Ferrosilicon - Manufacturing Plant, Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Manufacturing Process, Machinery, Raw Materials, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost And Revenue, Plant Economics
|Ferrosilicon, or ferrosilicium, is a ferroalloy an alloy of iron and silicon with between 15 and 90% silicon. It contains a high proportion of iron silicides. Its melting point is about 1200 Â°C to 1250 Â°C with a boiling point of 2355 Â°C. It also contains about 1 to 2% of calcium and aluminium. Ferrosilicon is used in steelmaking and foundries as a source of silicon in production of carbon steels, stainless steels, and other ferrous alloys for its deoxidizing properties, to prevent loss of carbon from the molten steel (so called blocking the heat); ferromanganese, spiegeleisen, silicides of calcium, and many other materials are used for the same purpose. It can be used to make other ferroalloys. Ferrosilicon is also used for manufacture of silicon, corrosion-resistant and high-temperature resistant ferrous silicon alloys, and silicon steel for electromotors and transformer cores. In manufacture of cast iron, ferrosilicon is used for inoculation of the iron to accelerate graphitization. In arc welding, ferrosilicon can be found in some electrode coatings. Ferrosilicon is a basis for manufacture of prealloys like magnesium ferrosilicon (FeSiMg), used for modification of melted malleable iron; FeSiMg contains between 3-42% of magnesium and small amounts of rare earth metals. Ferrosilicon is also important as an additive to cast irons for controlling the initial content of silicon. Ferrosilicon is also used in the Pidgeon process to make magnesium from dolomite. In contact with water, ferrosilicon may slowly produce hydrogen. Ferrosilicon is produced by reduction of silica or sand with coke in presence of scrap iron, millscale, or other source of iron. Ferrosilicons with silicon content up to about 15% are made in blast furnaces lined with acid fire bricks. Ferrosilicons with higher silicon content are made in electric arc furnaces. An overabundance of silica is used to prevent formation of silicon carbide. Microsilica is a useful byproduct. The usual formulations on the market are ferrosilicons with 15, 45, 75, and 90% of silicon. The remainder is iron, with about 2% of other elements like aluminium and calcium. Viewing the uses and applications of ferro silicon, it can be predicted that there is good future for the some and new entrepreneur can venture in to this field. Few Indian Major Players are as under: Hindustan Ferro & Inds. Ltd. Hindusthan Malleable & Forgings Ltd. Indian Metals & Ferro Alloys Ltd. Karthik Alloys Ltd. Kinjal Metals Ltd. Nava Bharat Ventures Ltd. Siddharth Ormet Ltd. Silcal Metallurgic Ltd. Snam Alloys Ltd. Tecil Chemicals & Hydro Power Ltd. V B C Ferro Alloys Ltd. V B C Industries Ltd. Valley Abrasives Ltd.|
|Plant capacity: 3000 MT/Annum||Plant & machinery: 243 Lakhs|
|Working capital: -||T.C.I: Cost of Project : 816 Lakhs|
|Return: 41.00%||Break even: 63.00%|
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