Selected Formulary Book on Cosmetics, Drugs, Cleaners, Soaps, Detergents, Dentrices and Depilatories

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Selected Formulary Book on Cosmetics, Drugs, Cleaners, Soaps, Detergents, Dentrices and Depilatories

Author: NPCS Board of Consultants & Engineers
Format: Paperback
ISBN: 9788190439800
Code: NI189
Pages: 720
Price: Rs. 1,500.00   US$ 150.00

Published: 2007
Publisher: NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES
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Cosmetics are substances used to enhance the appearance or odor of the human body. These are products that are created for application on the body for the purpose of cleansing, beautifying or altering appearance and enhancing attractive features. But cosmetics are not the same thing as medicines and cosmetics cannot be used to alter a body functions or performance. Beauty cosmetic products that are manufactured in India include an extensive range of makeup cosmetics and toiletries like skin creams and lotions, perfumes, lipsticks and lip gloss, nail varnish, toothpastes, deodorants and eye and face makeup products to cite a few examples. A chemical depilatory is a cosmetic preparation used to remove the hair from the skin on the human body. The depilatories industry is comprised of companies primarily concerned with the manufacturing, distribution, and retailing of hair removal products. Depilatories are considered cosmetic products used to remove unwanted hair on the surface of the skin, and typically come in cream, gel, aerosol, lotion, or powdered form. Indian cosmetics market is reportedly growing at 15 to 20% annually. Drugs are usually distinguished from endogenous biochemical by being introduced from outside the organism. Drugs and pharmaceutical industry plays a vital role in the economic development of a nation. It is one of the largest and most advanced sectors in the world, acting as a source for various drugs, medicines and their intermediates as well as other pharmaceutical formulations. India has come a long way in this field, from a country importing more than 95% of its requirement of drugs and pharmaceuticals; India now is exporting it even to developed countries. Soaps and Detergents are cleaning products that have become an essential part in our daily lives. Soaps are mainly used as surfactants for washing, bathing, and cleaning, but they are also used in textile spinning and are important components of lubricants. Cleaning products play an essential role by safely and effectively removing dirt, germs and other contaminants, and thus promote a hygienic lifestyle. Toilet soaps account for the largest single share of about 10% in FMCG (fast moving consumer good) market. The toilet market is getting saturated at a high penetration level of 98% and is growing at a very modest rate. The toilet soap, once only an urban phenomenon, has now penetrated practically in all areas including remote rural areas. The incremental demand flows from population increase and rise in the usage norm impacted as it is by a greater concern for hygiene. Increased sales revenues would also expand from up gradation of quality or per unit value. The market is littered over with several leading national and global brands and a large number of small brands which have limited markets.

Some of the fundamentals of the book are cosmetics   and   drugs, ocean bathing salt, oxygen bathing salt, medical bathing salts, carlsbad well, freichenhall kreuznach, hallein well, sodium thiosulphate plus acid, bath water, prophylactic face waters, kummerfelds (face) water sulphur, colloidal or finely, alcoholic sulphur hair lotion, preparation for head massage, scalp stimulant, hair wave concentrate, hair setting concentrate liquid, hair fixative
brilliantine, non greasy brilliantine, hair fixative cream, hair fixative perfumes, hair oil, soap less shampoo, soap less shampoo powder, cleansers, soaps and detergents etc.
Formulation is a key process in the overall life cycle so that products are delivered that is of the right quality, at a competitive cost, and is made available within the specified time scale. This book present several hundred advanced product formulations for household, industrial and other applications. This book will be an invaluable resource to development chemists looking for leads in the formulation of a wide range of products.

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1. COSMETICS   AND   DRUGS
Pine Needle Bathing Salt
Ocean Bathing Salt1
Oxygen Bathing Salt
Medical Bathing Salts
Carlsbad Well
Friedrichshall
Reichenhall
Kreuznach
Hallein Well
Vichy
Mud Bath Salt
“Saltrate Rodell”
Stimulating Bathing Salt
Effervescent Tablets for Baths
Effervescent Tablets with Wetting Agents
Steel (Iron) Baths
Sulphur Baths
Sodium Thiosulphate plus Acid Bath-Water
Bain de la Parisienne
Carbon Dioxide Baths
Mud Bath
Foot-Bath   Powders   (or   Tablets)   with Perborate
Cold Creams
Greaseless Cold Cream
Cold Cream
Glycerin Cold Cream
Triethanolamine Cold Cream
Cleansing Cream
Nourishing Cream
Liquid Nourishing Cream
Non-Irritating Creams
Vanishing Cream
Cleansing Cream
After Shaving Cream
Latherless Shaving Cream
Massage Cream
Massage Preparations
Almond Hand-Cleansing Paste
Glycerin Type
Glycerin Jelly for the Handa
Glycerin Honey Jelly
Protective Hand Creams
Cuticle Softener
Skin Cream
“Penetran” Skin Cosmetic
Wrinkle “Removing” Creams
Skin “Food”
Mosquito Repelling Cream
Mosquito Repellants
Mosquito Protection Cream   (Non-Greasy)
All Weather Cream
Night Cream (Greasy)
Non-Greasy Cream
Liquid cream
Turtle Oil Cream
Boro-Glycerin Lanolin Cream
Menthol Cream
Lemon Juice Cream
Ink Removing Cream
Deodorant Crenm
British Patent 425,050
Powder Cream Base
Ruggles’ Cream
Skin Oil with Isocholesterin
Skin Oil with Lanolin
Skin Oil with Wool Wax
Skin Oil with Cetyl Alcohol
Skin Oil with Triethanolamine Oleate
Non-Irritating Skin Oil
Lecithin Skin Oil
Skin Oil “Huile Ambrosiaque”
Skin Oil with Wool Fat Alcohols Parachol
Skin Cleansing Oil
Skin Nourishing Oil
Skin “Stimulating” Oils
Astringent Skin Oil
Witch Hazel Skin Oil
Massage Oil
Muscle Oil
Sport Oil (for Swimmers)
Cholesterin Oil
Cholesterin-Lecithin Oil
Face Lotions
For Dry Skin : No. 6
Face Lotion (For Dry Skin)
Face Lotion (For Oily Skin)
Acne Face Lotion
Face Water
Prophylactic Face Waters
Kummerfeld’s (Face) Water Sulphur, Colloidal or Finely
Sulphur Face Water
Skin Lotion
Modern Glycerin-Sulphur Lotion
Glycerin and Cucumber Lotion
Cucumber and Egg Lotion
Face Water, Acid
Face Water, Astringent
Skin Hardener
Strong Astringent Lotion
Face Water with Witch Hazel
Modern Neutral Face Water
Face Water for Mottled Skin or Freckles
Freckle Lotion
Skin Cleansing Lotion British Patent 423,426
Liquid Deep Pore Cleanser
Face Pack
Hand Lotion Formula No. 1
Low Cost Almond Lotion
Rose Lotion
Lemon Lotion
Milky Lotion with Pectin
Base Emulsion
Bathing Milk
Benzoin Milk
Glycerin Toilette Water
Dusty Odor Face Lotions
Eau de Quinine
Eau de Cologne (50%)
Chypre Head Lotion
Alcoholic Sulphur Hair Lotion
Preparation for Head Massage
Scalp Stimulant
Hair Wave Concentrate
Hair Setting Concentrate
Liquid Hair Fixative
Brilliantine
Non-Greasy Brilliantine
Hair Fixative Cream
Hair Fixative Perfumes
Hair Oil
Soapless Shampoo
Soapless Shampoo Powder
“Oil-Hair Wash”
Egg Shampoo
Shampoo Powder
Liquid Hair Shampoo
Hair Wash
Hair Washing Soaps
Dandruff Remover
Dandruff Lotion
Henna
White
Birch Water
Florida Water
Hungary Water
Eau de Lubin
Aqua Mellis
Eau de Lavende, Ambrée
Eau de Cologne
Ambre Enu de Cologne
Chypre Eau de Cologne
Eau de Cologne “Russe”
Eau de Cologne for the Bath
Ice — Bay Rum
Eau de Lavende
Perfumes for Shaving Creams Eau de Cologne Perfume
Bitter Almond Perfume
Fancy Perfume
Almond Perfume
Lavender Perfume
Rose Perfume
Violet Perfume
Extract, Rose
Lilac Perfume
Perfume for Cholesterin Creams
Perfume Bases
Lily-of-the-Valley Flower Oil
Lilac Flower Oil
Perfume Oil, Type “Tosca”
Perfume Oil, Type “Quelques Fleurs”
Perfume Oil, Type “Quelques
Fleurs” For Fine Soaps (Soft Type)
Perfume Oils ‘‘Chypre Extract’’
Cuticle Remover
Cuticle Softener
Nail Polish
Nail Polish Powder
Removers, Nail Polish
Eyelid Pencils
Brown Eyebrow Pencil
Eyebrow and Eyelash Softener
Lipsticks (and Eyebrow Pencils)
After Shave Lotions
Shaving Creams, Foaming
Shaving Cream, Foaming
Brushless Shaving Creams
Soapless Shaving Preparations
Shaving Creams, Non-Foaming
Latherless Shaving Cream
Shaving Creams, Non-Foaming
Camphor Shaving Milk
Milky-White Shaving Soap, Liquid
Shaving Milks
Astringent After Shaving Milk
Transparent Liquid Shaving Soap
Shaving Soap, Liquid
Shaving Soap, Similar to ‘‘Rasibloc’’
After Shave Lotion
Powdered Hand Toilet Soaps
Liquid Soaps
Coconut Oil Soap
Liquid Coconut Oil Soap
Liquid Glycerin Soap
Transparent Glycerin Soaps
Transparent Soap (Without Glycerin)
Rose Soap
Palm Soap
Althaca (Marshmallow) Soap
Bouquet Soap
True Lemon Soap
Liquid Tar Soap
Alum Soap
Iodine Soap
Chlorthymol Soap
Chlorine Soap
Soap for Removing Scarred Skin
Powder Formulae
Dusting Powder’s
Thiosulphate Dusting Powder
Foaming Bath Powder
Mentholated Talcum
‘‘Prickly Heat’’ Powder
Tooth Paste
Tooth Paste with Low Glycerin Content
Tooth Paste (Without Glycerin)
Tooth Paste
Oxygen Tooth Paste
Talc Tooth Paste
Salt Tooth Paste
Flavor
Denture (Artificial Teeth) Cleaner
Denture (Artificial Teeth) Adherent
Dental Impression Material British Patent 399,842
Temporary Dental Filling
Dental Canal Cement
Dental Pulp Capping
Dental Pulp Devitalizer
Antiseptic Mouth Wash
Mouth Wash Tablets
Mouth Rinse
Gingivitis Mouth Wash
Breath Deodorant
Depilatory
Odorless Depilatory
Adhesive Depilatory
Sun Burn-Protectors, Liquid
Preventatives against Sunburn
Sunburn Protecting Cream
Sunburn-Protecting Oil
Sunburn-Protecting Oil
Sunburn (Suntan) Oil
Suntan Oil
Preparations to Protect Feet Against Hurting and Inflammation Foot Creams
Athlete ‘s Foot Ointment
Athlete’s Foot Powder
Athlete’s Foot Treatment
“Athlete’s Foot” Remedy
Bunion Remover
Pilocarpine Eye Drops
Pilocarpine Eye Slave
Eye Ointment
Cetyl Alcohol
Arthritis Ointment
Frostbite Ointment
Analgesic Balm
Burn Ointment
Carbuncle Ointment
Chapped Skin Ointment
Glycerin-Sulphur-Kaolin-Acne Paste
Boil Ointment
Ringworm Ointments, Sulphur Ointment
Compound Benzoic Acid Ointment
Chrysarobin Ointment
Salicylic Acid Pigment
Pyrethrum Ointment
Ulcer Salve
Protecting Skin Against Mustard Gas
A. B. C. Liniment
Glycerin-Sulphur Liniment
“Penetrating’’ Liniment
Rheumatism Liniment
Back Rub Ointment
Castor Oil Candy Laxative
Agar Mineral Oil Emulsion
Emulsion of Liquid Petrolatuin
Antipyrine Suppositories
Psoriasis Treatment
Acidosis Preventative
Cold and Grippe “Remedy”
Hay Fever Remedies
Sea-Sickness Remedy
Appetite Stimulant
Bronchitis Inhalant
Menthol Inhalator
Laryngitis Spray
Tonailitis Gargle
Stomach Gas Relief
Periodic Pain Alleviator
Camphor Tablets (Pharmaceutical)
Moth Protection Tablets
“Creolin” Disinfectant
Disinfectant for Telephones
Counter Irritant, Extra Strong
Stainless Iodine Solution
Non-Irrititating Iodine Antiseptic
Tattoo Mark, Removing
Mechanics Hand Protective Coating
Volatile Anesthetics
Anaesthesia Chloroform Preservative
X-Ray Contrast Media
Cystographic Medium
Hormone Manufacture
Analgesic Chaulimoogra Oil for Injection
Intravenous Colloidal Sulphur
Hydrogen Peroxide Preservative
Preservatives for Hydrogen Peroxide
Embalming Fluid—For Decolorizing Jaundice Cases
Embalming Fluid
Corpse Wound Filler
Finishing Cream (Corpse)
Animal Embalming Fluid
Air Purifier
Solid, Volatile Preparations to Perfume and Disinfect the Air
Naphthalene Pure
Paradichlorobenzol, Pure
Water Soluble Bactericide
Protecting Tin Collapsible Tubes, Against Corrosion
Pharmaceutical Charcoal Preparations
Removing Creosote from Skin and Clothing
Zinc Ointment
Hiccough Remedy
Fingernail Cleaner
Emulsions, Gasoline Emulsions

2. CLEANSERS, SOAPS AND DETERGENTS
Cleaning Preparations and Methods
To Remove Stains From the Hands:
Cleaning Gilded Articles:
Spot And Stain Removers
To Remove Aniline Stains
Cleaning Skins and Leather
Straw-hat Renovation:
Paint, Varnish and Enamel Removers
Ink Eradicators
Cleaning of Walls, Ceilings and Wall Paper
Cloth and Fibric Cleaners
Clothes Cleaning Fluids
Cleaning Painted and Varnished Surfaces
Glove Cleaners
Stone Cleaning
Rust Removers
To Remove Rust from Iron or Steel Utensils
Metal Cleaning
Gold-Ware Cleaner
Oil-Grease-Paint-spot Eradicators
Grease and Paint-Spot Eradicators
Watchmakers’   and   Jewelers’ Cleaning   Preparations
Glass Cleaning
Miscellaneous cleaning Methods and Process
Emulsion Cleansers
Rug Dry Cleaner
Leather Cleaner
Belt Cleanser
Detergent for Leather, Cloth Italian   Patent 278,703
Upholstery Cleaner
Methyl Cellulose Soaps
Sulphite Cellulose Soaps
Iodine Soap
Liquid Soap (Antiseptic)
Textile Scouring Soap
Textile Spot-Wash
Textile Soap
Dry Cleanig Soap Concentrate
Dry Cleaning Soap
Rug Cleaners Soap
Rug and Carpet Cleaners Soap
Upholstery Cleanser
Dry Cleaners Emulsion
Dry-Cleaning Fluid
Non-Inflammable Dry Cleaning Solvents
Dry Cleaners Fluid (Inflammable)
Dry Cleaners Pre-Spotting Fluid
Dry Cleaners’ Spot Bleaches
Benzine Emulsion Paste
Oil-Spot Remover for Fine Textiles
Rust Remover—For Textiles and Paper
Scouring Solution for Piece Goods
Textile Scouring Emulsion
Cleaning Tarnished Metal Fabrics
Spotting Heavy Pile Fabrics
Cleaning Upholstery
Soapless Rug Shampoo or Cleaner
Carpet Cleaner
Cleaning Leather Belting
Cleaning Suede Gloves
Cleaning Straw and Panama Hats
Window-Glass Spray Cleaner
Window Cleanser
Glass Cleanser Powders
Glass Cleaner
Scrubbing Powder for Glass
Cleaner for Glass Molds
Cleanser for Dishes
Hard Water Dish Cleaner
Dish Washing Powder
Dish Cleaner and Disinfectant
Bottle Washing Solutions
Cleaning Cloth for Glass, Metal and   Furniture
Lens Cleaning Fluid (Lens “Oil”)
Dishwashing Water Softener
Wall Paper Cleaners,
Cleanser for Natural and Artificial   Stones
Cleaning Stone Work
Tile Cleanser for Swimming Pools
Cleaning Sandstone Buildings
Cleaning Terra Cotta Buildings
Efficient Cleanser for Hands
Hand Cleanser Paste for Automobilists
Metal Cleaner
Aluminum Cleansers
Block Cleanser for Aluminum
Cleaner for Tin, Zinc and Aluminum
Tin Ware Cleanser
Tin Equipment Cleaner
Silver Cleanser
Cleaner for Auto Radiators and Cooling System
Automobile Radiator cleaner
Cleanser for Electrical Collectors
Drain Pipe Cleaner
Cleanser for Beer Piping
Milk Utensil Antiseptic
Cleanser for Printing Machinery
Type Cleaner
Typewriter Type Cleaner
Rust Remover
Cleaners for Painting Rolls
Cleaner Emulsion for Printing Rolls
Abrasive Cleaner
Paint Cleaner
Removing Blood Stains from Paint
Removing Picric Acid Stains from Skin
Lacquer Remover for Hands
Removing Lacquer from Skin
Removing Ink from Hands
Removers for Iodine Stains
Removers for Silver Nitrate Stains
Cleaning Upholstery Stains
Stain Removers
Preventing Zinc Stains on Linens
Ink Remover
Removal of Ink Stains
Glycerin as a Stain Remover
Removing Oil Stains from Fabrics
Removal of Rust Stains
Removing Nail Polish Stains from ’ Celanese ‘’
Removing Automobile Grease Stains
To Remove Mold-Stains from (White) Laundry:
Dried Milk Stain Cleaner
Chewing Gum Remover
Cleaner for Carbon Paper
Ink and Typewriter Ribbon Stains
Cleanser for Milk Vessels
Composition to Clean Wooden Surfaces
Cleaning Light Oak Desks
Washing Butter Churns
Cleaning Piano Keys
Cleaning Gilded Surfaces
Cleanser for Rubber Rugs
Cleansing Greasy Household Mops
Shooe Cleaner
Feed Water Heater Cleaning
Cleaning Surgical and Dental Instruments Washing Compound for Canning Industry
Removing Insects from Windshields
Cleanser Similar to the “P,” of Henkel
Watch Cleaning Fluid
Warren’s Dust Cleaning Compound
Milky Ammonia
Cologne Water
Removing-Stains from Window Sash
Bleaching Powder
Laundry Bleach Bleaching Agent
Laundry Sours
Laundry Gloss
Laundry Starch Solution
Collar Glaze for Laundries
Preventing Water Marks
Dairy Detergent
Bleaching of Soaps
Fats
and Oils
Textiles
Fibres
Clearing Processing Spots on Textiles
Removal of Ink Stains from Cloth
The Cleaning and Bleaching of Linen
Soaps
Cleaners
Solvent Liquid Soaps
Liquid Soap Shampoos
Production of Liquid High-Content Potassium Soaps
Liquid Soap (15%)
Liquid Olive Oil Soap
Liquid Coconut Oil Soap
Glycerin Liquid Soap
Liquid Soaps
Formaldehyde Soap Solution
Liquid Disinfecting Soap
Disinfectant Scrub Soaps
Pine Oil Scrubbing Soap
Liquid Pine Oil Soap Pine Oil Jelly Soup
Pine Oil
“Soluble”
Pine Oil Cleaning Paste
Soap Paste Paint Cleaner
Waterless Soap
Soap Powders
Soap Flakes
Soap for “Soap Noodles”
Borax Soaps
Borax Soap Powder
Washing Powder
Ammonia Washing Powder
Household Scourer
Cold Processed Soap
Cold-Process Carbolic Soap
Cold Process Soap
Dry Cleaner's Soap
Soaps Containing Pine Oil Solid Pine Oil Soap
Medicated Soaps
Ichthyol and Sulphur
Ichthyol
Medicated Perfume
Perfume
Antiseptic Soaps
Germicidal and Antiseptic Soap
Iodine
Ichthyol
Camphor Soaps Soap Base
Iodine Soap
Ichthyol Soap
Perfume
Boric Acid Soap
Sand Soap
Washing Tablets
Wool Throwers Soap
Borax Laundry Soap
Wool scouring Bath
Transparent Glycerin Soaps
English Transparent Soap
Filled (Cheap) Transparent Soaps
Transparent Soap
Filled Soap
Soap Perfume
Automobile Tar Solvent
Automobile Cleaner
Bleaching Soda
Stain Removing Powder
Dry Peroxide Bleaching Powder
Bleaching and Washing Powder
Stone
Brick and Masonry Cleaner
Brick and Masonry Cleaner
Drain Cleaner
Washing Compounds for Use in Canning
Cleanser for House Facades
Floor Bleaches
Cleanser for “Parquet” Floor
Cleansing Preparation for Galoshes
Cleanser for Dishes
Glasses,
Mechanical Dishwashing Preparation
Glass Cleaners
Glass Cleaner in Cake Form
Cleaning Mixture for Beer Glasses
Window Glass Cleaner
Gun Cleaner and Solvent
Special Cleanser for Very Dirty Hands
Antiseptic Cleaner for Ice Cream Freezers
Lavatory Cleaner
Laundry Bleach
Laundry Blue Good Quality Cheap Quality
Ultramarine Blue Paste
Laundry
Laundry Sour
Cleanser for Hunting Calf Leather
Cleanser for Sporting Leathers
Cleaner and Disinfectant for Metal Articles
Bleach-Bath for Used Oil Corks
Oven Cleanser
Printing Form and Cylinder Cleaner
Rug Cleaner
Radiator Cleaner
Dry Cleanser for Wallpapers
Wall Cleaner
Scouring Soaps
Mixing
Additions
Scouring Powder
Stain Emulsifier
Removing Glue Stains from Wood
Remover for Tobacco Stains on Fingers
Removing Pitch or Varnish from Hands or Glass
Household Scouring Powder Dutch Cleanser type
Acetone sufficient to make a thin paste
Soot Destroyer
Steamship Chimney Soap
Cleanser for Lampblack-Dirtied Surfaces
Floor Sweeping Compound
Tinned Ware Cleaner
Type Cleaner
Cleanser for Velvet Shoes
Composition for Cleaning Walls
Paint
etc.
Painted Woodwork Cleaner
“Soluble” Pine Oil Fluid
Soap Towel
Sodium Metasilicate Solutions
Movie Film Cleaner
Benzine Soap
Dry Cleaning Solvents for “Celanese”
Dry Cleaning Soap
Dry Cleaning Soap
Textile Soap
Kier Soap
Ox Gall Soap
Rose Soap
Windsor Soap
Witch Hazel Soap
Soft Soap Manufacture
Soap Rancidity
Preventing
Superfatting Soap
Soap Spirit
Softener for Hard Water
Soaps Cleaners
Liquid Soaps
Tar Shampoo
Shampoo
Marseilles (Castile) Soap
Hand Soap
Transparent Solid Soap
Glycerite of Starch
Lecithin Soap
German Patent 666,208
Medicinal Soaps
Potash Soap
Formalin Soap
Cresol Soap
Spirit Soap
Medicinal Disinfectant Soap
Medicated Soap (Sapo Medicatus)
Antiseptic Cleaning Composition
Hand Cleaning Paste (Mechanic’s Soap) Solid Potash Soap
Hard Soap Base
Salt Water Soap
Soft Soap
Fulling Soaps
Good Medi- Cheap
Neutralizing and Bleaching Soap
Soap Superfatting and Neutralizing Compound
Fireproofing Soap
Powdered Milk Soap
Large Bubble Blowing Soap
Soap Filler
Saddle Soap
Detergent Powders Dry Cleaning Soaps
Textile Cleaning Soap
Benzine Soap
Petroleum Soap
Methyl Hexalin Soap Tetralin Soap Hexalin Soap
Solvent Soaps
Spotting Paste for Cleaning Garments
Spotting Soaps for Collapsible Tubes Solid Spotting Soap
Spotting Pencils Hard Soap
Finely
Cosmetic Creams and Lotions
Nail Polishes
Deodorizing Blocks
Mineral Oils
Washing Powders
Sweeping Compound
Washing and Bluing Powders or Tablets
Glycerin Anti-Freeze Mixtures
Silicate of Soda Compounds
Water Soluble Dyes
Oil Soluble Dyes
Alpine Soap
Camphor Soap
Carbolic Acid Soap
Sulphur Soap
Sulphur-Tar Soap
Vaseline Tar Soap
Tar Soap
Iodine Soap
White‘s Hand Soap
Pumice Soap
Thum’s Grit Soap for Surgeons
Antiseptic Soap
Davis’ Liquid Antiseptic Soap
Disinfectant Soaps
Hexalin Soaps
Palm Oil Soap
Castor Oil Soap
Translucent Cocoanut Oil Soap
Castile Soap
Static Destroying Soap
Substantially Anhydrous Persalt

Soap
Transparent Soap
Composition for Prevention of Rancidity in Soap
Hard Coconut Oil Soap
Persalt Soaps
Toilet Soap Powder
Transparent Milled Soap Chips
Soap Bubble Liquid
Cotton Scouring Soap
Persil Soap Powder
Soap Powder
Laundry Washing Aid
Laundry Soap
Laundry Mixes
Laundry Bluing Composition
Semi-Boiled Process
Variations in Soap Stock
White Soft Soaps
Fatty Stuck for Yellow Soft Soaps
Soft Soaps
Transparent Soap Novelties
Transparent Soft Soap
“Elaidine’’ Soaps
Methyl Cellulose Soft Soap
Soap-Stocks for Pearly Soft Soaps
Soft Soap
Transparent Rosin Soap
Bile Soaps Guillaya Bark Soap
Controlled Alkalinity Soap
Acid Soap
Soaps Containing Chlorinated Hydrocarbons Half-Boiled Soap Containing Glycerin
Saponified Starch Soap
Salt Water Soap
Sea Water Soap
Oil (Fat) Dissolving Soap
Pure Vegetable Oil Soap
Quick
Lasting Lather Soap
Incorporating Borax into Toilet Soap
Anti-Rancidity Composition for Soaps
Casein Paste (To Be Added to Soaps to Make Them Smoother)
Preventing Soap Discoloration
Liquid Soap Fatty Acid Liquid Soaps Transparent Soap (Without Glycerin)
Vegetable Oil Liquid Soap
Coconut Oil Liquid Soap
Liquid Soap Base
Green Soap (65%)
Liquid Soap for Dispensers
Pine Oil Jelly Soap
Stiff Soap Gels
Soap
Palm and Olive
Mechanics Soap
Pumice Soaps Sand Soap
Powdered Hand Soap
Hand Cleansing Powder
Germicidal Soap
Surgical Soap
Medicinal Potash Soap
Medicinal Sodium Soap
Dental Soap
Liquid Dental Soap
Transparent Tooth Soap
Carbolic Phenol) Soap
Lampblack
Lard
Laundry Preparations
Bluing Compounds:
Washing Fluids
Bricks and Powders:
Grosser’s Washing Brick
Luhn’s Washing Extract
Washing Powders
Cleaners
Soaps
Cleaning Compound
Cleaning Compound
Bottle
To Clean Bronze
Cleaning Copper Coins
Dry Cleaning Fluid
Cleaning Fluid
Non-inflammable
Cleaning Fluid
Cleaner
Dairy Equipment
Dry Cleaner
Gasoline Cleaning Cream
Deodorant Cleaner
Porcelain
Powdered Glove Cleaner
Hand Cleaner and Softener
Hand Wash
Mechanics Antiseptic
Cleaning Paste for Mechanics
Kerosene Jelly Cleaner
Laundry Detergent
Leather Cleaner
Marble and Porcelain Cleaner
Cleaner
Oil Painting
Cleaner for Oil Paintings
Detergent and Paint Remover
Printers Form Cleaner
Rifle Cleaner
Rug Cleaner
Silk Stockings and Gloves
Detergent
Cleaning Straw Hats
Wall Paper Cleaner
Laundry Sours
Laundry Blue
Liquid Laundry Blue
Soap
Soap
Castor Oil
Floating Soap
Soap
Dry Cleaning
Dry Cleaning Soap
Dry Cleaners Soap
Dry Cleaning Liquid Soap
Drycleaners Soap
Dry-Cleaning Soaps
Naphtha Soluble Soap
Laundry Soap
Liquid Soap
Liquid Soap
Non-Gelatinizing
Concentrated Liquid Soap for Silk
Goods
Silk Stockings
Etc.
Formula:   Liquid Cleaning Soap
Liquid Soap
Alkali in Soap Base
White Rose Soap
Perfume
No color
Violet Soap
Oriental Bouquet Soap
Lilac Soap
Color
Almond Blossom Soap
Eau de Cologne Soap Perfume Low Priced Perfume
Lavender Soap Perfume
Low Priced Perfume
Heliotrope Soap Perfume
New Mown Hay Soap
Red Rose Soap
Pine Oil Powder Scrubbing Soaps
Parts by Weight
Pine Oil Liquid Hand Soaps
Pine Oil Liquid Scrubbing Soaps
Pine Oil Soap
Pine Oil Scrubbing Soap
Saddle Soap
Soft Soap for Textile Purposes
Saddle Soap
“Waterless” Soap
Soap Paste
Perborate Soap Powder
Soap Powder
Soap Powder
Non-Caking
Soap Powder
Antiseptic
Washing and Bleaching Powder
Soap Rancidity
Prevention of
Rancidity in Soap
Prevention of
Soap Stabilizer
Rug Cleaning Soap
Paint and Tar Solvent
Powdered Scouring Compound
Sweeping Compounds
Mix thoroughly
Combined “Sour and Bluing”
Coloring Liquid Soaps
Coloring Milled Soaps
Dry Cleaning Soap on Ammonia Base
Beer Pipe Cleaning Compound
3 COSMETICS, DESTRICES AND
DEPILATORIES 342
Face Powders and Talcs
Talcum Powders
Dusting Powder
After-Bath Powder
Face Powders
Color—See Coloring
Coloring for Face Powders and Talcs
Rachel Color Base
Flesh Color Base
Orange Color Base
Grey Color Base
Tan Color Base
Blue Color Base
Lavender Color Base
Green Color Base
Light Cream
Rachel
Medium Rachel
Dark Rachel
Lipstick—Indelible Mascara-Soapless Type-Poured
Black
Blown
Blue
Creams
Cold Cream
Cleansing Cream
Cold Cream (Non-Greasy)
Neutral Cleansing Cream
Liquefying- Cleansing Creams
Perfumes
Toilet Waters
Shaving Creams
Liquid Shaving Creams
Thicker Creams
After Shaving Preparations
Almond Cream for After Shaving
After Shave Lotion
Styptics
Styptic Pencils
Styptic Powder
Nail Polish
Nose and Throat Spray
Sore Throat Relief
Antiseptic Inhalant
Antiseptic for Telephone Mouthpiece
Hand Lotions
Hand Lotion
Tragacanth Hand Lotion
Hand Cream
Mechanic’s Protective Hand Cream
“Honey and Almond” Cream
Dry Skin Nourishing Cream
Skin Smoothener
Cleansing Cream
Liquid Cleansing Cream
Perfume
Colorless Liquid Skin Cleanser
Quick Melting
Mineral Jelly
Cold Cream Type
Quick Melting
Absorption
Quick Melting
Absorption
Quick Melting
Oily Type
Liquid Cleansing Cream
Cold Cream
Tissue Cream
Liquefying Creams
Liquid Turtle Oil Cream
Vanishing Cream (Greaseless)
Peanut Oil Massage Cream
Creme Kaloderma
Astringent Cream
Quinto Cream
Emollient Cream
Benzoin and Almond Cream
Almond Meal
Sulphur
Castor Oil and Tragacanth in a Lotion
Larkspur Lotion
Mud Beauty Mask
Facial Mask
Facial Clay
Bleach Cream
Skin Bleach
Freckle Preventive Treatment
Wrinkle Remover
Wrinkle Lotion
Sun-Burn Preventive Preparations
Formula No. 2 (Cream)
Suntan Cream
Suntan Oil
Suntan Lotion
Sunburn Healing Preparations Sun Tan Liquid
Sun-Tan Oil
Sun Proof Cream
Depilatory Cream
Depilatory Cream
Depilatory
Face Power
Liquid Face Powder
“Cooling” Talcum Powder
Talcum Powder
Amandine
Milk of Iris
Virgin Milk
Lubin Water
French Type Botot Water
English Type Botot Water
Pot-Pourri
Antiseptic Dusting Powder
Petrolatum Dusting Powder
Antiseptic Soap
Cosmetic “Oxygen” Soap
Jones Perfume for Liquid Soap
Bath Powder
Pine Needle Bath Oil
Methyl Salicylate in Bath Preparations
Aromatic Bath Salts
La Rouce Bath Cream
Sulphur Toilet Waters
Magoffin’s Perspirine
Deodorant Powder
Sanitary Napkin Deodorant
Powdered Shampoo Mixtures
Henna Shampoo Powder
Chamomile Shampoo Powder
“Soapless” Shampoo
Soapless Shampoos
Soapless Liquid Shampoo
Pine Tar Shampoo
Pine Tar Shampoo
Bay Rum Shampoo
Hair Treatments
Hair Fixatives
Nursery Hair Oil
Hair Oils
Rose
Hair Cream
Suggested Perfume Combinations
Hair Cream
Hair Grooming Cream
Brilliantine (Separating)
Brilliantine (Non-Separating)
Brilliantine (Non.Greasy)
Greaselesa Brilliantines for Men
Brilliantine
Quinine Hair Dressing
Cholesterol Hair Tonic
Hair Tonic
Foaming
Hair Tonic
Hair Tonic
Hair Tonic for Dandruff
Hair Luster Powder
“Falling Hair” Ointment
Hair Pomade and Straightener
Hair Curling Fluid
Waving Fluid
Wave Setting Lotion
Hair Wave Lotion
Hair Waving Solution
Finger Waving Solution
Permanent Waving Solution
Milky Permanent Wave Solution
Permanent Waving Solution
Non-Poisonous Hair Dye
Hair Dye
Bismuth Hair Dyes
White “Henna”
White Henna Powder
Walnut Hair Dye
Eye Lash Grower (Darkener)
Eye Cream
Eye Oil (Balsamic)
Plucking Cream
For Brittle Finger Nails
Nail Bleach
Amor Nail Polishing Paste
Nail Polish and Powder
Nail Polish Powder
Nail Polish Liquid
Nail Polish Stick
Finger Nail Polish
Finger Nail Polish Remover
Nail Enamels
Stock Solution
Nail Enamel Removers
Pencil for Whitening Surface Under the Nails
Cuticle Skin Cream
Cuticle Remover
Cuticle Remover
White Cosmetic Which Turns Pink on the Skin
‘Bear Grease” Cosmetic
Shaving Cream
Shaving Creams
Brushless Shaving Cream
Brushless Shaving Cream
After Shave Lotion
Dental Cream
Milk of Magnesia Dental Cream
Ribbon Dental Cream
Tooth Paste
Tooth Powders
Denture Powder
Salt Dentifrice
Dentifrice
Dentifrice Massing Fluid
Cleaning Agents for Dentifrices
Bath Salts
Effervescent Pine Needle Bathing Tablets
Foam Bath Salts
Bath Preparations
Carbon Dioxide Bath Tablets
Foot Bathing Salt
Mixture I
Mixture II
Bath Oil
Greaseless Cold Cream
Greasy Cold Creams
Cold Cream
vanishing
Vegetable Vanishing Cream
Cleansing Cream
Avocado Oil Cleansing Cream
Toilette-’’ Vaseline’’
Protective Hand Cream
Milkers’ Hand Lubricant
Tissue Cream
Antiseptic Tissue Cream
Avocado Tissue Cream
Vegetable Oil Tissue Cream
Alum Cream
Myristyl Alcohol in Lotion Creams
Glycerite of Starch
Lipstics
Cooling Hand Lotion
Creamy hand Lotion
Glycerin-Benzoin Hand Lotion
Hand Whitening Lotion
Lotion for Laborers’ Hands
Astringent Hand Lotion
Removal of Skin Discolorations
Freckle ‘‘Preventive’’
Skin Lotions or Oils
Skin Cleaning Lotion
Face Lotions
Cooling Face Lotion
Camphor Face Lotion
Cleansing Pad Lotion
Toilet Vinegar
Astringent Lotion
Mild Astringent Lotion
Astringent Bath Lotion
Deodorant Lotions
Borated Porspiration Deodorarant
Astringent Perspiration Deodorant
Deodorizing Detergent Solution
Preventation of Perspiration
Deodorizing Powers
Deodorants
Skin Tonics
Powdered Skin Tonic
Facial Astringent
Skin Milk
Toilet Milk
Vitamin F Milky Skin Lotion
‘‘Muscle’’ Oils
Water-Dispersable Antiseptic Oil
Sun Burn Preventing Powder
Sun Burn Powders
Sun Burn Preparation
Sun Burn Lotion
Sun Tan Lotions
Resin-Wax Depilatory
Plucking Depilatory
Liquid Depilatory
Protecting Compound for the Skin to Be Used Together with Depilatories
Lime Hair Cream
Hair Creams
Hair Pomade
Moustache Pomade
Petroleum Hair Oil Perfumed Hair Oil
Henna Brilliantine
Cholesterol-Sulphur Hair Lotion
Tar-Sulphur Hair Lotion
Sulphur Hair Tonic
Hair Lotion for Dandruff and Greasy Hair
Eyebrow Pencils
Eyebrow Pencils
Nail Cream
Brittle Nails
Prevention of
Cuticle Creams
Cuticle Remover
Honey Odor
Concentrate
Soap Perfumes
Solid Perfumes
Solid Eau de Cologne
Cedar Odor for Soap and Polish
Ambergris-Function and Application of in perfumes
Soda Mint
Calcium Lactate
Aloes
Nux Vomica and Belladonna
Enteric Pill and Tablet Coating
Eateric Coating for Pills and Tablets.
Enteric Coating for Drug Tablets
Pharmaceutical Pill Coating
Magnesia Tooth Paste
Non-Foaming Tooth
Tooth Paste with Colloidal Kaolin
Pepsin Tooth Paste
Bleaching Tooth Paste
Tooth Paste
Pancreatin Tooth Paste
Tooth Paste Removing Dental Deposits
Flavors for Tooth Paste
“Oxygen” Tooth Powder
Removing Stains From Teeth
Tooth Tincture
Cleanser for Artificial Teeth
Solid Block Disinfectants
Miscible Pine Oil Disinfectant
Essential Oil Germicides
Disinfectant for Telephone Mouthpiece
Telephone Disinfectant Cleanser
Telephone Booth Air-Deodorizer
Disinfectant for Toilets
Anti-Rusting Surgical Instrument Antiseptic
Toilet Deodorant
Concentrated
Deodorant Sprays
Theatre Sprays
For Small Halls
Tobacco Pipe Cleaner and Deodorant
Breath Lozenges
Incense Cones
Incense Pastilles
Moth Balls
Artificial Gastric Juice
Artificial Intestinal Juice
Medicinal Mineral Oil Emulsion
Adhesive Tape ‘‘Looseners”
Treatment of Bed Sores
Cold Creams
Deodorant Creams
Cleansing Cream
Bentonite Cosmetic Cream
Powder Cream
White Cream
Lime and Glycerin Cream
Emollient Cream
Foundation Cream
Acid Creams
Vanishing Cream
Industrial Hand Protection Creams
Hand Creams
Absorption Base
Hand Lotions
For Chapped Hands
Sun Tan Lotion
Astringent Lotions
Mildly Acidic Lotion
Glycerin Lotion
Linseed Lotion
Beauty Milk
Acid Skin Milk
Bath Milk
Bath Oil
Electric Razor After Shave Lotion
Physically Balanced Rubbing Alcohol Compound
Deodorant Skin Freshener for Men
Hair Lotions
Hair Lacquer
Hair Bleach
Greaseless Hair Groom
Shampoos
Liquid Face Powders
Liquid Rouge
Mascara
Pad Cosmetics
Cuticle Remover
Cuticle Softener
Nail Enamel
Finger Nail Lacquer
Extract of Curcuma
Depilatories
Anti-Perspiration Soap
Perfumes For Soap
Musk Hair Treatment
Cheap Clover Perfume Base
Shaving Creams
Tooth Paste
Tooth Filling
Tooth Bleach
Mouth Wash
Eye Lotions
Medicinals Acne Lotion
Active Skin Disinfectant
Chromic Acid Dermatitis Cure
Tannic Acid Solution for Burns
Ointment for Burns
Mercuric Nitrate Ointment
Cod Liver Oil Ointments
Mustard Gas (Bleach) Ointment
Poison Ivy Ointment
Zinc Oxide Ointment
Zinc Oxide Jelly
Prophylactic Ointment
Catheter and Syringe Lubricant
Suppository Base
Liniment
or Rheumatic Cream
Thermal Poultice
“Athlete’s Foot” Treatments
Alimentary Neutralizing Powder
Non-Lumping Sodium Bicarbonate
Dentifrices
Violet Tooth Powder
Camphorated and Carbolated Powders
Antiseptic Powder
Tooth Powder for children
Flavorings for Dentifrice
Liquid Dentifrices and Tooth Washes
Tooth Soaps add Pastes
Saponaceous Tooth Pastes
Cherry Tooth Paste
Chinese Tooth Paste
Myrrh Tooth Paste
Mouth Washes
Myrrh Astringent
Borotonic
Sweet Salicyl
Foaming Orange
Australian Mint
Fragrant Dentine
Aromantiseptic
Foaming
Odonter
sweet Anise
Saponaceous
Depilatories
Detergents
Diswashing Machines
Carpet and Upholstery
Hand Cleaners
Scouring Powder
Digestive Powders and Tablets
Digestive Tablets
Face Powder
Light’Face Powder with zinc oxide
Formulas for Popular Shades
Medium Face Powder
With Purified Kaolin
Formulas For Popular Shades
Medium Face Powder
With Titanium Dioxide
Formulas For Popular Shades
Heavy Face Powder
With Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide
Formulas For Popular Shades
Manufacturing Methods
White Base For Light Powders
White Base For Medium Powders
White Base For Heavy Powders Powder Bases
Additional Formulas
Variations of Face Powders
Compact Powder Base
Liquid Powder
Cream Powder
Liquid Cosmetic Stocking
Cosmetic Stocking
Light Shade
Color Base Light
Cosmetic Stocking Dark Shade
Color Base Dark
Stick Cosmetic Stocking
Toilet Powders
Talcum Powders
After-shave Powder
Body Powders
Creams
Cold Cream
Theatrical Cold Cream
Semi-greaseless Cold Cream
Whitening Cold Cream
Cold Cream
Emulsion
Quick Melting Type
Quick Melting
Mineral Jelly Type
Cold Cream Type
Absorption Base Type
Lemon Cleansing Cream
Additional Formulas
Soft Cold Cream Type
Liquefying Emulsion Cream
Cleansing Cream
Liquefying Cleansing Cream
Liquefying Cream
Cream Cholesterin Type
Citrosnow All Purpose Cream
Lubricating Or Emollient Creams—Night Creams
Lubricating Cream With Cholesterin
Lubricating Cream With Lecithin And Cholesterin
Lubricating Cream With Lecithin And Cetyl Alcohol
Lubricating Cream With Cholesterin And Lecithin
Lubricating Cream (Soft) With Cholesterin Base
Cold Cream Base Lubricating Cream
Variation Cold Cream Base Lubricating Cream
Alkanet Color
Skin Protective And Hand Creams
Vanishing Type
Heavy Protective Cream
Flaxseed Cream
Protective Cream
Superfatted Chap Cream
Hand Cream
Liquid Creams
Cream Oil Base
Finished Cream
Additional Formulas
Simpler Type Of Almond Cream
Oilier Preparation For Cleansing Or Lubricating Purposes
Lanolin Lotion
Liquid Cream
Hand Lotion Pearly
Pineapple Juice Hand Lotion
Flaxseed Hand Lotion
Tragacanth Hand Lotion
Menthol Lotion
Tragacanth And Quince Seed Lotion
Flax Cream Or Lotion
Witch Hazel Lotion
Glycerin Milk
Tragacanth Lotion
Witch Hazel And Benzoin Lotion
Quince Seed Lotion
Lemon Lotion
Hand Lotion (Balm Type)
Skin Toning Lotions—Skin Fresheners
Astringent Lotions
Alkaline Lotion
Glycerin Lotion
Mild Astringent Lotion
Medium Astringent Lotion
Strong Astringent Lotion
Antiseptic Astringent Lotion
Facial Astringent
Bleaching And Freckle Lotions
Bleaching Lotion
Freckle Lotion
Bleach Lotion
Lemon Juice Bleach Lotion
Whitening Lotion—Blanchette
Medicated Lotions
Additional Formulas
Resorcinol Lotion
Euresol Lotion
Triethanolamine Lotion
Alkaline Triethanolamine Lotion
Sulfur-lime Lotion
Sulfur-ether Lotion
Sulfur-zinc Lotion
Calamine-zinc Lotion
Calamine-oxyquinoline Lotion
P-M-L Lotion
Camphor-menthol Lotion
Camphor-phenol Lotion
Kummerfeld’s Lotion
After Shaving Lotions
General Purpose Lotion
General Purpose Lotion


^ Top

Sample Chapters


(Following is an extract of the content from the book)
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 COSMETICS AND DRUGS

Pine Needle Bathing Salt

Formula No. 1

a. Salt ........................................................... 100 kg.

b. Water, Containing 5%

Uranin (Fluorescein-Sodium) .................. 2.5 kg.

c. Sodium Carbonate, Anhydrous .............. 2.0 kg.

d. Magnesium Carbonate ........................... 0.2 kg.

e. Pine Needle Essence .............................. 2-3 kg.

Mix a with b homogeneously, dry on a shelf and sift through

a sieve, mix then with c and d, in a drum, add e, mix again

thoroughly, fill into sealed cans.

No. 2

Sodium Bicarbonate ............................................ 10 g.

Starch Powder ....................................................... 1 g.

Tartaric Acid, Powdered ................................ 7.5 g.

Fluorescein or Uranin ................................ 0.1-0.2 g.

No. 3

Sodium Chloride ................................................. 70 g.

Pine Needle Extract, Genuine .......................... 18 g.

Ammonium Carbonate....................................... 10 g.

Perfume (Pine-Needle)........................................ 2 g.

Ocean Bathing Salt

(1000 g. per Bath)

Potassium Iodide ................................................. 1 g.

Potassium Bromide .......................................... 0.55 g.

Lithium Carbonate ........................................... 0.05 g.

Manganese Sulphate ...................................... 0.01 g.

Ferrous Sulphate ............................................ 0.01 g.

Potassium Chloride ........................................... 15 g.

Calcium Chloride ............................................ 40 g.

Magnesium Sulphate ..................................... 66.38 g.

Magnesium Chloride ......................................... 96 g.

Sodium Chloride ............................................... 781 g.

Oxygen Bathing Salt

Formula No. 1

Ammonium Carbonate, Dried ......................... 500 g.

Hydrogen Peroxide (3% ) ................................. 100 g.

Urea ....................................................................... 5 g.

No. 2

Urea Hydrogen Peroxide ............................ 50-100 g.

Sodium Pyrophosphate ...................................... 10 g.

No. 3 (Tablets)

Sodium Perborate.............................................. 800 g.

Starch .................................................................. 100 g.

Ammonium Carbonate..................................... 100 g.

Medical Bathing Salts

Carlsbad Well

Sodium Sulphate ................................................. 44 g.

Potassium Sulphate ............................................... 2 g.

Sodium Chloride ................................................. 18 g.

Sodium Bicarbonate ............................................ 36 g.

Friedrichshall

Sodium Chloride .............................................. 37.7 g.

Sodium Bromide ................................................ 0.3 g.

Potassium Chloride .............................................. 5 g.

Calcium Chloride ................................................ 19 g.

Magnesium Chloride .......................................... 37 g.

Calcium Sulphate, Precipitated .......................... 1 g.

Reichenhall

Potassium Chloride ............................................... 6 g.

Magnesium Chloride .......................................... 72 g.

Lithium Chloride .............................................. 0.15 g.

Sodium Chloride ................................................. 14 g.

Sodium Bromide .............................................. 0.85 g.

Magnesium Sulphate ........................................... 7 g.

Kreuznach

Sodium Chloride ................................................. 63 g.

Potassium Chloride ............................................. 75 g.

Calcium Chloride .............................................. 750 g.

Magnesium Chloride ........................................ 110 g.

Sodium Bromide ................................................... 2 g.

Hallein Well

Sodium Chloride .............................................. 69.3 g.

Magnesium Chloride .......................................... 27 g.

Sodium Bromide .............................................. 0.42 g.

Calcium Sulphate, Precipitated ......................... 10 g.

Sodium Sulphate ............................................. 2.28 g.

Vichy

Lithium Carbonate ........................................... 0.01 g.

Ferrous Sulphate ............................................. 0.05 g.

Manganese Sulphate ........................................ 0.01 g.

Sodium Chloride .............................................. 1.73 g.

Sodium Sulphate ................................................ 6.2 g.

Magnesium Sulphate ......................................... 2.6 g.

Calcium Chloride ............................................... 6.0 g.

Sodium Bicarbonate ......................................... 83.4 g.

Mud Bath Salt

Ferrous Sulphate .............................................. 900 g.

Calcium Sulphate, Precipitated ......................... 20 g.

Magnesium Sulphate......................................... 20 g.

Sodium Sulphate ................................................. 40 g.

Ammonium Sulphate ......................................... 20 g.

Optional, Dry Mud Earth.

“Saltrate Rodell”

Sodium Chloride, Powder ................................. 0.1 g.

Magnesium Carbonate ...................................... 0.5 g.

Potassium Carbonate ......................................... 0.1 g.

Lithium Carbonate.......................................... 0.05 g.

Calcium Sulphate, Powder .............................. 0.25 g.

Borax, Powdered ................................................. 10 g.

Sodium Bicarbonate ......................................... 30.5 g.

Ammonium Carbonate.................................... 52.5 g.

Sodium Thiosulphate......................................... 2.5 g.

Sodium Perborate.................................................. 3 g.

Stimulating Bathing Salt

Sodium Chloride, Powder ................................ 950 g.

Sodium Bicarbonate ............................................ 50 g.

Thyme Oil .............................................................. 2 cc.

Bergamot Oil Terpenes ......................................... 5 cc.

Orange Peel Terpenes ........................................... 1 cc.

Bergamot Oil .......................................................... 1 cc.

Terpineol ............................................................. 1.5 cc.

Methyl Naphthyl Ketone ................................. 0.5 cc.

Effervescent Tablets for Baths

Formula No. 1

Sodium Bicarbonate ........................................ 300 g.

Sodium Acid Sulphate ....................................275 g.

Starch .................................................................... 25 g.

No. 2

Saponin, Purified ................................................. 2 g.

Starch ................................................................... 25 g.

Sodium Bicarbonate .......................................... 90 g.

Tartaric Acid ....................................................... 70 g.

The stability can be increased by pressing the bicarbonate

and acid separately.

Effervescent Tablets with Wetting Agents

(Slow Development of Carbon Dioxide)

Formula No. 1

Starch .................................................................... 10 g.

Sodium Lauryl Sulphonate .............................. 10 g.

Sodium Bicarbonate .......................................... 46 g.

Tartaric Acid ........................................................ 34 g.

No. 2

Sodium Bicarbonate ............................................ 57 g.

Tartaric Acid ........................................................ 38 g

Saponin, Purified ................................................... 5 g.

Stearin, Powder .................................................... 5 g.

Almond Hand-Cleansing Paste

The “Almond Bran” is made out of two equal parts of

sweet and bitter Almonds. One can make a “Glycerin Paste” or

a “Camphor Paste.”

Glycerin Type

Two hundred fifty pounds of the bran are pounded with 5 lb.

of rose water and mixed with the following:

One-quarter pound bean or cornflour, 1-2 chicken eggs,

15 lb. borax, 5 lb. fine potassium carbonate, and about 50 lb.

glycerin.

The Camphor Paste is made by adding to the pounded

“Almond Bran” a mixture of 25 lb. each of 10% camphor oil and

spermaceti, molten together.

After cooling, add a powderized mixture of 100 lb. potato flour

and 50 lb. talc, and 100 lb. rose water. Mix well altogether. Color

with alkannin or curcuma.

Glycerin Jelly for the Hands

Wheat Starch .............................................. 10 g.

a. Water .......................................................... 15 g.

Glycerin .................................................... 100 g.

Tragacanth, White ....................................... 2 g.

b. Alcohol (90%) .............................................. 5 g.

Methyl-p-Hydroxybenzoate ....................... 0.5 g.

Grind a and b separately, mix, warm then on the water bath until

odor of alcohol disappears.

Glycerin Honey Jelly

Honey ................................................................... 20 g.

Water .................................................................. 500 g.

Glycerin .............................................................. 450 g.

Agar-Agar, Cut .................................................... 15 g.

Methyl-p-Hydroxybenzoate ................................ 1 g.

Warm to complete swelling and solution percolate, if necessary.

Stir, and add:

Formaldehyde (40%)............................................. 1 g.

Perfume Composition ........................................... 1 g.

Almond Hand-Cleansing Paste

The  “Almond  Bran”   is   made   out of two equal parts of sweet and bitter Almonds.    One  can  make  a  “Glycerin Paste” or a “Camphor Paste.”

Glycerin Type

Two hundred fifty pounds of the bran are pounded with 5 lb. of rose water and mixed with the following:

One-quarter pound bean or cornflour, 1-2 chicken eggs, 15 lb. borax, 5 lb. fine potassium carbonate, and about 50 lb. glycerin.

The  Camphor  Paste is made by adding to the pounded “Almond Bran” a mixture of 25 lb. each of 10% camphor oil and spermaceti, molten together.

After cooling, add a powderized mixture of 100 lb. potato flour and 50 lb. talc, and 100 lb. rose water.   Mix well altogether.   Color with alkannin or curcuma.

Glycerin Jelly for the Hands

          Wheat Starch        10      g.

a.       Water 15      g.

          glycerin       100    g.

          Tragacanth, White 2        g.

b.       Alcohol (90%)         5        g.

          Methyl-p-Hydroxybenzoate         0.5     g.

Grind a and b separately, mix, warm then on the water bath until

odor of alcohol disappears.

Glycerin Honey Jelly

Honey 20      g.

Water 500    g.

Glycerin       450    g.

Agar-Agar, Cut       15      g.

Methyl-p-Hydroxybenzoate         1        g.

Warm to complete swelling and solution percolate, if necessary. Stir, and add:

Formaldehyde (40%)        1        g.

Perfume Composition       1        g.

 

Protective Hand Creams

Formula No. 1

Zinc Stearate, U.S.P.       10      g.

Aluminum Subacetate Solution N.F. (7½-8%)          15      g.

Gum Camphor       3        g.

Menthol Crystals   1        g.

Acid Carbolic, U.S.P.       ½       g.

Glycerin, U.S.P.     ½       g.

Lanolin, Anhydrous         ½       g.

Gum Tragacanth    4½     g.

Soap (Low Alkali Content)          18      g.

White Rose Oil Technical           ½       g.

Triethanolamine    ½       g.

Water          46      g.

No. 2

Zinc  Stearate, U.S.P.      10      g.

Aluminum Subacetate Solution N.F. (7½-8%)         15      g.

Gum Camphor       3        g.

Menthol Crystals   1        g.

Acid Carbolic, U.S.P.       ½       g

Glycerin, U.S.P.     ½       g

Lanolin, (Anhydrous)       ½       g.

Gum Tragacanth    4½     g.

Soap (Low Alkali Content)          18      g.

White Rose Oil Technical           ½       g.

Triethanolamine    ½       g.

Water          44¼   g.

Sulpho Ammonium Ichthyolate 2        g.

No. 3

White Rose Technical Oil           35      g.

Paraffin Wax          55      g.

Ammonium Sulpho-Ichthyolate 2        g.

Stearic Acid 1        g.

Triethanolamine    ½       g.

Water          7½     g.

No. 4

Glyceryl Monostearate     8        lb.

Magnesium Stearate        14      lb.

Beeswax      3        Ib.

Petrolatum   10      lb.

Mineral Oil, White 5        lb.

Water          60      lb.

Cuticle Softener

Formula No. 1

White Petrolatum (Short Fiber) 87.75 oz.

Paraffin (m.p. 125° F.)     9        oz.

Menthol       3        oz.

Thymol        25      oz.

Color (Oil Soluble Red)                                         to suit

No. 2

Lanolin (Anhydrous)        12      oz.

Water (Distilled)    12      oz.

Lecithin       0.5     oz.

Cream Petrolatum (Short Fiber)          55.5   oz.

Mineral Oil (White)          20      oz.

Perfume                                                                    to suit

Skin Cream

a.       Stearin        85      g.

          Lanolin        5        g.

Cetyl Alcohol         10      g.

                 Melt together.

b.       Glycerin (28° Be.)   36      g.

          Triethanolamine    5        cc.

          Borax           knife pointful

          Water Boil.   250    cc.

Add b slowly to a, stir until cold.   Perfume as desired is added at the end.

“Penetran” Skin Cosmetic

Paraffin Oil 20     cc.

Sperm (Whale) Oil 25      cc.

Parachol (Absorption Base)        5        g.

Cholesterin 0.5     g.

Lecithin       2.5     g.

Fatty Oil, Preserved         47     cc.

Wrinkle “Removing” Creams

Lanolin anhydrous 20 (parts by weight), cocoa butter 10, stearin 10, olive oil 12, cholesterol 2, lecithin 4, water 60, moldex 0.4, sodium benzoate 1. According to another method, a melted base is first prepared with white wax 60 (grams), spermaceti 10, stearin 50, lanolin 60, cocoa butter 40, and sweet almond oil 180. In this melt are dissolved 1.2 grams cholesterol, with further addition, after complete solution, of 170 g. water, 1.5 g. sodium benzoate and moldex, the mass being stirred until it thickens.

Skin “Food”

Formula No. 1

Lanolin (Anhydrous) U.S.P.        36.4   g.

Spermaceti, U.S.P.                    6.4     g.

Snow White Petrolatum, U.S.P.                              48.2   g.

Distilled Water      7.875 g.

Perfume Oil 1.125 g.

No. 2

Almond Oil   24      g.

Lanolin        22      g.

Soft Paraffin          11      g.

White Beeswax      3        g.

Mosquito Protection Cream (Non-Greasy) Formula No. 1

Soak

a.       Agar-Agar    2        g.

          Water, Cold  400    g.

Then warm slowly over gentle heat:

b.       Melt Stearin 60      g.

c.       Alcohol (95%)         10      g.

          Potassium Carbonate       6        g.

d.       Water 440    g.

          Glycerin (28° Be.)   68      g.

Make up   emulsion  by warming  and stirring.

Add a to the emulsion of b-c in d, both should be 80° C.; stir continously. When cold, add 12 g. of the following mixture:

Cedar Oil     7.5     g.

Citronella Oil         15      g.

Camphor      2        g

Eucalyptus Oil       4.5     g.

Alcohol        7        g.

No. 2

Treatment as above:

Agar-Agar                                           2.2     g.

Stearin                                               60      g.

Potassium Carbonate                4        g.

Sal Soda                                   2.       g.

Alcohol        12      g.

Beeswax, White     8        g.

Lanolin (Anhydrous)        8        g.

Glycerin       60      g.

Water 830    g.

Beta Naphthol       1        g.

Essential Oils as in Formula No. 1

Treatment as in No.  1, saponify the fats (wax, lanolin, stearin)  together.

 

Cleansers, Soaps and Detergents

Cleaning Preparations and Methods

To Remove Stains From the Hands:

Removal of Aniline-Dye Stains from the Skin.—Rub the stained skin with a pinch of slightly moistened red crystals of chromic trioxide until a distinct sensation of warmth announces the destruction of the dye stuff by oxidation and an incipient irritation of the skin. Then rinse with soap and water. A single application usually suffices to remove the stain. It is hardly necessary to call attention to the poisonousness and strong caustic action of chromic trioxide; but only moderate caution is required to avoid evil effects.

Pyrogallic–Acid Stains on the Fingers —Pyro stains may be prevented fairly well by rubbing in a little wool fat before beginning work. A very effective way of eliminating developer stains is to dip the finger tips occasionally during development into the clearing bath. It is best to use the clearing bath, with ample friction, before resorting to soap, as the latter seems to have a fixing effect upon the stain. Lemon peel is useful for removing pyro stains, and so are the ammonium persulphate reducer and the thiocarbamide clearer.

To Clean Very Soiled Hands.—In the morning wash in warm water, using a stiff brush, and apply glycerine. Repeat the application two or three times during the day, washing and brushing an hour or so afterwards, or apply a warm solution of soda or potash, and wash in warm water, using a stiff brush as before. Finally, rub the hands with pumice or infusorial earth. There are soaps made especially for this purpose, similar to those for use on woodwork, etc., in which infusorial earth or similar matter is incorporated.

To Remove Nitric-Acid Stains.—One plan to avoid stains is to use rubber finger stalls, or rubber gloves. Nitric-acid stains can be removed from the hands by painting the stains with a solution of permanganate of potash, and washing off the permanganate with a 5 per cent solution of hydrochloric (muriatic) acid. After this wash the hands with pure castile soap. Any soap that roughens the skin should be avoided at all times. Castile soap is the best to keep the skin in good condition.

CLEANING GILDED ARTICLES:

To Clean Gilt Frames and Gilded Surfaces Generally.—Dip a soft brush in alcohol to which a few drops of ammonia water has been added, and with it go over the surface. Do not rub—at least, not roughly, or harshly. In the course of five minutes the dirt will have become soft, and easy of removal. Then go over the surface again gently with the same or a similar brush dipped in rain water. Now lay the damp article in the sunlight to dry. If there is no sunlight, place it near a warm (but not hot) stove, and let dry completely. In order to avoid streaks, take care that the position of the article, during the drying, is not exactly vertical.

To Clean Fire-Gilt Articles.—Fire-gilt articles are cleaned, according to their condition, with water, diluted hydrochloric acid, ammonia, or potash solution. If hydrochloric acid is employed thorough dilution with water is especially necessary. The acidity should hardly be noticeable on the tongue.

To clean gilt articles, such as gold molding, etc., when they have become tarnished or covered with flyspecks, etc., rub them slowly with an onion cut in half and dipped in rectified alcohol, and wash off lightly with a moist soft sponge after about 2 hours.

Cleaning   Gilded   and   Polychromed Work on Altars.—To clean bright gold a   fine   little   sponge   is   used   which   is moistened but lightly with tartaric acid and  passed   over  the  gilding.    Next go over the gilt work with a small sponge saturated with alcohol to remove all dirt. For matt gilding, use only a white flannel dipped in lye, and carefully wipe off the dead gold with this, drying next with a fine   linen   rag.    To   clean   polychromed work sponge  with  a lye of rain  water, 1,000   parts,   and    calcined    potash,    68 parts, and immediately wash off with a clean sponge and water, so that the lye does not attack the paint too much.

SPOT AND STAIN REMOVERS

To Remove Aniline Stains.—

1.   Sodium nitrate ................................. 7 grains

      Diluted sulphuric acid..................... 15 grains

      Water................................................ 1 ounce

Let  the  mixture stand a day  or two before using. Apply to the spot with a sponge, and rinse the goods with plenty of water.

2.   An excellent medium for the removal of aniline stains, which are often very stubborn, has been found to be liquid    opodeldoc. After its  use the stains are said to disappear at once and entirely.

      Cleansing Fluids.— A spot remover is made as follows:

1.    Saponine........................................... 7 parts

      Water............................................ 130 parts

      Alcohol............................................ 70 parts

      Benzine...................................... 1,788 parts

      Oil mirbane....................................... 5 parts

2.    Benzene  (benzol)............................. 89 parts

      Acetic ether..................................... 10 parts

      Pear oil............................................. 1 part

This  yields an  effective  grease eradicator, of an agreeable odor.

3. To Remove Stains of Sulphate of copper, or of salts of mercury, silver, or gold from the hands, etc., wash them first with a dilute solution either of ammonia, iodide, bromide, or cyanide of potassium, and then   with   plenty of  water; if the stains are old ones they should first be rubbed   with   the strongest acetic acid and then treated as above.

Removal of Picric-Acid Stains.—1. Recent stains of picric acid may be removed readily if the stain is covered with a layer of magnesium carbonate, the carbonate moistened with a little water to form a paste, and the paste then rubbed over the spot.

2. —Apply a solution of

       Boric acid......... 4 parts

      Sodium benzoate...................... 1 part

     Water............................ 100 parts

3.—Dr. Prieur, of Besancon, recommends lithium carbonate for the removal of picric-acid stains from the skin or from linen. The method of using it is simply to lay a small pinch on the stain, and moisten the latter with water. Fresh stains disappear almost instantly, and old ones in a minute or two.

To Remove Finger Marks from Books, etc.—1. Pour benzol (not benzine or gasoline, but Merck’s “c. p.” crystallizable) on calcined magnesia until it becomes a crumbling mass, and apply this to the spot, rubbing it in lightly, with the tip of the finger. When the benzol evaporates, brush off. Any dirt that remains can be removed by using a piece of soft rubber.

2.—If the foregoing fails (which it sometimes, though rarely, does), try the following: Make a hot solution of sodium hydrate in distilled water, of strength of from 3 per cent to 5 per cent, according to the age, etc., of the stain. Have prepared some bits of heavy blotting paper somewhat larger than the spot to be removed; also, a blotting pad, or several pieces of heavy blotting paper. Lay the soiled page face downward on the blotting pad, then, saturating one of the bits of blotter with the hot sodium hydrate solution, put it on the stain and go over it with a hot smoothing iron. If one application does not remove all the grease or stain, repeat the operation. Then saturate another bit of blotting paper with a 4 per cent or 5 per cent solution of hydrochloric acid in distilled water, apply it to the place, and pass the iron over it to neutralize the strong alkali. This process will instantly restore any faded writing or printing, and make the paper bright and fresh again.

Glycerine as a Detergent. — For certain kinds of obstinate spots (such as coffee and chocolate, for instance) there is no better detergent than glycerine, especially for fabrics with delicate colors. Apply the glycerine to the spot, with a sponge or otherwise, let stand a minute or so, then wash off with water or alcohol. Hot glycerine is even more efficient than cold.

CLEANING  SKINS AND LEATHER:

To Clean Colored Leather. — Pour carbon bisulphide on non-vulcanized guttapercha, and allow it to stand about 24 hours. After shaking actively add more gutta-percha gradually until the solution becomes of gelatinous consistency. This mixture is applied in suitable quantity to oil-stained, colored leather and allowed to dry two or three hours. The subsequent operation consists merely in removing the coat of gutta-percha from the surface of the leather—that is, rubbing it with the fingers, and rolling it off the surface.

The color is not injured in the least by the sulphuret of carbon; only those leathers on which a dressing containing starch has been used look a little lighter in color, but the better class of leathers are not so dressed. The dry gutta-percha can be redissolved in sulphuret of carbon and used over again.

To Clean Skins Used for Polishing Purposes. — First heat them thoroughly to get rid of dust, then go over the surface on  both sides with a piece of good white soap and lay them in warm water in which has been put a little soda. Let them lie here for 2 hours, then wash them in plenty of tepid water, rubbing them vigorously until perfectly clean. This bath should also be made alkaline with soda. The skins are finally rinsed in warm water, and dried quickly. Cold water must be avoided at all stages of the cleansing process, as it has a tendency to shrink and harden the skins.

The best way to clean a chamois skin is to wash and rinse it out in clean water immediately after use, but this practice is apt to be neglected so that the skin becomes saturated with dirt and grime. To clean it, first thoroughly soak in clean, soft water. Then, after soaping it and rolling it into a compact wad, beat with a small round stick — a buggy spoke, say — turning the wad over repeatedly, and keeping it well wet and soaped. This should suffice to loosen the dirt. Then rinse in clean water until the skin is clean. As wringing by hand is apt to injure the chamois skin, it is advisable to use a small clothes wringer. Before using the skin again rinse it in clear water to which a little pulverized alum has been added.

STRAW-HAT  RENOVATION:

To Renovate Straw Hats.—1.—Hats made of natural (uncolored) straw, which have become soiled by wear, may be cleaned by thoroughly sponging with a weak solution of tartaric acid in water, followed by water alone. The hat after being so treated should be fastened by the rim to a board by means of pins, so that it will keep its shape in drying.

2.Sponge the straw with a solution of

                                                                    By weight

Sodium hyposulphite.............................. 10 parts

Glycerine...................................... 5 parts

Alcohol........................................ 10 parts

Water.......................................... 75 parts

Lay aside in a damp place for 24 hours and then apply

                                                                    By weight

Citric acid.............................................. 2 parts

Alcohol.......... 10 parts

Water.................................. 90. parts

Press with a moderately hot iron, after stiffening with weak gum water, if necessary.

3.—If the hat has become much darkened in tint by wear the fumes of burning sulphur may be employed. The material should be first cleaned by thoroughly sponging with an aqueous solution of potassium carbonate, followed by a similar application of water, and it is then suspended over the sulphur fumes. These are generated by placing in a metal or earthen dish, so mounted as to keep the heat from setting fire to anything beneath, some brimstone (roll sulphur), and sprinkling over it some live coals to start combustion. The operation is conducted in a deep box or barrel, the dish of burning sulphur being placed at the bottom, and the article to be bleached being suspended from a string stretched across the top. A cover not fitting so tightly as to exclude all air is placed over it, and the apparatus allowed to stand for a few hours.

Hats so treated will require to be stiffened by the application of a little gum water, and pressed on a block with a hot iron to bring them back into shape.

Waterproof Stiffening for Straw Hats.—If a waterproof stiffening is required use one of the varnishes for which formulas follow:

1.— Copal............................. 450 parts

      Sandarac.......................... 75 parts

       Venice turpentine............................ 40. parts

      Castor oil........................... 5 parts

      Alcohol........ 800 parts

2.— Shellac.......................... 500 parts

     Sandarac....................... 175 parts

       Venice turpentine............................ 50 parts

      Castor oil............................... 15 parts

Alcohol................................... 2,000 parts

3.—..................................... Shellac 750        parts

      Rosin................................... 150 parts

       Venice turpentine  ........................ 150 parts

      Castor oil............................... 20 parts

      Alcohol.............................. 2,500 parts

How to Clean a Panama Hat.—Scrub with castile soap and warm water, a nail brush being used as an aid to get the dirt away. The hat is then placed in the hot sun to dry and in the course of two or three hours is ready for use. It will not only be as clean as when new but it will retain its shape admirably. The cleaned hat will be a trifle stiff at first, but will soon grow supple under wear.

A little glycerine added to the rinsing water entirely prevents the stiffness and brittleness acquired by some hats in drying, while a little ammonia in the washing water materially assists in the scrubbing process. Ivory, or, in fact, any good white soap, will answer as well as castile for the purpose. It is well to rinse a second time, adding the glycerine to the water used the second time. Immerse the hat completely in the rinse water, moving it about to get rid of traces of the dirty water. When the hat has been thoroughly rinsed, press out the surplus water, using a Turkish bath towel for the purpose, and let it rest on the towel when drying.

PAINT, VARNISH, AND ENAMEL REMOVERS:

To Remove Old Oil, Paint, or Varnish Coats.—1. Apply a mixture of 1 part 28 per cent ammonia water, 36 parts sand, 63 parts of 40 per cent soda lye. The composition dissolves the old varnish coat, as well as the paint, down to the bottom. The varnish coatings which are to be removed may be brushed off or left for days in a hardened state. Upon being thoroughly moistened with water the old varnish may be readily washed off, the lacquer as well as the oil paint coming off completely. The ammonia otherwise employed dissolves the varnish, but not the paint.

2.—Apply a mixture of 1 part oil of turpentine and 2 parts of ammonia. This is effective, even if the coatings withstand the strongest lye. The two liquids are shaken in a bottle until they mix like milk. The mixture is applied to the coating with a little oakum; after a few minutes the old paint can be wiped off.

To Clean Brushes and Vessels of Dry Paint — The cleaning of the brushes and vessels in which the varnish or oil paint had dried is usually done by boiling with soda solution. This frequently spoils the brushes or cracks the vessels if of glass; besides, the process is rather slow and dirty. A much more suitable remedy is amyl acetate, which is a liquid with a pleasant odor of fruit drops, used mainly for dissolving and cementing celluloid. If amyl acetate is poured over a paint brush the varnish or hardened paint dissolves almost immediately and the brush is again rendered serviceable at once. If necessary, the process is repeated. For cleaning vessels shake the liquid about in them, which softens the paint so that it can be readily removed with paper. In this manner much labour can be saved. The amyl acetate can be easily removed from the brushes, etc., by alcohol or oil of turpentine.

Varnish and Paint Remover.—Dissolve 20 parts of caustic soda (98 per cent) in 100 parts of water, mix the solution with 20 parts of mineral oil, and stir in a kettle provided with a mechanical stirrer, until the emulsion is complete. Now add, with stirring, 20 parts of saw­dust and pass the whole through a paint mill to obtain a uniform intermixture. Apply the paste moist.

To Remove Varnish from Metal.—To remove old varnish from metals, it suffices to dip the articles in equal parts of ammonia and alcohol (95 per cent).

To Remove Water Stains from Varnished Furniture.—Pour olive oil into a dish and scrape a little white wax into it. This mixture should be heated until the wax melts and rubbed sparingly on the stains. Finally, rub the surface with a linen rag until it is restored to brilliancy.

COSMETICS, DESTRICES ANDDEPILATORIES

Creams

      Cold creams are the most basic and still the most important creams that are sold. Cold creams are usually formulated using mineral oil as a softening and cleansing agent, and emulsifying with water by the action of borax on beeswax.

A rather soft but exceptionally smooth cream is made as follows:

      Mineral Oil...................................... 1     gal.

      Beeswax........................................... 1¾  lb.

      Heat the above to 160º F. Dissolve 1½ oz. of borax in 6 pints of water, heat to 160ºF. and add this solution to the oil and wax with rapid stirring. When the temperature drops to 140º, add 1 oz. of perfume oil and pour the cream at about 120º.

      This basic formula may be modified by replacing up to half of the beeswax with paraffin, ceresin, ozokerite or spermaceti.

      The oil may be replaced in part by petrolatum or by the vegetable oils. If vegetable oils are used, a preservative should be employed.

      Materials such as lanolin and absorption base may be introduced in small quantities.

Cold Cream

      Mineral Oil...................................... 54 %

      White Wax....................................... 18 %

      Absorption Base................................ 5.5%

      Borax................................................ 1%

      Water.............................................. 21 %

      Perfume.............................................. .5%

      Melt the white wax, add the mineral oil. Dissolve borax in part of water with heat. Add to melted fats. Heat rest of water, stir in absorption base until smooth and mix with fats. Agitate thoroughly and when just above solidifying point, add perfume.

Cleansing Cream

      A second type of cold cream is based on the action of triethanolamine on stearic acid.

      The following are examples of this procedure:

Cleansing Cream

            Mineral Oil................................ 76 lb.

      1.   White wax................................... 5 lb.

            Spermaceti ............................... 26 lb.

            Trihydroxyethylamine Stearate... 20 lb.

      2.   Perfume....................................... 1 lb.

      3.   Glycerin...................................... 4 lb.

            Water........................................ 92 lb.

      Heat Nos. 1 and 3 separately to 200º F.; then add Nos. 1 to 2

slowly, stirring thoroughly. When the cream begins to set., the perfume is added and stirred in. Allow to stand over night. Stir thoroughly the next morning and package. This  cream will not sweat oil during hot weather and will maintain its consistency.

      A third type of cream is that in which the emulsifying agent is either glyceryl monostearate or glycosterin.

      These creams are emulsions of oil in water and for that reason evaporate quickly, and produces a cooling effect. They are much more water soluble than the beeswax type creams. These creams should be packed in air tight jars as there is a tendency for a small amount of water to separate from them.

      The following are examples of this type product:

 Cold Cream (Non-Greasy)

      1.   Glyceryl Monostearate................ 22     lb.

      2.   Petrolatum (Vaseline)................. 16     lb.

      3.   Paraffin Wax.............................. 12     lb.

      4.   Mineral Oil................................ 30     lb.

      5.   Water........................................ 98     lb.

      Heat first four ingredients to 170º F. and stir together. Then slowly with stirring pour in the water which has been heated to the same temperature. Stir thoroughly and then allow to stand (hot) until air bubbles are gone. Add perfume and stir and pour at 110-130ºF. Cover jars as soon as possible.

Neutral Cleansing Cream

      1.   Mineral Oil................................ 80     lb.

      2.   Spermaceti................................ 30     lb.

      3.   Glyecryl Monostearate................ 24     lb.

      4.   Water........................................ 90     lb.

      5.   Glycerin.................................... 10     lb.

      6.   Perfume to suit.

      Heat 1, 2 and 3 to 140º F. and stir into it slowly 4 and 5 heated to same temperature. Add perfume, at 105ºF., stir slowly until cold; after allowing to stand for 5 minutes stir until smooth and pack.

      A four purpose cream that cleans, nourishes, stimulates and acts as a powder base is made as follows:

      Mineral Oil....................................... 3     pints

      Petrolatum (white)........................... ½      lb.

            (heat to 140º F.)

      Water................................................ 4½ pints

      Glycerin............................................ 5     oz.

      Preservative..................................... ½     oz.

      Heat to 140º F. and add slowly with stirring to oil mixture. As the temperature falls, a gelatinous mass forms at 120ºF. I oz. perfume oil is added while stirring and the gelatinous msss changes to a white cream. Slow stirring is continued until cold. This cream may be packed either in tubes or jars.

      This cream can be modified by various coloring agents and perfume as under cold cream to obtain specialty creams. Since it is neutral there may be incorporated in it viosterol, or gland or hormone extracts.

Liquefying- Cleansing Creams

      This type of cream is composed of approximately 50% mineral oil together with petrolatum to give sufficient viscosity so that when the cream liquefies on the skin, it suspends the dirt which is removed from the pores.

      The following formulae give excellent results:

Formula No. 1—Soft Translucent

      Mineral Oil (light or medium)........... 56 parts

      Paraffin........................................... 25 parts

      Petrolatum (white)........................... 19 parts

Formula No. 2—Medium Translucent

      Mineral Oil (light or medium)........... 50 parts

      Paraffin........................................... 18 parts

      Petrolatum (white)........................... 23 parts

      Spermaceti........................................ 9 parts

Formula No. 3—Medium Opaque

      Mineral Oil (light or medium)........... 50 parts

      Paraffin........................................... 30 parts

      Petrolatum (white)........................... 20 parts

Perfumes

          The compounding of perfumes and perfume oils is rather complex. These products are made from mixtures of natural oils together with synthetic aromatic chemicals and natural isolates, as well as certain animal derivatives.

Certain of the aromatic chemicals are necessary to secure reproductions of certain of the natural flower odors, and they, when blended properly with the natural flower oils, give products of the desired character.

      In the preparation of extracts, an oil is added to alcohol at anywhere from 8 to 16 ounces per gallon of alcohol, although in certain cases up to 20 ounces are used.

      For pre-fixing alcohol, small amounts of the natural resins or gums, or small amounts of the animal derivatives, such as: ambergris, civet or castorium, are allowed to stand in alcohol for at least a month before it is used. The addition of small amounts of water to an alcoholic extract will reduce the tendency towards the alcoholic sharpness.

Toilet Waters

      Toilet waters are made in a similar fashion to the perfume extracts, excepting that a 60-70% alcoholic concentration is used, and from 3-6 ounces of oil are used per gallon of 60-70% alcohol.

Shaving Creams

      Shaving creams are special types of soap.

      A shaving cream must

      1. Lather freely and rapidly.

      2. Lather is hot or cold water.

      3. Be dense and firm.

      4. Be capable of being worked into a dense and voluminous lather.

      5. Must not form too soluble a lather which would wash off with excess water.

      6. Lather must not dry rapidly but should remain must for some time.

      7. Must be a powerful emulsifying agent, cut surface tension and have good degreasing properties.

      8. Must be stable in tube or jar and not dry out or turn hard and gummy and maintain the same consistency for all reasonable temperatures.

      The problem of the shaving soap is a problem of balance, so as to obtain a combination which most nearly gives the desired result.

          The addition of a sufficient amount of glycerin will help keep the lather moist. The amount generally used is about 10% of the

finished cream.

      Analysis of the average shaving cream will generally show as follows:

      Actual soap content......................... 40%

      Water.............................................. 50%

      Glycerin.......................................... 10%

      For the rapid lather a very ‘‘soluble’’ soap is required. If the cream consists entirely of rapid lathering soap, it will be too soluble and will wash away in hot water or on vigorous rubbing, therefore, a large quantity of the ‘‘less-soluble” soap is required. The more soluble soaps are made from the more soluble oils. These are represented by coconut oil and palm kernel oil. Because of their solubility, they will give a rapid lather, will lather up in cold water or in hard water, but will wash away in hot water or on vigorous rubbing. Because both coconut and palm kernel contain lower molecular  weight acids, they will irritate the face if used in too high concentrations. They are generally limited to about 15% or less of the total fat content. While both are satisfactory, coconut is the more widely used, since the odor of palm kernel is more likely to occur in the finished soap. However, a type of deodorized palm kernel has recently been made available.

      The soap required to give a more lasting lather, which will retain its body in hot water, must contain a soap such as tallow, stearic acid or palm oil. if a very dense, persistent lather is required, fats containing large amounts of behenic acid may be used.

The consistency desired is obtained not only by a balancing of soaps according to the fatty acids contained, but also by the proper balancing of sodium and potassium soaps. Too much sodium soap cannot be used because of its hardness.

The proper blends of soaps, glycerin and water, is all that a shaving cream consists of.  Some contain borax and other fillers. A typical shaving cream formula would be as follows:

      Coconut Oil....................................... 9

      Tallow............................................... 3

      Stearic Acid..................................... 28

      Sodium Hydroxide............................. 1

      Potassium Hydroxide......................... 7

      Glycerin.......................................... 10

      Water.............................................. 45

      Sodium Hydroxide is prepared as a 20º Bé, solution, using part of the water, in the formula.

      Potassium Hydroxide is prepared as a 35º Bé solution.

      Glycerin, coconut oil and tallow are melted in the tank. The sodium hydroxide is run in slowly making sure that saponification is complete.

      The excess fat is now saponified with potash, ½  the potash is added to the tank and the mass agitated until saponification appears to be complete. The stearic acid is melted and added and finally the remainder of the potash solution. The mass is stirred until neutralization is complete, and then adjusted to the amount of free stearic acid desired. Three per cent excess stearic acid is commonly used.

      This soap when made will be very thick while hot, but will soften on cooling. It is possible to keep the soap thin while hot as by finishing with a large excess of stearic acid which may be later neutralized by adding the appropriate amount of potash solution to the cold soap with suitable agitation.

Liquid Shaving Creams

      Stearic Acid................................... 200     g.

      Triethanolamine.............................. 10     g.

      Water............................................ 800     g.

      Thicker Creams

      Stearic Acid................................... 200     g.

      Triethanolamine.............................. 10     g.

      Anhydrous Sodium Carbonate.......... 10     g.

      Water............................................ 800     g.

After Shaving Preparations

Almond Cream for After Shaving

Formula No. 1

      Potassium Carbonate......................... 1 oz. 130 grains

      Distilled Water................................ 15 oz.

      Dissolve Potassium Carbonate in water, filter.

Formula No. 2

      Gum Tragacanth............................ 175 grains

      Glycerin.......................................... 10     oz.

        Borax.............................................. 1     oz.

      Distilled Water................................ 64     oz.

      In 20 oz. hot water dissolve Borax then add Gum Tragacanth and Glycerin. Allow to stand 12 hours, stirring frequently. When gum has formed mucilage add the remaining 44 oz. of water while stirring and strain through muslin.

Formula No. 3

      Stearic Acid triple pressed................. 5 oz. 260 grains

      Oil Sweet Almond.............................. 3 oz.

      Ethyl Amino Benzoate................... ½ oz.

      Melt acid and oil together and add Ethyl Amino Benzoate. Stir until dissolved and adjust temperature to 70ºC.

After Shave Lotion

      Menthol............................................ 1 dram

      Boric Acid......................................... 2½  oz.

      Glycerin............................................ 5     oz.

      Alcohol.............................................. 5 quarts

      Water, to make.................................. 5 gal.

      Perfume

      Dissolve menthol in alcohol Add boric acid, perfume, and glycerin. Stir thoroughly until everything is dissolved. Add water. Filter. This preparation may be colored by adding enough color to give shade desired.

Styptics

Styptic Pencils

      The following are the methods adopted for the manufacture of alum pencils: White:    Liquefy 100 gm. of potassium alum crystals by the aid of heat. Remove any scum and avoid overheating, particularly of the sides of the vessel in which liquefaction is being carried out. The molten liquid should be perfectly clear. Triturate a mixture of French chalk in fine powder, 5 gm., glycerin 5 gm. to a paste, incorporate with the liquefied alum and pour into suitable molds. A white appearance can be imparted to the resulting pencils by the addition of more French chalk. near: Carefully liquefy potassium alum crystals so as to avoid loss of water of crystallization, adding a small amount of glycerin and water (about 5 per cent) until a clear liquid is obtained. This is poured whilst hot, into suitable molds, previously smeared with fat. The solidified pencils are rendered smooth by rubbing them with a moistened piece of cloth.

Styptic Powder

      An excellent styptic powder results from the mixture of 50% powdered talc and 50% phthalyl peroxide. The latter often contains up to 40% of its weight as phthalic acid; this is beneficial and acts as a stabilizer. The mixture is antiseptic.

Nail Polish

      The formulation of a suitable nail polish    presents problems peculiar in itself. The properties desired in the finished product are:

      1.   Ease of application

      2.   Drying time

      3.   Appearance of dry film

      4.   Permanency

      Ease of application is essential. If th polish is too thin, it will tend to floy too readily when applied to the nail, and will give difficulty in securing a smooth even coat. If the polish is too thick, a lumpy, streaky finish will result. In other words, the viscosity of the polish should be such that it will allow an even film to be brushed upon the nail. The drying time should be such that when the nails of the second hand are finished, the coat on those of the first hand should be sufficiently dry to permit the second application. Naturally, this applies only to the so-called “2 coat polishes.”

      The dry film should present an even appearance, any ridges, streaks, or even pinholes being absent. Finally, a good nail polish should remain on the finger nails for at least 5-7 days with little diminution of its original brilliance, and should show no signs of cracking and peeling.

      True solvents, such as acetone, butyl acetate, amyl acetate, etc., give free  flowing solutions whose viscosity can be influenced by increased concentration of low viscosity cotton or by the addition of non-solvents, such as toluene, xylene, etc. Commercial nitrocellulose is manufactured in various viscosities, ½  second, 4 seconds, 15-20 seconds, 40 seconds, etc. However, ½  second regular soluble nitro­cellulose generally furnishes the basis of nail polishes. This permits the incorporation of a sufficient solid content, whereas the higher viscosity cottons, even in small quantities, give a much too viscous product.

      “Regular Soluble Cotton” is nitro­cellulose soluble in acetone,


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