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Dairy Farming to Produce Milk and Cattle Breeding Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Working Capital Requirement

Wednesday, February 22, 2017

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Dairy Farming to Produce Milk and Cattle Breeding Detailed Project Report, Profile, Business Plan, Industry Trends, Market Research, Survey, Feasibility Study, Investment Opportunities, Cost and Revenue, Plant Economics, Working Capital Requirement, Plant Layout, Cost of Project, Projected Balance Sheets, Profitability Ratios, Break Even Analysis

India has the largest Cattle and Buffalo population in the world. Considerable importance was given to the Livestock Development Programme for increasing the production of major products such as milk, meat, wool & eggs etc. to increase the income of the economically weaker sections of the community i.e. small farmers, marginal farmers and Agricultural Labourers. One of them in the field of Animal Husbandry is Cattle Breeding. Cattle are normally bred during the summer so that calving may occur the following spring. However, cattle breeding can occur at other times of year, such as late summer to early fall. Owners can select the breeding time based on a number of factors, including reproductive performance and seasonal cattle pricing.

Breeding to meet the demand for beef production, owners also use selective breeding to attain specific traits in their beef cattle. An example of a desired trait could be leaner meat or resistance to illness. Breeds known as dual-purpose breeds are also used for beef production. These breeds have been selected for two purposes at once, such as for both beef and dairy production.

India possesses 27 acknowledged indigenous breeds of cattle and seven breeds of buffaloes. These well-defined breeds are found in the dry parts of the country. Good breeds of cattle are mostly confined to comparatively dry areas such as Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh. Pastures in these areas may qualitatively be enough, but they are often scarce.

If you are looking towards leveraging on the agriculture industry to generate huge income, then one of your best bet is to start cattle rearing business. Cattle rearing business is all about mass – breeding of cattle (cows, oxen, bulls, bullocks, steers, heifers and calf et al) for the sole aim of making profits. In most cases it is referred to as livestock farming business.

Dairy farming is a large unorganized sector in India and a major source for livelihood in rural areas. Dairy farming is a class of agriculture for long-term production of milk, which is processed (either on the farm or at a dairy plant, either of which may be called a dairy) for eventual sale of a dairy product. Commercial and small scale dairy farming in India is no doubt playing an important role in the total milk production and economy of our country. And almost all regions of India are suitable for setting up dairy farming business. Dairy cow farming means ‘raising highly milk productive cows commercially for milk production purpose’. It’s absolutely a part of agriculture or animal husbandry, enterprise for long term milk production from cows. Commercial dairy cow farming business is not a new idea. People are raising dairy cows for milk production from the ancient time. Dairy cow farming business is still a profitable business venture throughout the world. There are numerous new and established dairy cow farms available around the world.

Milk production in India during the period 1950-51 to 2014-15, has increased from 17 million tonnes to 146.3 million tonnes as compared to 137.7 million tonnes during 2013-14 recording a growth of 6.26 % FAO reported 3.1% increase in world milk Production from 765 million tonnes in 2013 to 789 million tonnes in 2014. The per capita availability of milk in the country which was 130 gram per day during 1950-51 has increased to 322 gram per day in 2014-15 as against the world average of 293.7 grams per day during 2013. This represents sustained growth in the availability of milk and milk products for our growing population.

In order to meet the growing demand for milk with a focus to improve milch animal productivity and increase milk production, the Government has approved National Dairy Plan Phase-I (NDP-I) in February, 2012 with a total investment of about Rs.2242 crore to be implemented from 2011-12 to 2016-17. NDP-I will help to meet the projected national demand of 150 million tonnes of milk by 2016-17 from domestic production through productivity enhancement, strengthening and expanding village level infrastructure for milk procurement and provide producers with greater access to markets.

 

                                                                                                                        ------------According to Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries

 

 

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