Ethanol From Rice, Rice Straw, Rice Husk, Rice Bran - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Cost Of Project
|Ethanol productions from cellulosic materials offer a solution to some of the recent environmental, economic, and energy problems facing worldwide. Nationally, energy costs are on the rise and forecasts of petroleum supply disruptions are once again making news. People are not immune to these events & feel the impact of rising energy prices every time they purchase gasoline, diesel or other petroleum products. Cereal straw, one of the most abundant renewable lignocellulose resources which possess valuable components, has gradually become the research hot spot as a promising substitute for both the fossil fuel resource & petroleum based industry with the increasing calling for bio-fuel and green chemistry. Fermenting sugars produces ethanol. Lignocelluloses materials such as agricultural, hardwood & softwood residues are potential sources of sugars for ethanol production. Ethanol from Rice Straw is manufactured by fermentation. The word fermentation referred originally to the anaerobic metabolism of organic compounds by micro organism compounds simpler than the starting material the modern definition is that of any microbial action controlled by man to make useful product. Some of the substances produced from carbohydrates on a commercial scale by anaerobic microbial metabolism include ethanol and lactic acid. The most important consideration in industrial fermentation is the selection of the proper micro organisms. This choice must provide suitable stability of the process, where upon the engineering and development aspects of process design may initiated. Stock cultures of micro organisms useful in industrial fermentations are usually maintained by the manufacturer, and less frequently in commercial collection or collections at academic or government laboratories. The ethyl alcohol is used as a blend with petrol and the potential for chemicals is being tapped in India. Many of these chemicals are now being made on a much larger scale from petroleum fractions or natural gas liquids. But the advantage of using ethyl alcohol is that the processes are simple, efficient and workable at a smaller capacity level in plants distributed all over the country and not concentrated in centralized complexes. While the technical possibility of chemical conversion of ethyl alcohol is wide, there is need to choose specific items where the advantages exist. India has emerged as the largest user of ethyl alcohol for chemicals over the past three decades. Ethyl alcohol derived from sulphite pulpine plants served as a base for limited quantities of select chemicals in Norway and Sweden in the immediate post-war years and ethyl alcohol derived from molasses was also used for chemicals in the U.K. at that time. In fact, the early production of polyethylene was based on ethyl alcohol in the U.K. France too was exploiting the ethyl alcohol route to chemicals. The U.S. installed a big plant for making synthetic rubber from the two intermediates, styrene and butadiene, derived from ethyl alcohol produced from corn (starch). But the end of the war led to it being closed down. The era of petroleum-derived chemicals, mostly using ethylene and propylene, began in the late Fifties and early Sixties displacing ethyl alcohol as feedstock. Ethyl alcohol ended its tenure as a chemical feedstock in Europe but emerged as a fuel for automobiles in Brazil and in the U. S. Brazil also took up alcohol-based chemicals in a limited way and is now lagging behind India in this area. The U.S. and Europe have little of ethyl alcohol as base for chemicals. Other sugar producing countries such as Cuba, Thailand and Malaysia have not entered this field. The main factor is the large demand and scale of operations, where a petroleum-base dominates. There is a good opportunity and scope for new players to venture into this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Amar Alcoholi Ltd. Andhra Sugars Ltd. Ashok Organic Inds. Ltd. Athani Farmers' Sugar Factory Ltd. Bajaj Hindusthan Ltd. Balrampur Chini Mills Ltd. Dalmia Cement (Bharat) Ltd. Dharani Sugars & Chemicals Ltd. Dwarikesh Sugar Inds. Ltd. Empee Sugars & Chemicals Ltd. Gangamai Industries & Constructions Ltd. Globus Spirits Ltd. Godavari Sugar Mills Ltd. Hanil Era Textiles Ltd. Harita-N T I Ltd. India Glycols Ltd. Jeypore Sugar Co. Ltd. K C P Sugar & Inds. Corpn. Ltd. K M Sugar Mills Ltd. Kanoria Chemicals & Inds. Ltd. Kirlampudi Sugar Mills Ltd. Kothari Sugars & Chemicals Ltd. Laxmi Organic Inds. Ltd. M A C Agro Inds. Ltd. [Merged] Maruti Organics Ltd. Mcdowell & Co. Ltd. [Merged] National Industrial Corpn. Ltd. Natural Sugar & Allied Inds. Ltd. Pioneer Distilleries Ltd. Purti Power & Sugar Ltd. Radico Khaitan Ltd. Rajshree Sugars & Chemicals Ltd. Riga Sugar Co. Ltd. Sakthi Sugars Ltd. Shree Renuka Sugars Ltd. Southern Agrifurane Inds. Ltd. Sri Sarvaraya Sugars Ltd. Swarup Vegetable Products Inds. Ltd. Tilaknagar Industries Ltd. Ugar Sugar Works Ltd. United Spirits Ltd. Vijayshree Chemicals (India) Ltd. X L Telecom & Energy Ltd. Yeast Alco Enzymes Ltd.|
|Plant capacity: 9000 Kls./Annum||Plant & machinery: 1092 Lakhs|
|Working capital: -||T.C.I: Cost of Project : 2201 Lakhs|
|Return: 43.00%||Break even: 43.00%|
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