Wednesday, October 16, 2013

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Adhesives can be defined as a material used for bonding that exhibits flow at the time of application. In geometry, the surface is a two-dimensional geometric figure that limits the space filled with matter, i.e. surface in a theoretical sense. In mechanics, the surface is defined as the edge of a material body, which may be analysed in a molecular scale, micro- and macro size. There are certain adhesion theories based on surface chemical phenomena. In some special cases, either pure adsorption, or electrical or diffusion attractive forces are found at an adhesive-bound interface.


  Material should have following characteristics to behave like an adhesive


Ø  It must "wet" the surfaces

Ø  It must adhere to the surfaces

Ø  It must develop strength

Ø  It must remain stable


Adhesive raw material types


There are three types of raw materials

Ø  Natural    

Ø  Semi synthetic

Ø  Inorganic


Types of adhesives

There are basically two types of adhesives: resin-based and gum-based. In between the two types, there are various categories of adhesives sold in the market place. These include:


·         Natural adhesives

·         Synthetic adhesives

·         Drying adhesives

·         Contact adhesives

·         Hot adhesives

·         Reactive adhesives

·         Pressure sensitive adhesives




Adhesives can be used in creating adhesive joints, sealing, applying protective or decorative coating (paint or varnish), printing, furniture, construction, stationery and others. Surface Preparation Techniques for adhesives


·         Chromic Acid Etch

·         Sulfuric Acid Anodizing and “Hard” Anodizing

·         Phosphoric Acid Anodizing

·         Chromic Acid Anodizing


Market structure


Over the last few years, the adhesive business has seen global players setting up new capacities in India. With customs duty nearing Asian levels, competition will further intensify from imports as well as the low cost local players. The market size of all types of adhesives is very large and growing. Of this, the premium products account for some 45%. Quantitatively, the overall market size is growing annually at 11%.  

Jubilant Organosys established a plant to manufacture Vinyl Acetate Monomer (VAM) and introduced its synthetic wood adhesive Vamicol in 1989. Vamicol has logged a growth of 12-15%.It has nearly 15,000 outlets throughout the country.  Pidilite Industries is the largest adhesive manufacturer in India, with its most famous product being Fevicol. It is the market leader in adhesives and sealants, construction chemicals, hobby colours and polymer emulsions in India. Fevicol is now claimed to be the largest selling adhesives brand in Asia. The company's wholly owned US subsidiary Pidilite USA Inc, acquired Cyclo brand in June 2006. Cyclo products are sold in the USA and over 50 other countries. It also acquired Sargent Art brand at the same time. The product range includes crayons, tempera colours, acrylic colours, modelling clay and many other products.  

Bostik of the UK, another 100% Totalfina-Elf subsidiary, had a technical collaboration with Coates of India for the manufacture of industrial adhesives in the country. The company has already expanded its capacity by setting up a plant at Ahmedabad and increasing the capacity of its plant at Noida (UP). ICI India has acquired controlling interest in Polyinks Pvt Ltd a hotmelt adhesives company and  helped the business to improve its market share in the book binding and soap wrapper adhesive segments.



How Niir Project Consultancy Services (NPCS) can be helpful:-


NPCS can provide project consultancy services to any budding entrepreneur, who wants to get knowledge on preparation of Adhesives. Consultancy can provide the complete report covering topics like Plant Economics, Production Schedule, Land & Building, Site Development Expenses, and Working Capital Requirement etc.


NIIR Project Consultancy Services helps in establishing business prospective in preparation of adhesives. Detailed project report can be modified as per requirement of cost and capacity of the project. Our consultancy has a state-of-the-art experience in preparing projects report on different subjects as per need.


Detailed project report contains:


·         Introduction

·         Properties

·         BIS (Bureau of Indian Standard) Specifications & Requirements

·         Uses & Applications

·         Present Indian Market Position

·         Expected Future Demand

·         Export & Import Statistics Data

·         Names and Addresses of Existing Units (Present Manufactures)

·         List of Plant & Machineries

·         Miscellaneous Items and Accessories

·         Instruments, Laboratory Equipments and Accessories

·         Electrification, Electric Load and Water

·         Maintenance, Suppliers/Manufacturers of Plant and Machineries

·         Process of Manufacture

·         Flow Sheet Diagram

·         List of Raw Materials

·         Availability of Raw Materials

·         Requirement of Staff & Labour

·         Personnel Management

·         Skilled & Unskilled Labour

·         Requirement of Land Area

·         Built up Area

·         Plant Layout.


Along with financial details as under:

•        Assumptions for Profitability workings

•        Plant Economics

•        Production Schedule

•        Land & Building

Factory Land & Building

Site Development Expenses


•        Plant & Machinery

Indigenous Machineries

Other Machineries (Miscellaneous, Laboratory etc.)


•        Other Fixed Assets

Furniture & Fixtures

Pre-operative and Preliminary Expenses

Technical Knowhow

Provision of Contingencies


•        Working Capital Requirement Per Month

Raw Material

Packing Material

Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

Consumable Store


•        Overheads Required Per Month And Per Annum

Utilities & Overheads (Power, Water and Fuel Expenses etc.)

Royalty and Other Charges

Selling and Distribution Expenses


•        Salary and Wages

•        Turnover Per Annum

•        Share Capital


Equity Capital

Preference Share Capital


•        Annexure 1          ::        Cost of Project and Means of Finance

•        Annexure 2          ::        Profitability and Net Cash Accruals


Expenses/Cost of Products/Services/Items

Gross Profit

Financial Charges    

Total Cost of Sales

Net Profit After Taxes

Net Cash Accruals


•        Annexure 3                    ::        Assessment of Working Capital requirements

Current Assets

Gross Working. Capital

Current Liabilities

Net Working Capital

Working Note for Calculation of Work-in-process


•        Annexure 4                    ::        Sources and Disposition of Funds

•        Annexure 5                    ::        Projected Balance Sheets

ROI (Average of Fixed Assets)

RONW (Average of Share Capital)

ROI (Average of Total Assets)


•        Annexure 6                    ::        Profitability ratios


Earnings Per Share (EPS)

Debt Equity Ratio


•        Annexure 7                    ::        Break-Even Analysis

Variable Cost & Expenses

Semi-Var./Semi-Fixed Exp.

Profit Volume Ratio (PVR)

Fixed Expenses / Cost 



•        Annexure 8 to 11 ::        Sensitivity Analysis-Price/Volume

Resultant N.P.B.T

Resultant D.S.C.R

Resultant PV Ratio

Resultant DER

Resultant ROI

Resultant BEP


•        Annexure 12        ::        Shareholding Pattern and Stake Status

Equity Capital

Preference Share Capital


•        Annexure 13        ::        Quantitative Details-Output/Sales/Stocks

Determined Capacity P.A of Products/Services

Achievable Efficiency/Yield % of Products/Services/Items 

Net Usable Load/Capacity of Products/Services/Items   

Expected Sales/ Revenue/ Income of Products/ Services/ Items   


•        Annexure 14        ::        Product wise domestic Sales Realization

•        Annexure 15        ::        Total Raw Material Cost

•        Annexure 16        ::        Raw Material Cost per unit

•        Annexure 17        ::        Total Lab & ETP Chemical Cost

•        Annexure 18        ::        Consumables, Store etc.,

•        Annexure 19        ::        Packing Material Cost

•        Annexure 20        ::        Packing Material Cost Per Unit

•        Annexure 21        ::        Employees Expenses

•        Annexure 22        ::        Fuel Expenses

•        Annexure 23        ::        Power/Electricity Expenses

•        Annexure 24        ::        Royalty & Other Charges

•        Annexure 25        ::        Repairs & Maintenance Exp.

•        Annexure 26        ::        Other Mfg. Expenses

•        Annexure 27        ::        Administration Expenses

•        Annexure 28        ::        Selling Expenses

•        Annexure 29        ::        Depreciation Charges – as per Books (Total)

•        Annexure 30        ::        Depreciation Charges – as per Books (P & M)

•        Annexure 31        ::        Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (Total)

•        Annexure 32        ::        Depreciation Charges - As per IT Act WDV (P & M)

•        Annexure 33        ::        Interest and Repayment - Term Loans

•        Annexure 34        ::        Tax on Profits

•        Annexure 35        ::        Projected Pay-Back Period And IRR

In order to get consultancy services for preparation of adhesives and to have a view in industrial adhesives, you may visit:   to know every bit of information regarding subject.

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NIIR PROJECT CONSULTANCY SERVICES (NPCS) is a reliable name in the industrial world for offering integrated technical consultancy services. Its various services are: Pre-feasibility study, New Project Identification, Project Feasibility and Market Study, Identification of Profitable Industrial Project Opportunities, Preparation of Project Profiles and Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Studies, Market Surveys and Studies, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Reports, Identification and Selection of Plant and Machinery, Manufacturing Process and or Equipment required, General Guidance, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial projects and industry.

NPCS also publishes varies technology books, directory, databases, detailed project reports, market survey reports on various industries and profit making business. Besides being used by manufacturers, industrialists and entrepreneurs, our publications are also used by Indian and overseas professionals including project engineers, information services bureau, consultants and consultancy firms as one of the input in their research.

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