Ethanol From Algae - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost And Revenue
|Algae have a tendency to have a much different makeup than does most feedstocks used in ethanol, such as corn and sugar cane. Ethanol from algae is possible by converting the starch (the storage component) and Cellulose (the cell wall component). Ethanol is a renewable, domestically produced alcohol fuel made from plant material, such as corn, sugar cane, or grasses. Using ethanol can reduce oil dependence and greenhouse gas emissions. Ethanol fuel use in the U.S. has increased dramatically from about 1.7 billion gallons in 2001 to about 13.2 billion in 2013 Ethanol is used is many different products ranging from perfumes to explosives. The most popular use of ethanol alone is in the automotive fuel industry. There are cars that run off 100% ethanol or fuel mixtures containing part gasoline and part ethanol also known as gasohol. It is mixable in all proportions with water and most organic solvents. Ethanol in the presence of an acid catalyst makes an ethyl ester. The two most used ethyl esters are ethyl acrylate and ethyl acetate. These are used to make up such products as paints, coatings, adhesives and the most popular household product is nail polish remover.Ethanol is used extensively as a solvent in the manufacture of varnishes and perfumes; as a preservative for biological specimens; in the preparation of essences and flavorings; in many medicines and drugs; as a disinfectant and in tinctures (e.g., tincture of iodine); and as a fuel and gasoline additive. Many social gatherings around the world involve ethanol in the form or beer, wine and liquor. PROCESS BEHIND ETHANOL FROM ALGAE Fermentation process to produce ethanol include the following stages: (a) Growing starch-accumulating, filament-forming, or colony-forming algae in an aqua culture environment; (b) Harvesting the grown algae to form a biomass; (c) Initiating decay of the biomass; (d) Contacting the decaying biomass with a yeast capable of fermenting it to form a fermentation solution; and, (e) Separating the resulting ethanol from the fermentation solution Algae contain fatty acids that can be converted into fatty acid methyl esters or FAMEs, the molecules in biodiesel. Global ethanol production on the rise The Energy Information Administration (EIA) said that it expected global ethanol production to average 927 000 barrels per day on 2014 and 933,000 barrels per day in 2015. Other biofuel makers have struggled to produce second generation (2G) biofuels in high volumes and at competitive prices, including Gevo Inc and Kior Inc. Abengoa is one of the first companies to deliver 2G cellulosic fuel on a commercial scale, a sign that it may become a more important part of the US energy supply. The plant cost around US$500M. It was developed over a decade and was supported by US$97M grant and US$132M loan guarantee from the Energy Department. It was completed in August,2014 and began initial production at the end of September,2014.|
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