Ethylene Oxide - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost And Revenue, Plant Economic
|Ethylene oxide is a flammable, colorless gas. The Ethylene oxide is highly reactive chemical and can react specially in the presence of a catalyst with compounds such as water, alcohols, ammonia, amines, and organic acids. Ethylene oxide, the simplest of the cyclic ethers, is a colorless gas at room temperature and normal pressure. Ethylene oxide has been produced commercially by two basic routes: From ethylene chlorohydrin, direct oxidation process. Ethylene oxide is produced by reacting ethylene with oxygen in the presence of a silver catalyst. Ethylene glycols are the most well known derivatives of ethylene oxide. These are produced by hydration of ethylene oxide; monoethylene oxide is the largest volume product, with diethylene glycol and triethylene glycol as co-products. Ethylene oxide is a reactive chemical, and other derivatives it forms include ethanolamines on reaction with ammonia, which are used in gas processing, detergents and soaps and cement grinding. Other derivatives of ethylene oxide include polyethylene glycols for cosmetics, lubricants and plasticizers, and ethoxylates for detergents and surfactants. Ethylene oxide is known to be a human carcinogen based on sufficient evidence of carcinogenicity from studies in humans, including a combination of epidemiological and mechanistic investigations which indicate a casual relationship between exposure to ethylene oxide and human cancer. Ethylene oxide is found in the production of solvents, antifreeze, textiles, detergents, adhesives, polyurethane foam, and pharmaceuticals. It is also useful in fumigants, sterilants for spices and cosmetics, as well as during hospital sterilization of surgical equipment. The major use of ethylene oxide is in the production of ethylene glycol. The primary end use for ethylene glycol is in the production of polyester polymers. The largest outlet for ethylene oxide (EO) is ethylene glycol (EG), which accounts for three-quarters of EO consumption globally. Other derivatives include ethoxylates, ethanolamines, glycol ethers and polyethylene glycols. Monoethylene glycol (MEG) is the primary glycol which is used mainly to make polyester followed by automotive antifreeze, which is the second largest market for antifreeze formulations. MEG demand is expected to grow at 5-6% per year globally. This is partly driven by the strong demand for polyester fibre in Asia where it is used in the production of textiles. However, this has been at the expense of the developed markets of Western Europe and North America where polyester fibre demand is stagnant. Fortunately, demand for polyethylene terephthalate (PET) bottle resin has been growing strongly in all regions of the world as it replaces glass used in water, carbonated drinks and food containers. EO demand is expected to grow at around 5%/year globally. The percentage of domestic ethylene oxide consumed in ethylene glycols varies widely amongst regions. According to survey, this varies from 44% in Western Europe, 63% in Japan and 73% in North America to 90% in the rest of Asia and 99% in the Middle East and Africa. There is a very good scope for this product and new entrepreneurs should venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: India Glycols Ltd. Reliance Industries Ltd.|
|Plant capacity: 7500 MT/Annum||Plant & machinery: 2971 Lakhs|
|Working capital: -||T.C.I: Cost of Project : 4042 Lakhs|
|Return: 42.00%||Break even: 33.00%|
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