Oxygen Plant - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost And Revenue, Plant Economics
|The great importance of the industrial gas, oxygen is due to the usefulness of the acetylene torch for steel welding and steel cutting, and for the welding of other metals, to lesser degree to the oxy-hydrogen flame. Oxygen gas in the breathing apparatus for a visitor at high altitudes and for oxy-gentents in hospitals is a high altitude and for oxy-gentents in hospitals is a more recent development. An extension of the use of oxygen lies in the increased intensity and speed of reactions brought about by oxygen enriched air instead of ordinary air; the reduction of the cycle time so achieved in chemical or metallurgical process permits a greater yield per volume of equipment, and brings about lower costs. Oxygen as a raw material for synthesizing chemical compounds is in daily use (ethylene oxide, sodium peroxide). Liquid oxygen mixed with carbon black may yet become an important and cheap explosive. On the commercial scale, oxygen is made from atmospheric air small production by the electrolysis of water is the result of special circumstances. An air separation plant separates atmospheric air into its primary components, typically nitrogen and oxygen, and sometimes also argon and other rare inert gases. Oxygen has formulae O2, the density of gas at O°C and one atmosphere is 1.429 gms/ litre. Its critical temp nature is -118°C and critical pressure 49.7 atmospheres. It is colorless odorless and tasteless gas somewhat heavier than air. It is one of the most active elements and plays an essential part in the respiration of living cells and in combustion. It is by far the most abundant element. It forms 21% by volume of the atmosphere and eight ninths by weight of water. It occurs as silicates in the earth's crust. Oxygen occurs usually in the form of diatomic molecules but tri-atomic ozone is also found. Uses & Applications Oxygen is used in industry for fusion, welding of metals, metal cutting and other purposes; oxy acetylene (oxygen acetylene) flame is used for welding steel. As a cutting medium, oxygen is used for scrap cutting and shaping, of steel plates, slabs up to several feet thick can be out into desired sized and shapes, under water cutting of plates can be effected by using an oxy-hydrogen flame shrouded by compressed air. Cleaning of steel structure by oxyacetylene flame removes rust and scale. A clean surface ready is obtained. Oxygen is used also for flame plating; a mixture of oxygen, acetylene and the coating powder (i.e. tungsten dioxide) is exposed in a gun, the force of explosion causing the powder to adhere to the metal surface. In the blast furnace oxygen enrichment of blast gives higher temperatures in the reaction zone resulting in increased iron production. In open hearth furnace operation hot metal is desilicon used by treatment with oxygen before transfer to the furnace this reduces refining time and increases steel output. The introduction of 30 cut of oxygen per ton of metal reduces the silicon content from 1% to 4% treatment of hot metal with oxygen decreased also the phosphorous content. Market Survey Gases are liquefied by significantly lowering their temperature: from -183°C for oxygen to -269°C for helium. It saves a substantial amount of volume. Gases are generally liquefied during the production phase and directly stored onsite into large cryogenic tanks. They are then dispatched to the customers’ site inside perfectly insulated cryogenic transport tanks. Oxygen purity is vital to efficient production. For example, 99.5 percent pure oxygen can produce high-quality, flame-cut edges. Cylinder oxygen is produced from vaporized liquid oxygen. Its minimum guaranteed purity is 99.5 percent. Liquid oxygen is classified as Type II by the Compressed Gas Association (CGA). The industrial gas industry is divided into two major segments. The first, called the tonnage or supply scheme market, is composed of large-volume users who usually receive gas via a direct pipeline from an on-site production facility. Under typical on-site contracts, a gas supplier constructs a production plant at or adjacent to a gas user's facility. The gas supplier owns and operates the plant for the benefit of the gas customer. Within this market segment, gas sold is measured in terms of tons per day. Examples of customers who routinely purchase industrial gases on the tonnage market include chemical, petroleum, electronics, and steel manufacturers. The other major market segment is known as the merchant or bulk liquid market. Customers within this market generally have fluctuating demand rates or operate multiple facilities in scattered locations. They often purchase gas products under short-term contracts of less than five years in duration. Gases are shipped and stored in liquid form because of volume constraints. For example, liquid oxygen takes up less than 1 percent of the space required to contain the same amount in a gaseous state. Examples of customers in this category include the metal, food processing, electronics, chemical, aerospace, plastics, medical, glass, and paper industries. The global market size of cryogenic equipment is estimated to be $11 billion in 2011. Cryogenic tank has the largest market and majority of cryogenic equipment market revenue come from those tanks. Few Major Players are as under:- Aarti Steels Ltd. Ahmadabad Gases Ltd. Akola Oil Inds. Ltd. Allied Steels Ltd. Arrow Oxygen Ltd. Arvin Liquid Gases Ltd. Asiatic Gases Ltd. Bhagawati Oxygen Ltd. Bhilai Engineering Corp. Ltd. Bhilai Oxygen Ltd. Bhuruka Gases Ltd. Bombay Oxygen Corp. Ltd. Corporate Ispat Alloys Ltd. Ellenbarrie Industrial Gases Ltd. Fertilizers & Chemicals, Travancore Ltd. General Foods Ltd. Godavari Fertilizers & Chemicals Ltd. Godawari Power & Ispat Ltd. Govind Poy Oxygen Ltd. Gujarat Ministeel Ltd. Hilltone Software & Gases Ltd. Hindustan Oxygen Gas Co. Ltd. Hindustan Wires Ltd. I L A C Ltd. India Glycols Ltd. Indian Oil Corp. Ltd. Inox Air Products Ltd. Ispat Metallics India Ltd. K A P Steel Ltd. Linde India Ltd. Madhav Industries Ltd. Maharshi Commerce Ltd. Mapro Industries Ltd. Modi Industries Ltd. Mohan Steels Ltd. National Oxygen Ltd. P V P Ltd. Paushak Ltd. Premier Cryogenics Ltd. Pushya Industrial Gases Ltd. Rukmani Metals & Gaseous Ltd. Saraogi Oxygen Ltd. Shyam Ferro Alloys Ltd. Southern Gas Ltd. Sudha Agro Oil & Chemical Inds. Ltd. Superior Air Products Ltd. Swarup Vegetable Products Inds. Ltd. Travancore Oxygen Ltd. Vijaya Oxygen Co. Ltd. Vikas Industrial Gases Ltd. West Coast Industrial Gases Ltd.|
|Plant capacity: 1080000 Cu. m/annum||Plant & machinery: Rs. 110 Lakhs|
|Working capital: -||T.C.I: Cost of Project: Rs. 304 Lakhs|
|Return: 23.00%||Break even: 55.00%|
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