Tempering & Toughening Of Flat Glass - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities
|Tempered glass is made from normal annealed glass via a thermal tempering process in which the glass is subjected to heat till its softening point and then rapidly cooled. This increases the strength of the glass. A fully tempered glass is 4 to 5 times stronger than an annealed glass of similar thickness. A fully tempered glass is regarded as a safety glass and when it breaks it disintegrates into small blunt pieces which greatly reduce the chances of injuries and if there are any then they are superficial in nature. Toughened or tempered glass is a type of safety glass processed by controlled thermal or chemical treatments to increase its strength compared with normal glass. Tempering creates balanced internal stresses when broken which cause the glass, to crumble into small granular chunks instead of splintering into jagged shards. The granular chunks are less likely to cause injury. Toughened glass is a type of soda-lime-silica glass with a sheet thickness 4-12 mm. The sheet has a central tensile stress of 500-1200 kg/cm2 and a ratio of surface compressive stress to central tensile stress of 2:1 to 4:1. The article is toughened by heat exchange with an oil (or chilled air) in which these are maintained from 0.01–0.07% liquid. The boiling point liquid may be an organic liquid such as carbon tetrachloride, methanol, benzene, toluene, trimethyl alcohol, ethyl alcohol or Xylene etc. The industry is growing at around 8% per annum. Consumption per capita of glass in India is only about 0.8 kg compared to 3.5 kg in China, 5.2 kg in Thailand, 12 kg in Malaysia and 2.5 kg in Indonesia. The total organised producers in the glass market have a turnover estimated at over Rs 40 bn, represented by a fairly large number of suppliers. The major players including Gujarat Guardian, Indo Asahi, Triveni Glass, Gujarat Borosil and Float Glass India have been accumulating heavy losses. Some units were at the verge of turning sick. India exports about 13,000 tonne of glass per month to the Middle East, African countries, Europe and South America. The rapid increase in the demand for flat glass in the domestic market has resulted in a cutback in exports by as much as 60% in the last couple of years. Few Indian Major Players are as under:- Asahi India Glass Ltd. Atul Glass Inds. Ltd. Auroplast India Ltd. Gold Plus Glasses India Ltd. Hindustan Motor Finance Corpn. Ltd. Saint-Gobain Sekurit India Ltd. Sezal Glass Ltd.|
|Plant capacity: 240000 Sq. mt/Annum||Plant & machinery: Rs. 189 Lakhs|
|Working capital: -||T.C.I: Cost of Project : Rs. 559 Lakhs|
|Return: 29.00%||Break even: 49.00%|
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