Omega 3 Fatty Acid From Sewage Water - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities
|Omega-3 fatty acids are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) with a double bond (C=C) at the third carbon atom from the end of the carbon chain. Omega-3 fatty acids are called essential fats because the body cannot produce them; they must be consumed from foods in order to survive. Fish are the primary dietary source of omega-3, although some plants also contain omega-3 fatty acids as well. Government of India has launched Clean India Campaign which has caught the imagination of the country. However, the country needs integrated waste management programme to ensure that the value added products would be produced from municipal solid waste and sewage water. It is possible to produce omega 3 fatty acid from sewage water, which is an important value added product. EXTRACTION METHODS FOR OBTAINING OMEGA-3 SUPPLEMENTS The principal differences between omega-3 food supplements depend primarily on the species of the fish of which the product is composed, the type of tissue used as raw material, whether or not the oil is refined and the final form of the product (oil capsules or dry tablets). 1.PRESSING The majority of oils come from small cold water pelagics (sardine, anchovie) which are more or less rich in EPA and DHA whose co-products and waste generated by the fishing industry constitute important and inexpensive stocks. The pressing technique is based on the use of high temperatures (85-95 degrees centigrade) which denatures the proteins of the fish by coagulating from this thermal treatment which lasts up to 30 minutes. This process also has a direct consequence of destroying the phospholipids, the transporting system of the EPA and DHA which are required to penetrate the cellular membrane. 2.FRACTIONATION AND CONCENTRATION OF OMEGA-3 FATTY ACIDS Once the fish oil has been extracted, certain additional processes are carried out to purify and enrich the EPA and the DHA in order to obtain a higher percentage of molecules of interest (up to 95% omega-3’s when the natural rate is actually 20%) to the manufacturer. These processes unfortunately require the use of organic solvents and chemical compounds to manipulate and modify the omega-3 fatty acids EPA and DHA. 3.CRYOCONCENTRATION This process permits omega-3 fatty acid enrichment by crystallization at low temperature. Lowering the temperature to less than -50 degrees centigrade in the presence of acetone for 24 hours leads to the formation of fatty acid crystals with high melting point and at their concentration in the reaction medium. 4.MOLECULAR DISTILLATION Molecular distillation can also be used to partially separate fatty acid mixtures. These must first undergo esterification using ethanol to form fatty acid ethyl esters which can be separated according to differences in their boiling points and molecular weights. LanzaTech and research team from the IOC-DBT Center for Advanced BioEnergy Research (an entity co funded by India‘s Department of Biotechnology and Indian Oil Corporation Limited) have developed a process that recycles CO2 emissions into omega 3 rich fatty acids. Recycling carbon dioxide gas as the sole carbon source for continuous gas fermentation, LanzaTech‘s microbes produce acetate that is then consumed as energy and carbon by a proprietary algae developed by the team at IOC-DBT. These algae are rich in omega 3 fatty acids and can be utilized as an omega 3 rich fish meal substitute or the algal oil can be extracted and purified as an independent omega 3 lipid product.|
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|Return: 1.00%||Break even: 1.00%|
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