Biobutanol - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost And Revenue, Plant Economics
|Biobutanol, an advanced biofuel, offers a number of advantages and can help accelerate biofuel adoption in countries around the world. It provides greater options for sustainable renewable transportation fuels, reduces dependence on imported oil, lowers greenhouse gas emissions, and expands markets for agricultural products worldwide. Biobutanol or Biobased Butanol Fuel is second generation alcoholic fuel with a higher energy density and lower volatility vs. ethanol. Over a dozen companies are focused on developing biobutanol on commercial scale. This is a true biofuel for masses with potential of little or no impact on food supply and ability to compete favorably with $80 bbl oil. Effort is focused on both fermentation of sugars, starch and other biomass and through pyrolysis and reformulation of biomass. The secondary appeal of biobutanol is its variety of commercial uses in an existing market worth over $5 billion dollars. Butanol is a key building block chemical in the $85 billion coatings, adhesives and inks market and an intermediate in the $700 billion global polymers market. DEFINITION Biobutanol is a four-carbon alcohol derived from the fermentation of biomass. When it is produced from petroleum-based feedstocks, it's commonly called butanol. Biobutanol is in the same family as other commonly known alcohols, namely single-carbon methanol and the more-well known two-carbon alcohol ethanol. The importance of the number of carbon atoms in any given molecule of alcohol is directly related to the energy content of that particular molecule. ADVANTAGES OF BIOBUTANOL • Biobutanol has a higher energy content than ethanol, so there is a much lower loss of fuel economy. With an energy content of about 105,000 BTUs/gallon (versus ethanol’s approximate 84,000 BTUs/gallon), biobutanol is much closer to the energy content of gasoline (114,000 BTUs/gallon). • Biobutanol can be easily blended with conventional gasoline at higher concentrations than ethanol for use in unmodified engines. Experiments have shown that biobutanol can run in an unmodified conventional engine at 100 percent, but to date, no manufacturers will warrant use of blends higher than 15 percent. • Because it is less susceptible to separation in the presence of water (than ethanol), it can be distributed via conventional infrastructure (pipelines, blending facilities and storage tanks). There’s no need for a separate distribution network. • It is less corrosive than ethanol. Not only is biobutanol a higher-grade more energy dense fuel, it is also less explosive than ethanol. • EPA test results show that biobutanol reduces emissions, namely hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide (CO) and oxides of nitrogen (NOx). Exact values depend upon the engine state of tune. • Biobutanol as a motor fuel - with its long chain structure and preponderance of hydrogen atoms - could be used as a stepping-stone in bringing hydrogen fuel cell vehicles to the main stream. One of the biggest challenges facing hydrogen fuel cell vehicle development is the storage of on-board hydrogen for sustainable range and the lack of hydrogen infrastructure for fueling. The high hydrogen content of butanol would make it an ideal fuel for on-board reforming. Instead of burning the butanol, a reformer would extract the hydrogen to power the fuel cell. Agricultural Benefits: • Biobutanol is produced from the same agricultural feedstocks as bioethanol (i.e. corn, wheat, and sugar beet/cane). • Biobutanol is good for global farmers as it provides another marketing opportunity for key agricultural products, thus enhancing value to farmers. • By facilitating / smoothing the introduction of biofuels into gasoline, either directly as biobutanol or indirectly through biobutanol’s synergy with ethanol, biobutanol will help expand the biofuels market as well as the markets for related agricultural produce, enhancing value for farmers. FUTURE FOR BIOBUTANOL Represents the next significant change required to meet the growth in demand for environmentally responsible, renewable fuels for transportation. Biobutanol fuel is gaining a lot of attention recently as an alternative fuel source that can be used in petrol engines immediately. It is a specialized form of butanol created from fermenting biomass that is like typical corn-based ethanol. It however scores above ethanol by being as similarly efficient as gasoline instead of offering a 70% fuel potency that incorporates regular corn-based ethanol. This suggests you will need less biobutanol to cover the same amount of distance. It also implies that although corn-based ethanol emits less CO2 it does have a propensity to raise food costs and is less efficient fuel economy sensible than both diesel and petrol making it a poor applicant as a replacement oil. Butanol is a superior fuel in many respects, whether it’s from a handling standpoint or from a usage standpoint or even a chemical standpoint|
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