposed a permissible limit of 1 mg of melamine in every kg of powdered infant formula, 0.15 mg a kg in liquid infant formula and 2.5 mg a kg in other foods. This has been introduced in the Food Safety and Standards (Contaminants, Toxins & Residues) Amendments Regulations 2015. Global scenario Global production / demand (Period:2015):1.3 million metric tonne .China is the largest single participant in the melamine market, accounting for half of world consumption. Melamine capacity in China was 2.40 million metric tonne per annum in 2014, around 70% of the world total. China has around 29 melamine producers. Europe is the second largest melamine market, accounting for nearly 25% of world consumption. United States accounts for only about 4 to 5% of global melamine consumption. Melamine consumption structure consists of 50% laminates, followed by adhesives and resins for wood. The demand for melamine is likely to go up in tune with the performance of the laminate / plywood/ particle board industry, which in turn would increase in tune with the growth of the construction / furniture industry . During the next few years, global melamine consumption will grow at rate of about 4% per year, driven by China‘s growth and increases in other regions such as other Asian countries (not including Japan), Central and Eastern Europe, and the Middle East. Annual growth in Central and Eastern Europe is expected to be 3 to 4%, largely the result of increased production of laminates and wood adhesives. Consumption growth in Western Europe is forecast at more modest rate of 1 to 2% per year. Other Asian countries (excluding Japan) are expected to show good consumption growth at an average annual rate of 4%.
Plant capacity: -Plant & machinery: -
Working capital: -T.C.I: -
Return: 1.00%Break even: N/A
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Blood Bags - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics

Blood bag is a disposable bio-medical device used for collection, storage, transportation and transfusion of human blood and blood components. The system consists of a single or multiple bag connected with tubings, needle, needle cover, clamp etc. The Blood Bags are made of plastic-material, which are compatible with blood. The introduction of flexible PVC bags for the storage of blood and its components totally replaced the use of glass bottles because of its numerous advantages. Blood bags enable better separation of blood components in a more sterile manner and safer transfusion of components. This has led to increasingly wider use of blood component therapy than whole blood use, thus enabling more effective use of the scarce donor blood that is available. Blood Bags can successfully replace the use of glass bottles for collection storage, transportation and transfusion of blood and blood components since bottles require exhaustive cleaning, rinsing and autoclaving procedures and there are chances of breakage at any stage. Further, use of disposable bags eliminates the possibility of any contamination. Blood bags contain an anticoagulant solution and a red blood cell preservative solution, and are used in blood banks which both collect donor blood and separate blood components. Blood bags are made from imported, medical grade PVC granules & sheets in Class 10000 Clean room environments. Increase in the healthcare facilities will further act as a driver for the growth of medical devices sector in India. The blood bag market is expected to grow further in the coming years owing to continuous developments and rising demand for better blood collection technology. As a whole it is a good project for new entrepreneurs to invest.
Plant capacity: 10000 Nos./DayPlant & machinery: Rs 176 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:Rs 1106 Lakhs
Return: 25.24%Break even: 69.15%
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Precipitated Silica from Rice Husk Ash - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities

Rice husk is an agricultural residue easily available in rice producing countries. India is a major rice producing country, and the husk generated during milling is mostly used as a fuel in the boilers for processing paddy, producing energy through direct combustion & or by gasification. The rice husk contains about 75% organic volatile matter & the balance 25% of the weight of this husk is converted into ash during the firing process, is known as rice husk ash (RHA). This RHA in turn contains around 85%–92% amorphous silica. Silica is one of the valuable inorganic chemical compounds. It can exist in gel, crystalline and amorphous forms. It is the most abundant material in the earth’s crust. Silica is the major constituent of rice husk ash. With such a large ash content & silica content in the ash it becomes economical to extract silica from the ash, which has wide market & also takes care of ash disposal. Precipitated Silica (also called particulate silica) is composed of aggregates of ultimate particles of colloidal size that have not become linked in massive gel network during the preparation process. Precipitated Silica soluble silicate solutions are of fine controlled particle size & porous in nature. Precipitated silica powders have a more open structure with higher volume than dried pulverized gels. Precipitated silica is used as filler for paper & rubber as a carrier & diluents for agricultural chemicals, as an anti caking agent, to control viscosity & thickness and as a cleansing agent in toothpastes & in cosmetics. Precipitated silica also finds its applications as anti caking agents in food industry & as thermal insulators. Precipitated silica is perhaps the best not black filler and reinforcing agent used in rubber industry especially for the production of silicon rubber. Precipitated silica market is fragmented and major portion of the global market share is constituted by regional players. Therefore, precipitated silica market has high price sensitivity. Moreover low capital investment has increased the threat of new entrants in the market mainly in the developing economies. There has been surge in investment by major players in the emerging economies. Thus, as an entrepreneur this project offers an exciting opportunity to you.
Plant capacity: Precipitated Silica:10 MT/Day • CaCO3 (by product):20.6 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 864 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:Rs 1255 Lakhs
Return: 25.00%Break even: 50.00%
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Distribution Transformer - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

A distribution transformer is a transformer that provides the final voltage transformation in the electric power distribution system, stepping down the voltage used in the distribution lines to the level used by the customer. If mounted on a utility pole, they are called pole-mount transformers (or colloquially a pole pig). If the distribution lines are located underground, distribution transformers are mounted on concrete pads and locked in steel cases, thus known as pad-mount transformers. Because of weight restrictions transformers for pole mounting are only built for primary voltages under 30 KV. The transformers is a device that transfers electricity or energy from one electric circuit to another without change of frequency and usually, but not always, with a change in voltage. In India the role of transformers assumes an added significance since in most of the states; electric supplies are not only erratic but are also characterized by wide variations in frequencies or voltages. These causes enormous damage to the electrical appliance like refrigerators, television and other industrial machinery engaged in the production of commodities. The transformer industry with the help of innovative methods, upgradation in technology etc., will have to manufacture transformers which offer maximum functional efficiency and are at the same time less hazardous or dangerous and economically viable. With some fast moves at launching fast track projects to augment supplies, the Indian industry needs to improve its competitiveness. The Indian market is growing and multinationals with newer technologies are now more active. The industry, as a consequence, needs strategic alliances and tie-ups with technology suppliers to upgrade their supplies. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Accurate Transformers Ltd. • Andrew Yule & Co. Ltd. • Apex Electricals Ltd. • Crompton Greaves Ltd. • I M P Powers Ltd. • Indo Tech Transformers Ltd. • Kerala Electricals & Allied Engg. Co. Ltd. • Kirloskar Electric Co. Ltd. • Rams Transformers Ltd. • Shilchar Technologies Ltd. • Star Delta Transformers Ltd. • Tarapur Transformers Ltd. • Tesla Transformers Ltd. • Transformers & Rectifiers (India) Ltd. • Ujaas Energy Ltd. • Victory Electricals Ltd. • Victory Transformers & Switchgears Ltd.
Plant capacity: 2000 Nos./AnnumPlant & machinery: Rs 44 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:eRs 391 Lakhs
Return: 28.00%Break even: 67.00%
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Seamless Pipes and Tubes - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue

The seamless steel pipe industry is almost one century old. The prime reason for the development was provided by transportation sector. Petroleum sector consumes largest quantities of seamless tubes. The Indian seamless tube industry is about 55 Years old. Seamless pipe as the name suggests is a pipe without a seam or a weld-joint in contrast to Seam or Welded pipe. In a Seam or Welded pipe, the seam or the weld-joint is the weaker part of the pipe limiting the strength of the pipe to the strength of the weld-joint. Whereas the seamless pipe does not have any such joint and thus has uniform structure & strength all over the pipe body. Thus the seamless pipe can withstand higher pressure, higher temperature, higher mechanical stress & corrosive atmosphere and find wide applications in Oil & Gas, Refinery, Petrochemical, Chemical, Fertilizer, Power, Automotive, Bearing, Mechanical & Structural applications. The greatest advantage of seamless steel pipes is their increased ability to withstand pressure. The weakest point in a welded steel pipe is the welded seam. But because a seamless steel pipe has not been welded, it doesn’t have that seam, making it equally strong around the entire circumference of the pipe. Stainless steel pipes are used in petrochemicals, fertilizers, dairy industries power stations and nuclear plants. Other corrosion resistant applications as of food processing industry are also significant users. These pipes are used extensively by Nuclear Fuel Corporation. As a whole it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd. • Gandhi Special Tubes Ltd. • I S M T Ltd. • Indian Seamless Enterprises Ltd. • Indian Seamless Metal Tubes (Kalyani Seamless Tubes) Ltd. • Indian Seamless Metal Tubes Ltd. • Indosin Pvt. Ltd. • Jindal Saw Ltd. • Mahalaxmi Seamless Ltd. • Maharashtra Seamless Ltd. • Oil Country Tubular Ltd. • P S L Ltd. • Patels Airflow Ltd. • R M G Alloy Steel Ltd. • Tubetec Seamless Ltd.
Plant capacity: 50 MT/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 636 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:Rs 2695 Lakhs
Return: 27.98%Break even: 39.79%
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Micronutrients Fertilizer for Banana, Vegetables and Citrus - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study

Micronutrients are elements which are essential for plant growth, but are required in much smaller amounts than those of the primary nutrients; nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. The micronutrients are boron (B), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), molybdenum (Mo), zinc (Zn), and chloride (Cl). While chloride is a micronutrient, deficiencies rarely occur in nature, so discussions on supplying micronutrient fertilizers are confined to the other six micronutrients. Deficiencies of micronutrients have been increasing in some crops. Some reasons are higher crop yields which increase plant nutrient demands, use of high analyses NPK fertilizers containing lower quantities of micronutrient contaminants, and decreased use of farmyard manure on many agricultural soils. Micronutrient deficiencies have been verified in many soils through increased use of soil testing and plant analyses. A micronutrient fertilizer composition should fulfill the following criteria in order to secure the best effect and optimum plant growth: It should contain a number of the essential micronutrients, and preferably all of the essential micronutrients which are not readily available from the soil; It should be formulated and applied so as to ensure the best possible absorption of the micronutrients by the plant; It should be applied at the proper time in relation to the growth of the plant, i.e. especially at the beginning of the plant's growth cycle and when the soil temperature is at least about 5°C It has now been found that crop plants can easily and inexpensively be provided with a suitable balance of the essential micronutrients in a readily available form by means of a novel solid micronutrient fertilizer composition comprising the micronutrients in the form of metal salts together with at least one water-soluble nitrate. As a whole it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Few Indian Major Players are as under • Ajay Bio-Tech (India) Ltd. • Aries Agro Ltd. • Asian Fertilizers Ltd. • Chambal Fertilisers & Chemicals Ltd. • Gujarat State Fertilizers & Chemicals Ltd. • Indian Farmers Fertiliser Co-Op. Ltd. • Madras Fertilizers Ltd. • Mangalore Chemicals & Fertilizers Ltd. • Nava Bharath Fertilizers Ltd. • Navkisan Bio Plaantec Ltd. • Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers Ltd. • Recon Agrotech Ltd. • Shivashakti Bio Technologies Ltd. • Tata Chemicals Ltd.
Plant capacity: Micronutrients Fertilizer for Banana:500 Kgs/Day •Micronutrients Fertilizer for Vegetables:500 Kgs/Day •Micronutrients Fertilizer for Citrus: 500 Kgs/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 7 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:Rs 30 Lakhs
Return: 30.00%Break even: 72.00%
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Sanitary Napkins -Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Layout

A sanitary napkin or a sanitary towel is an absorbent item used by a woman while she is menstruating or in any other situation where it is necessary to absorb a flow of blood. It also serves to protect clothing and furnishings. Not only must the sanitary napkin provide comfort and safety, but also enhance every woman's health and lifestyle. Thus, due to demand it is a good project for entrepreneurs to invest. Sanitary Napkins are exclusively used by adult girls & Ladies around the world during for maintaining physical aid & to avoid wetting or staining of the clothes. India’s sanitary napkin market has significant profit potential. The demand for such products is stable; purchases are recurring and not subject to normal business cycles. Historically, the price of feminine hygiene products have been relatively expensive, but that is changing as small and large businesses enter the market and make an accessible, lower-priced offering to a wider consumer base. Any entrepreneur venture into this field will be successful. ? Few Indian Major Players are as under • Carewell Hygiene Products Ltd. • Centron Industrial Alliance Ltd. • Dhanalaxmi Roto Spinners Ltd. • Diapers India Ltd. • Godrej Consumer Products Ltd. • Gufic Biosciences Ltd. • Johnson & Johnson Ltd. • Kimberly Clark Lever Pvt. Ltd. • Mediklin Healthcare Ltd. • Syncom Healthcare Ltd. • Tainwala Personal Care Products Pvt. Ltd.
Plant capacity: 30000 Packets/DayPlant & machinery: Rs 199 Lakhs
Working capital: -T.C.I: Cost of Project:Rs 585 Lakhs
Return: 27.50%Break even: 40.44%
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  • One Lac / Lakh / Lakhs is equivalent to one hundred thousand (100,000)
  • One Crore is equivalent to ten million (10,000,000)
  • T.C.I is Total Capital Investment
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