Insulator - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost And Revenue, Plant Economics
|Profile In atoms which have a large number of electrons in the outer orbit, the combined force of attraction for the nucleus is much stronger, thus it is more difficult to force an electron out of orbit, and substances made up of these kinds of atoms are called insulators. In other words the substances, which strongly oppose flow of electrons through them, are termed as insulators. Traditional ceramics consists of all the products made from clay or silicates. Ceramics today may be defined broadly as any non-metallic inorganic substance in the solid state, normally complex compound but occasionally simple oxides. Even a single element like carbon is an example of not only ceramics but also of a refractory product. Three classes of insulator are used in overhead lines, namely: 1. Pin type. 2. Suspension type. 3. Strain type. Uses and Applications Low-tension insulators are used for A.C. & D.C. power supplies of not more than 600 volts. Low tensions insulators are manufactured in both glazed and unglazed insulators are quite satisfactory. Insulators required for use in humid atmosphere are invariably glazed. Glazed insulators are used in lighting arrestors in radio receivers, telephone and utility outfits and neon signs. Some L.T. insulators like nail knobs, tubes & cleats are glazed on one side. Voltage above 1000 Volts is generally considered as high tension for long distance Electric power transmission; high voltage is essential because it reduces the cross/section and, therefore, the weight of the conductor required. Porcelain insulators are suitable for high tension transmission & distribution are required to be effective at high voltages and under extreme climate conditions of rain, snow, high wind of soaring heat. ? The end type insulator is used on all distribution lines and on low voltage transmission lines. The main advantage of the pin type insulator is that it is the cheaper insulator. Another advantage is that a pin insulator requires a shorter pole or tower to produce same clearance of the conductor above the cross arm, while the suspension insulator suspends it below the cross arm. Pin insulators are constructed in the top and side groove type. Side groove insulators are suitable for small sized, wires, and top groove insulators are used for larger size wire. Market Demand The future demand for insulators may be estimated on the basis of the likely behaviour of following 3 sectors: 1. Household sectors 2. Power sector 3. The demand for commercial and industry sectors Keeping all these in view, the demand for insulators from domestic market is estimated to increase at 5% per annum. Besides this, there is a good scope for exporting insulators. It is estimated that the demand for insulators in export market will grow at 8% per annum. Thus the demand is likely to increase by more 20000 MT during next 5 years. This provides scope for many power units in LT or lower grade of HT insulators. At least 20000 to 25000 MT capacities is required to be added in next 5 years. The concern of Government over safety is increasing particularly for commercial buildings will also increase the demand. However it may require suitable insulators for commercial development of buildings like cinema houses, star category hotels, auditoriums, schools and colleges etc.,|
|Plant capacity: 2500 MT/Annum||Plant & machinery: 54 Lakhs|
|Working capital: -||T.C.I: 250 Lakhs|
|Return: 45.00%||Break even: 42.00%|
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